Logo: Water Energy Food Nexus, Bonn 2011

Building Climate-Smart Adaptive Capacities of Rural Communities for Water, Food, Energy and Livelihoods Security | Water Energy Food Nexus, Bonn 2011

Skip navigation



End of navigation

Innovative Water Management

01 Mar 12

Building Climate-Smart Adaptive Capacities of Rural Communities for Water, Food, Energy and Livelihoods Security

by Watershed Organization Trust (WOTR)

Experiences from the Field in India

In ecologically fragile and rain fed regions of India, local climatic variations, frequent droughts and unsustainable natural resource exploitation have resulted in significantly reducing the availability of water, food, fodder, bio-fuels and fibres for household consumption, livelihoods and economic production. Women, in particularly, have had to bear the brunt of these adverse impacts. Climate change further compounds the problem - the temporal and spatial variability of the monsoons is expected to increase across regions. The anticipated overall long term impact will increase the vulnerability of ecosystems thus adversely affecting water resources, food production, bio-fuels and biomass supplies for dependent communities, especially the poor.

Since 1993, the Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR), an NGO, has been in the forefront of mobilizing vulnerable communities in semi arid and rainfed regions to help themselves out of poverty by harvesting rainwater wherever it falls and regenerating the ecosystems they live in along watershed lines.
However, in recent years, due to observed local meteorological variations and extreme events, WOTR decided to introduce, within the overall framework of ecosystems management, specific interventions designed to mitigate weather induced risks, reduce vulnerability and build up the adaptive capacities of the community, while improving the quality of life, especially of the poor, in a sustainable manner.

This presentation will share the experiences and learnings of a large scale adaptation project [involving over 52,000 people in 63 villages across 36,500 ha (365 sq.kms)] which includes agro-meteorology based sustainable agriculture, “precision farming” pilots that seek to optimise land and water productive, weather based agricultural advisory generation, community based water budgeting for crop planning, biodiversity conservation, hydrogeology, rural energy systems and establishing climate smart livelihoods that benefit and grow the local economy.

This is a multi-stakeholder venture involving national research institutions, government agencies (national and international), local governance institutions, civil society and community based organisations.

  • Crispino Lobo, Co-Founder, Watershed Organization Trust (WOTR), India


Related Resources


Watershed Organization Trust

WOTR is a not-for-profit NGO founded in 1993 operating currently in five 5 Indian states – Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jharkhand. WOTR provides capacity building and advisory services to developmental practitioners from 22 other Indian states as well as, occasionally, from 27 countries. WOTR’s mandate is to reduce poverty through mobilising the self help capacities of individuals and communities to regenerate the eco-spaces or watersheds they live in, harvest rain water wherever it falls, use it productively, undertake sustainable livelihoods and do whatever else it takes to get them out of poverty.


Building Climate-Smart Adaptive Capacities of Rural Communities for Water, Food, Energy and Livelihoods Security

by Watershed Organization Trust (WOTR)

Further Reading

08 Oct 13

Water Alternatives, an interdisciplinary journal on water, politics and development, will publish a special issue on Critical Thinking On the ‘New Security Convergence’ in Energy, Food, Climate and Water.

10 Jul 15

As momentum builds towards the negotiation of the Sustainable Development Goals and UN climate change summit later this year, the G7 countries have made a strong statement about the importance of climate security risks.

09 May 14

In order to improve our environmental security, should we think of water, food, energy and climate in nexus-like ways? Richard Matthew is skeptical. While “nexus thinking” promises to reduce waste and inefficiency, it could also heighten inequality, instability and the potential for violent conflict.

NEXUS in the Media

30 Nov 14

Japan Focus

All developed and developing countries face dense clusters of “wicked problems,” particularly on the water-energy-food nexus in an epoch of climate crisis, but surely Japan’s are among the most daunting.

08 Apr 14

blue&green tomorrow

Leading thinkers met at the Intelligence Squared: Water, Food, Energy, Climate – Smart Solutions for 2050. Here they discussed what the world needs to do to avert food riots, water wars and energy crises when its population hits the expected 9 billion mark in 2050.

28 Mar 14

The Guardian

Anglo American presents some of their water projects in serveral parts of the world and explain, why communities die without water


  • IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute
  • WEF World Economic Forum
  • WWF World Wide Fund for Nature

Bonn2011 Nexus Conference – in the context of Bonn Perspectives

  • Bonn Perspectives

initiated by

  • BONN
  • BMZ

funded by

  • European Regional Development Fund EFRE
  • NRW Ministerin fr Bundesangelegenheiten, Europa und Medien des Landes Nordrhein-Westphalen
Server monitoring