Berlin2013: "Realizing the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus"
Event

Policy Forum // Berlin2013: "Realizing the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus"

On 28-29 November 2013, the Berlin2013 Policy Forum "Realizing the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus", hosted by BMZ in coordination with BMU and organized by GIZ, represents a major building block in a series of Nexus Dialogues which emanated from the Bonn2011 Nexus-Conference.

Around 100 international participants from national governments, the scientific community, organisations and NGOs, public sector agencies as well as planning agencies and the private sector are invited to join an interactive and practice-oriented forum to discuss various aspects of the Nexus approach from the international to the local implementation level, with a special focus on regional cooperation.

The cross-sectoral Nexus approach aims at highlighting the interdependencies between water, energy and food security to take informed policy decisions and to help prioritizing resource use. There are many areas where the Nexus perspective can be applied such as wastewater reuse, energy generation from waste or multi-purpose dams for energy generation, water supply and agricultural usage. The Nexus approach advocates for greater policy coherence and links across different policy levels and sectors to meet the challenges associated with the distribution of scarce resources. It also factors in other processes, such as adaptation to climate change, soil conservation, population growth and changing consumption patterns. The idea of the Nexus perspective is to overcome one-sided sectoral thinking and sector-biased planning, management and implementation. The Nexus perspective aims to support the design of more efficient policy frameworks on the one hand, and to lead to better results of international and regional cooperation projects on the other hand.

The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) initiated a dialogue on the Nexus approach with international partners, set up a policy and technical network, and dedicated an international conference to the topic of the Nexus perspective in 2011.

The Bonn2011 Conference: The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus — Solutions for the Green Economy — and beyond

From 16 to 18 November 2011 the German Federal Government organized the international Conference "The Water Energy and Food Security Nexus — Solutions for the Green Economy" as a specific German contribution to the UN Conference on Sustainable Development "Rio+20 Conference". The international participants included more than 550 high-ranking decision-makers and decision-shapers from the spheres of politics, academia, the United Nations, civil society and the private sector. The Conference has provided a first platform for consideration of the close interdependencies of water, energy and food security and the benefits of a Nexus perspective in a multi-stakeholder process.

Since the Bonn2011 conference, the challenge of thinking in a Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus perspective is gradually being addressed and is now getting momentum in the post-2015 process and the development of sustainable development goals.

Several actors have taken initiatives to consider the Nexus perspective in their fields of activities, e.g. the African Union, The Worldbank, FAO or IRENA. Germany is especially engaged in regional Nexus Dialogues and in the Sustainable Energy for all's High Impact Opportunity on the Water Energy Food Nexus. Besides, it collaborates with the International Institute for Applied Sustainability (IASS) on the topic soils in the Nexus.

The Nexus perspective fed directly into a range of concrete development projects financed by BMZ, e.g. the regional programme on "Integrated Resource Management in Asian Cities", a direct outcome of the Bonn2011 conference. Through experience-sharing between city governments on integrated planning for water, energy and food security, the programme aims to tackle Nexus related urban challenges in the context of rapid urbanisation and economic growth.

Two years after the Bonn 2011 Nexus Conference, it is the moment to bring together multipliers, opinion leaders and other stakeholders to revisit the Nexus realization and implementation, calling on "old" and "new" champions, aiming at fresh impetus and further commitments.

Topics

Two main issues were under discussion:

~Implementing the Nexus perspective: Learning from practical examples about experiences, opportunities and challenges. What conditions and policy frameworks are helpful to effectively implement the Nexus perspective? Which levels of policy environment are the most relevant to make it work?

~Spreading the Nexus perspective: Where are possibilities to link the Nexus with other processes, actors and areas of work? How can the ongoing Nexus processes be better linked to one another? How can the added value of the Nexus approach be conveyed to new, key decision-makers? How can policy coherence be intensified? Is a more formal network required to get better connected and if so what should this network look like?

The event aimed to provide new impetus for putting the Nexus way of thinking into practice by

-Bringing together "old" and "new" champions and "Nexus ambassadors" in order to create a variety of different Nexus initiatives and an exchange network on Nexus-issues,

-Creating momentum for regional Nexus dialogue processes

-Building on on-going and prepare for upcoming initiatives and support mechanisms for implementing the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus

Programme

28 Nov 2013

13:00 — 14:00 Registration and Light Lunch

14:00 — 15:30 Opening

Moderator: Johan Kuylenstierna, Executive Director, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden

Welcome and Introductory Remarks

-Friedrich Kitschelt, Director General Africa and Latin America; Global and Sectoral Affairs, German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany

-Fritz Holzwarth, Deputy Director General for Water Management, German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

(BMU), Germany

From Bonn2011 to Berlin2013: Dialogue between the Co-Chairs of the Bonn2011 Conference

