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19 Feb 13

Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water Sector in the MENA Region (ACCWaM)

A project implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

The project “Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water Sector in the MENA Region (ACCWaM)” aims at developing the capacity of the Arab Region’s water sector institutions for anticipating and adapting to impacts of climate change.

Context
Livelihoods and socio-economic development in the Arab Region are challenged by increasing water scarcity, a situation which climate change will worsen.
Expected impacts of climate change include decreasing rainfall, increasing temperature, possible increases of extreme events such as floods and droughts, and further gaps in food security. Countries in the region are beginning to prepare responses to these new climate challenges. Capacity Development is an urgent need at the institutional and political levels, as it strengthens the resilience of communities and civil society.

Objective
To develop the capacity of the Arab Region’s water sector institutions for anticipating and adapting to impacts of climate change

Approach
The programme’s approach focuses on four main areas of intervention:

  • Policy and Strategy
  • Institutional Framework
  • Tools & Methodology
  • Technologies & Resource Management Systems

Core elements of the approach include involving key regional actors, aligning with the Arab Regional Strategy for Water Security, and building capacity in the institutions and authorities responsible for water management. The programme also supports national water institutions to a) mainstream climate change in their sectoral strategies and b) plan for innovative adaptation measures appropriate for upscaling.

Impacts & Results

  • an Action Plan adopted by the Arab Ministerial Water Council (AMWC), building on the Arab Regional Strategy for Water Security
  • implementation of Climate Change Innovation Measures through the Arab Center for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands (ACSAD)
  • an Arab Knowledge Hub for climate and water in the framework of the Regional Initiative for the Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources and Socio-Economic Vulnerability in the Arab Region (RICCAR) in close cooperation with the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
  • Guidelines and Manuals for the region’s national water ministries and institutions to adapt to climate change in their strategies and action plans

Partners

The political partner of this Regional Technical Cooperation Programme is AMWC – established in 2009 under the umbrella of the League of Arab States (LAS). Intermediary partners are ACSAD in Damascus and ESCWA in Beirut. During its first phase – 2011-2014 – the project will focus on Egypt, Lebanon and Jordan, especially with regard to the adaptation measures.

Funding

The programme is financed by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ).

For further information, please contact matthias.bartels(at)giz.de

Links

Factsheet: Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water Sector in the MENA Region (ACCWaM)
Factsheet ACCWaM: Transboundary Water Management
Egypt: Increasing Water Efficiency through Drainage Water Reuse
Jordan: From Irrigated Agriculture to Solar Energy Farming

Further Reading

29 Jun 14

Interview with Ciarán Ó Cuinn, director of the Middle East Desalination Research Center (MEDRC), an international organisation working on solutions to fresh water scarcity in the Middle East.

07 Nov 13

Humboldt University Berlin/Germany calls for applications for joining a Master or PhD/Postdoc programme on water governance in the MENA region. One of the potential research topics is management of the water-land use-agriculture nexus.

26 Oct 11

How Water Makes Green Economies a Moving Target

NEXUS in the Media

13 Aug 12

The Guardian

Water, energy, food - these three issues are the essential holy trinity of environmental sustainability. They are maddeningly intertwined and their effect reaches everyone – private, public, and social sectors alike. Because everyone is affected by each of these issues, and because they are so intertwined, everyone needs to be at the table. No one entity, no matter how large, can save us from ourselves.

07 Dec 12

United Nations Regional Information Centre (UNRIC)

Together with the Rockefeller Foundation, the UN Climate Change secretariat has launched a new initiative to recognize the critical role of women in fighting climate change: “Momentum for Change: Women for Results.” “Women have the power to make a major difference. They are at the nexus between food, water and energy. This nexus is both the challenge and the solution to climate change, and we need to ensure women’s leadership in bringing about the solutions,” said UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres.

22 Oct 14

World Economic Forum

According to UN projections, the world’s population could reach 9.15 billion by 2050, creating a 60% increase in demand for food.

22 Oct 12

Foreign Affairs

In short, predictions of a Water World War are overwrought. However, tensions over water usage can still exacerbate other existing regional conflicts. Climate change is expected to intensify droughts, floods, and other extreme weather conditions that jeopardize freshwater quantity and quality and therefore act as a threat-multiplier, making shaky regions shakier -by

Partners

  • IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute
  • WEF World Economic Forum
  • WWF World Wide Fund for Nature

Bonn2011 Nexus Conference – in the context of Bonn Perspectives

  • Bonn Perspectives

initiated by

  • BONN
  • BMZ

funded by

  • European Regional Development Fund EFRE
  • NRW Ministerin fr Bundesangelegenheiten, Europa und Medien des Landes Nordrhein-Westphalen
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