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NEXUS Knowledge

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NEXUS in Practice

Research and Technology

This project which is funded by the European Union aims to bring emission-free plant and fish breeding from research to market.

Integrated Resource Management

In the framework of the project up to ten selected cities in six Asian countries will be supported with a view to nexuscompliant integrated resource management.

Core Research Project

The WEFN (Water-Energy-Food Nexus) project aims to maximize human-environmental security (minimize the vulnerability) by choosing management structures and policies that optimize both the water-food and water-energy connections in Asia-Pacific coastal regions.

Tool Development

A new tool for identifying sustainable resource management strategies governed by the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus, especially tailored for Qatar

NEXUS Modeling

Investigating complex interdependencies between agriculture, energy, and water in the Ukraine - by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

A Preparation of China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection Co-Control Program - by Asian Development Bank (ADB)

by the Ministry of Energy and Mines (Laos), TheunHinboun Power Company, Statkraft Oslo, Electrcité du Laos, and GMS Lao Company Ltd.

NEXUS Resources

16 Apr 14

Video

Water, Energy, Food - Nexus Thinking Explained Video

This motion infographic explains the importance of nexus thinking in our everyday lives and policy decisions.

14 Apr 14

Video

Nexus Of Food, Energy, Water: Saurav Jha At TEDxSGGSCC

Saurav is a commentator on global security and energy issues and contributes regularly to publications such as World Politics Review, The telegraph, The Diplomat, Le monde diplomatique, besides being consulting editor of Geopolitics Review.

14 Apr 14

Article

Reconciling Energy and Food Security

By Rhett B. Larson, in: University of Richmond Law Review, Allen Chair Issue 2014: The Energy-Water Nexus. - Achieving food security and energy security are two primary policy aims of international and domestic law. Ironically, the pursuit of energy security can often frustrate efforts to achieve food security. Energy security is the condition of a nation and its citizens having reasonable physical and economic access to sufficient and sustainable energy. Food security is the condition of a nation and its citizens having reasonable physical and economic access to sufficient and sustainable food. These two objectives often collide in the area of agricultural water management. It is in that realm that, frustratingly, the goal of achieving food security most frequently comes into conflict with the ambition to achieve energy security. For example, food production in India depends heavily upon irrigation. Many of these crops are drought-resistant grain crops like sorghum or millet. However, international and domestic energy demands have rapidly expanded the growth of irrigated sugar cane in India for biofuel production. Unlike drought resistant food crops, biofuel crops are often water intensive. As such, the desire to achieve energy security diverts available land and water resources away from food security, exacerbating conflicts between industries and communities over scarce resources. This article argues that making “water security” a more predominant policy aim can help reconcile and integrate energy security and food security.

09 Apr 14

Policy Brief

SEI Research Synthesis: The Water-Energy-Food Nexus

SEI has done a lot of work focused on the water-energy- food nexus, a topic that is deeply relevant to sustainable development planning and policy. This brief draws on SEI’s expertise in hydrology, agriculture, and water and energy systems analysis, and leverages two powerful SEI-built tools: the Water Evaluation and Planning system (WEAP) and the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning system (LEAP). It also builds on SEI’s on-the-ground research on livelihoods, energy access, sanitation and other issues. The brief describes the ongoing research on the water-energy-food nexus, starting with key insights from SEI’s studies and interactions with stakeholders to date.

04 Apr 14

Book

Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding is part of a global initiative to identify and analyze lessons in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management. The project has generated six edited books of case studies and analyses, with contributions from practitioners, policy makers, and researchers.

02 Apr 14

Guidebook

Water-Energy-Food Nexus and Agricultural Investment: A sustainable development guidebook

The purpose of this guidebook is to provide a practical, spatially explicit, ecosystem-based framework for the design and management of land investments that deliver increased water, energy and food security.

01 Apr 14

Nexus 2014

A Declaration from the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference

A Declaration from the “Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy” Conference, submitted to the co-chairs of the SDG OWG, the UN Secretary General and the President of the UN General Assembly. Nota bene: This document is not a communication to which all participants of the conference committed themselvs, but a message of the conference co-directors, Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram.

31 Mar 14

Presentation

IWRM and the Water, Energy and Climate Nexus

Presentation held by Nathan Cammerman In September 2009 at the 12th International Riversymposium in Brisbane, Australia

27 Mar 14

Book Publication

The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus - Lessons from India for Development

In this book, the authors show how these issues are being addressed in India as part of its economic development, and how these can provide lessons for other developing nations. They address the conflicting claims of water resources for irrigation and hydropower, where both are scarce at the national level for fostering water and energy security. They also consider the relationship between water for irrigated agriculture and household use and its impact on rural poverty. They identify weaknesses in the current hydropower development programme in India that are preventing it from being an ecologically sustainable, socially just and economically viable solution to meeting growing energy demand. The empirical analyses presented show the enormous scope for co-management of water, energy, agricultural growth and food security through appropriate technological interventions and market instruments. - Edited by M. Dinesh Kumar, Nitin Bassi, A. Narayanamoorthy, M.V.K. Sivamohan