-Ursula Eid, Vice Chair, United Nations Secretary General's Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB)

-Albert Butare, Founder and Group CEO, African Energy Services Group (AESG) Ltd, Rwanda

Spotlights by Representatives of the Nexus Community

-Kadri M. Nassiep, Chief Executive Officer, South African National Energy Research Institute (SANEDI), South Africa

-Maryam Rahmanian, Research Fellow, Centre for Sustainable Development (CENESTA), Iran

- Mark Smith, Director, Global Water Programme, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Switzerland

15:30 — 16:00 Coffee and Tea Break

16:00 — 17:30 Parallel Hot Topic Sessions

Hot topic 1: Bringing the WEF Nexus into practice — Setting the right incentives

The session will deal with incentives that are required in order to achieve water, energy and food security in the context of limited, vulnerable and interconnected resources. Participants will discuss which incentives are helpful or harmful in efforts to reduce negative externalities and maximise cross-sectoral synergies among the water, energy and food security sectors on different levels.

Key Questions:

-How to identify the right incentives?

-How to create the right incentives?

-What new ideas are being discussed in the context of setting the right incentives to make a change in global resource use?

Chair: Torkil Jønch Clausen, Chief Water Policy Adviser, DHI Group, Denmark

Facilitator: Ulrike Pokorski da Cunha, Team Leader, International Water Policy and Infrastructure, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

Contributors:

-Friedrich Barth, Managing Director, German Water Partnership, Germany

-Ben Vas Nyamadi, Chief Executive Officer, Ghana Irrigation Development Authority, Ghana

-Kathryn E. Russell, Chief of Staff / Senior Policy Adviser, Secretary's Office of Global Food Security, Global Food Security, Department of State, United States of America

Hot topic 2: Mobilising consumers in the context of the WEF Nexus

The session explores ways to empower consumers so as to achieve more sustainable consumption and production patterns in the context of limited water, energy and land resources. The focus will be on local and national actions in developing and emerging countries as well as on the global influence of consumers from developed countries on production processes in developing and emerging countries.

Key Questions:

-What opportunities and challenges are associated with the mobilisation of consumers? What role can consumers play?

-How to reach consumers in the context of the WEF Nexus?

-What new initiatives are needed to support the mobilisation of consumers?

Chair: Zafar Adeel, Director, United Nations University, Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH)

Facilitator: Richard Black, Former Environment Correspondent, BBC News, United Kingdom

Contributors:

-Robin Simpson, Senior Policy Adviser, Consumers International (CI), United Kingdom

-Alejandro Calvillo Unna, Director, El Poder del Consumidor, Mexico

16:00 — 17:30

Hot topic 3: How the private sector can contribute to the implementation of the WEF Nexus

This session looks at the role of the private sector in addressing nexus challenges through innovative approaches. Initiatives that promote private sector activities related to the nexus will be presented.

Participants will share best practices and lessons learned to further advance corporate nexus solutions in cooperation with governments and civil society.

Key Questions:

-Where does a cross-sectoral perspective matter for private companies?

-How can companies approach the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus?

-Which new collaborations between the private sector and civil society (or other stakeholders) can support the implementation of the WEF Nexus?

Chair: Marc Van Ameringen, Executive Director, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), Switzerland

Facilitator: Joppe Cramwinckel, Director Water Programme, World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)

Contributors:

-Jack Moss, Senior Advisor, AquaFed: International Federation of Private Water Operators, France

-Franz-Josef Batz, Team Leader Competence Centre Cooperation with the Private Sector, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

-Philipp Wagnitz, Program Officer Water Stewardship, WWF Germany

17:45 — 18:45 Panel-Talk: First Results, Viable Nexus Solutions?

Moderator: Johan Kuylenstierna, Executive Director, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden

-Marc Van Ameringen, Executive Director, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), Switzerland

-Zafar Adeel, Director, United Nations University, Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH)

-Torkil Jønch Clausen, Chief Water Policy Adviser, DHI Group, Denmark

-Fritz Holzwarth, Deputy Director General for Water Management, German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Germany

-Franz-B. Marré, Head of Division, Water; Energy; Urban Development; Geoscience Sector, German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany

19:00 — 21:00 Get-Together Reception with Flying Buffet

29 Nov 2013

08:15 — 09:00 Coffee and Tea

09:00 — 09:30 Starting the Day

Morning Reflections: Mike Muller, Commissioner, National Planning Commission, South Africa

09:45 — 11:15 Parallel Regional Expert Roundtables

The different regions of the world face varying trade-offs and challenges related to the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus, even if they are connected at global level. In each region, there are issues of common interest due to shared resources, cross-border infrastructure, regional markets, or due to similar country-level challenges and policy frameworks.

The regional roundtables will debate the cross-sectoral dimensions of energy, water and food security in the different regions and discuss policy frameworks needed on a regional and country level.

