This project also contributes to the SDGs. Themes for this project include conflicts and tradeoffs between geothermal power generation and the hot spring business (water-energy nexus), water uses on land vs environmental flow from land to the ocean for coastal ecosystem (water-food nexus), and resource development vs water use and contamination (water-energy nexus), among others. The project integrates interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary research with co-design and co-production (Future Earth, 2013).
Five interdisciplinary approaches will be used:
~Environmental governance, science in/for society, and co-design/co-production approaches;
~Biophysical measurements/analyses using geochemical, coastal oceanographic, geophysical, hydrologic, and ecological techniques to evaluate linkages between land and ocean;
~Biophysical measurements/analyses using satellite, geophysical, geochemical, and hydrogeological techniques to evaluate linkages between water and energy;
~Social measurements/analyses using community surveys, cost-benefit/efficiency analysis, and environmental valuation from socioeconomic, anthropology, psychology, and behavior-science methodologies; and
~Development of integrated indicators/indices and network analyses of feedback from stakeholder meeting/workshops. The purpose of the workshop is to create a new approach for a balancing between risk and resilience which is critical for achieving human and environmental security focusing on 1) Politics, Policy and Regulation, 2) Ecosystem Approaches and Resilience and 3) Resource Scarcity and Security.