Socio-metabolic risks (SMRs) are systemic risks associated with the availability of critical resources, the integrity of material circulation, and the distribution of their costs and benefits in a socio-ecological system. For resource-stressed systems like small island nations, understanding trade-offs and synergies between critical resources is not only crucial, but urgent. Climate change is already putting small islands at high risk through more frequent and intense extreme weather events, changing precipitation patterns, and threats of inundation with future sea-level rise.
This study compares the shifting resource-baseline for 14 Caribbean island nations for the year 2000 and 2017. The researchers analyse water, energy, and food (WEF) and their nexus through the lens of SMRs, using indicators related to their availability, access, consumption, and self-sufficiency.
Martin del Campo, F., Singh, S. J., & Mijts, E. (2023). The resource (in) sufficiency of the Caribbean: analyzing socio-metabolic risks (SMR) of water, energy, and food. Frontiers in Climate, 5, 1085740.
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