Key Questions:

-How to increase cross-sectoral policy coherence?

-How to make better use of the Nexus perspective in the regional context?

-What new ideas are being discussed in the context of promoting the cross-sectoral perspective at regional level?

1) Latin America and the Caribbean

Improving land use and resource efficiency

Chair: Jean-Marc Faurés, Senior Officer, Land and Water Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Facilitator: Richard Black, Former Environment Correspondent, BBC News, United Kingdom

Contributors:

-Claudia Ringler, Deputy Division Director and Senior Research Fellow, Environment Production and Technology Division, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

-Adrián Rodríguez, Chief, Agriculture Development Unit, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

2) MENA Region

Improve water use efficiency and sustainable use of resources

Chair: Alexander Müller, Senior Fellow, Institute for Advanced Sustainability e.V. (IASS) Potsdam, Germany

Facilitator: Ulrike Pokorski da Cunha, Team Leader, International Water Policy and Infrastructure, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany

Contributors:

-Shahira Hassan Wahbi, Chief of Sustainable Development & International Cooperation, Economic Sector, League of Arab States (LAS)

-Rabi Mohtar, Professor and Executive Director of Strategic Projects, Qatar Foundation, Qatar

-Saïd Mouline, Director General, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency National Agency (ADEREE), Morocco

3) Sub-Saharan Africa

Land use and security of tenure / Value ecosystems

Chair: Bai-Mass Taal, Executive Secretary, African Ministers' Council on Water (AMCOW)

Facilitator: Rainer Janssen, Head of Biomass Unit, WIP — Renewable Energies, Germany

Contributors:

-Reza Ardakanian, Director, United Nations University Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources (UNU-FLORES)

-Jes Weigelt, Coordinator, Global Soil Forum, Institute for Advanced Sustainability e.V. (IASS) Potsdam, Germany

-Canisius Kanangire, Executive Secretary, Lake Victoria Basin Commission (LVBC), Kenya

4) Europe and Central Asia

Water, energy and food security in transboundary river basins

Chair: Iskandar Abdullaev, Executive Director, Regional Environmental Center for Central Asia (CAREC), Kazakhstan

Facilitator: Annukka Lipponen, Environmental Affairs Officer, Secretariat of the Water Convention, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

Contributors:

-Karl Schwaiger, Head of Unit, International Water Policy, Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water Management, Austria

-Dinara Ziganshina, Deputy Director, Scientific Information Centre of the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination (SIC ICWC) in Central Asia, Uzbekistan

5) Asia

Achieving water, energy and food security in an urbanising world

Chair: Ursula Schäfer-Preuss, Chair, Global Water Partnership (GWP)

Facilitator: Olivier Dubois, Senior Natural Resources Officer & Coordinator of Energy Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Contributors:

-Emani Kumar, Deputy Secretary General, ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability and Executive Director, ICLEI South Asia, India

-Wilfredo B. Prilles Jr., City Planning and Development Coordinator, Naga City, Philippines

11:15 — 12:15 Wrap-Up: Bringing Together the Results of the Reginal Expert Roundtables

Interactive format — presentation of working group results

Moderator: Johan Kuylenstierna, Executive Director, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden

Short presentations by:

-Jean-Marc Faurés, Senior Officer, Land and Water Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

-Alexander Müller, Senior Fellow, Institute for Advanced Sustainability e.V. (IASS) Potsdam, Germany

-Bai-Mass Taal, Executive Secretary, African Ministers' Council on Water (AMCOW)

-Ursula Schäfer-Preuss, Chair, Global Water Partnership (GWP)

-Iskandar Abdullaev, Executive Director, Regional Environmental Center for Central Asia (CAREC), Kazakhstan

12:30 — 13:30 Outlook

Moderator: Johan Kuylenstierna, Executive Director, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden

Ideas for Action: The session demonstrates how the Policy Forum stimulated concrete follow-up activities. Participants have the opportunity to present new initiatives that promote the implementation of the nexus thinking and to highlight existing initiatives with up-coming events or actions.

Downloads

{documents/events/2013/berlin2013/nexus-berlin2013-programme.pdf|Programme (#s)}

#impressions|Impressions

#series:documents/events/2013/berlin2013/fotos/berlin2013-nexus-01_80_q.jpg

Photos by {http://www.behance.net/ralfruehmeier|Ralf Rühmeier}

Cooperation partners

A variety of regional and international partners will be involved in the preparation of the inter-active formats and "Hot Topic Sessions" of the policy forum, for example the African Union, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the League of Arab States.

The results of the policy forum are meant to be fed into important international processes such as the Post-2015 debate. The event will present the Sustainable Energy for All Initiative's (SE4All) High Impact Opportunity (HIO) on "the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus" under the co-lead of FAO and BMZ.

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