21 Mar 14

Publication

World Water Development Report 2014: “Water and Energy”

In view of the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, likely to include increased access to water and energy services, this 5th edition of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR 2014) seeks to inform decision-makers (inside and outside the water and energy domains), stakeholders and practitioners about the interlinkages, potential synergies and trade-offs, and to highlight the need for appropriate responses and regulatory frameworks that account for both water and energy priorities. - Water and energy are closely interconnected and highly interdependent. Choices made and actions taken in one domain can greatly affect the other, positively or negatively. Trade-offs need to be managed to limit negative impacts and foster opportunities for synergy. Water and energy have crucial impacts on poverty alleviation both directly, as a number of the Millennium Development Goals depend on major improvements in access to water, sanitation, power and energy sources, and indirectly, as water and energy can be binding constraints on economic growth - the ultimate hope for widespread poverty reduction. - The Report provides a comprehensive overview of major and emerging trends from around the world, with examples of how some of the trend-related challenges have been addressed, their implications for policy-makers, and further actions that can be taken by stakeholders and the international community.

05 Mar 14

Agenda

“Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference”, 5-8 Mar 2014

The Water Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and collaborators will host the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference on March 5-8, 2014 to examine the thoughts and actions related to a nexus approach. The co-Directors of the Conference are Jamie Bartram, Director of The Water Institute, and Felix Dodds, Associate Fellow at the Tellus Institute, with support from an International Advisory Committee. The Conference will bring together scientists and practitioners working in government, civil society and business, and other stakeholders focusing on the questions of how and why the nexus approach is, and can be, used on international and local levels.

03 Mar 14

Policy Brief

Cross-sectoral integration in the Sustainable Development Goals: a nexus approach

This brief proposes ways to use the water-energy-food nexus framework to facilitate cross-sectoral integration in the Sustainable Development Goals process, with the purpose of making the SDGs more cost-effective, efficient and sustainable in the long term.

10 Feb 14

Video

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions: Bogota Workshop

This video summarizes the questions and how the workshop was structured to increase cross sectoral understanding of nexus problems and possible solutions for river basins and water infrastructure

04 Feb 14

Presentation

Targeting the Good Ecological Status of French Waters at the nexus of Food and Energy Development

Lessons to be learnt in preparation of the good ecological stauts are presented by Dominique Dorn, General Commissioner and Interministerial Delegate for Sustainable Development of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing of France. He shows that local knowledge among others is a key factor for the water-biodiversity-food-energy nexus approach. Held at the Global Forum on the Environment OECD, Paris, 26 Oct 2011

31 Jan 14

Everyday Nexus Day

Nexus Guide

This guide addresses consumers as it shows how everyday decision made towards water, energy and food affect the nexus as a whole. The guide suggests nine simple choices that you can make to use food, water and energy more sustainably in your daily life and even points our how money can be saved by making smart nexus related decisions.

28 Jan 14

Presentation

Interlinkages and trade-offs between water and energy

Presentation held by Diego J. Rodriguez, The World Bank, on Jan 14th, 2014, at the United Nations Office to Support the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’ 2005-2015

27 Jan 14

Presentation

Policy and governance responses to the water-energy nexus challenge

Presentation held by Kathleen Dominique, Environmental Economist, OECD, on Jan 14th, 2014, at United Nations Office to Support the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’ 2005-2015

24 Jan 14

Presentation

Water in the Energy Industry

Presentation by Alistair Wyness, BP, Group Water Expert, held on Jan 14th, 2014, at the United Nations Office to Support the International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’ 2005-2015

23 Jan 14

Presentation

Understanding the water requirements of the power sector

Presentation by by Anna Delgado, World Bank, held on Jan 14th, 2014, 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day

23 Jan 14

Presentation

Assessment of the Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystems Nexus in transboundary river basins: the Alazani/Ganikh Basin Pilo

Presentation by Annukka Lipponen, UNECEat, on Jan 14th, 2014, at the 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014

23 Jan 14

Presentation

Managing the water and energy challenge at a national scale: The US perspective

Presentation held by Kelly A. Kryc, U.S. Department of State, on Jan 14th, 2014 at the at 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014

22 Jan 14

Presentation

The Water for Energy Framework

Presentation by Laurent Bellet, Institution, held on Jan 14th, 2014 at the at 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014

22 Jan 14

Presentation

Energy-Water Research Trends in the United States

Presentation by Michael Hightower, Sandia National Laboratories, held on Jan 14th, 2014, at the UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014

22 Jan 14

Presentation

The Energy-Water Nexus (Thirsty Energy)

Presentation on by Pol Adarve, from Abengoa, held on Jan 2014, at 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014

21 Jan 14

Presentation

The Water-Energy nexus in Japan

The Water-Energy nexus in Japan, by Hisaya Sawano, Government of Japan, held on Jan 14th, 2014 at the 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014

21 Jan 14

Presentation

Coal’s water use

Presentation on Coal’s water use: Global picture, and case studies from China, India and South Africa, held by Iris Cheng, Greenpeace International, on Jan 20th, 2014 at 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014

20 Jan 14

Presentation

Water and Energy Challenges

Presentation on Water and Energy Nexus and Challenges by Michela Miletto, World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP), Coordinator, held on Jan 14th 2014, at 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference.

20 Jan 14

Infographic

thirsty energy - Energy and Water’s Interdependence

A large infographic documents prepared by the World Bank shows the water-energy interdependence in terms of energy needs water and water needs energy, global challenges and risks and on what’s already happening.

02 Dec 13

Presentation

Transformation of Alice Springs through the Energy-Water Nexus

Presentation by Darryl Day, previously General Manager Remote Operations (Now Executive Director Energy Policy, Northern Territory Department of Mines and Energy, September 2013

02 Dec 13

Report

Water-Smart Power: Strengthening the U.S. Electricity System in a Warming World -- A Report of the Energy and Water in a Warming World Initiative (EW3)

With many US power plant being at the end of their live circle, there is a hugh chance remarkably reduce water usage for plant cooling and reduce the emission of global warming emissions. This report shows which decisions need to be made that will impact for decades the way power is generated

28 Nov 13

Policy Brief

Realising the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus

This policy brief provides an overview of Nexus Dialogues, the implementation of the nexus perspective in German development cooperation and present Nexus Initiatives which have emerged from the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference.

27 Nov 13

Research

The nexus across water, energy, land and food (WELF): potential for improved resource use efficiency?

By Claudia Ringler, Anik Bhaduri and Richard Lawford. Water, land and energy resources are all crucial contributors to food security. As a result of growing natural resource scarcity, the inter-connectedness of these sectors has become more apparent, as evidenced by growing tradeoffs and the incipient search for cross-sector efficiencies. Proactive engagement by the water, energy, land and food (WELF) sectors with important roles for national governments and international bodies is required to holistically assess and promote investment options that co-balance benefits across different sectors. Nexus assessments need to consider both human well-being and environmental outcomes, that is, the environment has to have “a seat at the table” for nexus analyses. Outcomes must also be evaluated for the poor, whose well-being is tightly interrelated but often in conflict with maintaining environmental integrity. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represent a globally significant test for the implementation of nexus thinking. In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, November 2013.

21 Nov 13

Handbook

Water in the Energy Industry - An introduction

This paper presents reults from BP’s collaboration with researchers from 13 leading universities revolving around the question: How do we humans use water to obtain energy in forms we need, and how is this way changing? The reseachers helped answering this question and many others connected to it in presenting reliable data, but also in looking into question such as how local water scarcity impacts energy production or how differenct energy pathways impact land, minerals, water and ecosystems

19 Nov 13

Project Fact Sheet

Integrated Resource Management in Asian Cities: The Urban Nexus

In the framework of this project up to ten selected cities in six Asian countries will be supported with a view to nexus-compliant integrated resource management. During the implementation period, the basis for an integrated resource management approach will be developed. The project focus is on the topics of secure water supply and sanitation systems, energy security and efficiency, land use, physical planning and food security. Moreover, an exchange of knowledge and experiences and the cooperation between public, private and civil-society stakeholders is essential.

12 Nov 13

Synthesis Report

Importance of Water to the United States Economy

The EPA, the US Environment Protection Agency, tries to help raise the awareness, how important water is - not just as a natural resource, but for the US national economic welfare. Therefore, EPA provides a summary of information on the matter for public and private decision-makers

11 Nov 13

Report

The Energy-Water Collision: Power and Water at Risk

As power plants heavily rely on water, water scarcity endangeres both water supply and power generation

08 Nov 13

Nexus Policy Forum 2013

Berlin2013: “Realizing the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus” - Programme

Tentative programme for the Berlin Nexus Policy Forum, as of 25 Nov 2013

01 Nov 13

Publication

Choke Point India

Circle of Blue has a special focus on India, called Choke Point India

30 Oct 13

Report

A Marshall Plan for Energy and Water Supply in Developing Countries

Many developing countries strive to achieve political stability, democracy and economic growth - none of which will be achieved without a the availability, accessibility and affordability of clean energy and water, as this report points out.

22 Oct 13

Publication

Resource Accounting for Sustainability

The nexus of inter-related issues concerning land use, water, energy, food and population presents a diversity of scientific, policy and management challenges. This book offers an approach for multi-scale, integrated assessment of this nexus. It presents a comprehensive and innovative method of integrated sustainability assessments, illustrated with three detailed case studies: the islands of Mauritius, the Indian state of Punjab, and the emerging economy of South Africa.

22 Oct 13

Report

California’s Water-Energy-Climate Nexus

This white paper is one of a series being written to facilitate the on-going dialogue among water and wastewater agencies, energy utilities, policymakers, regulators, customers, constituents, and other stakeholders as to the types of actions that can be taken to help achieve the state’s aggressive resource efficiency, economic and environmental goals. Some of these actions are achievable now, under existing policies, rules and regulations; others will require policy changes, new technologies and new business models. Much of it will require funding.

17 Oct 13

Report

Water Hungry Coal: Burning South Africa’s Water to Produce Electricity

South Africa already struggles with water scarcity, and it is predicted that the country will face a significant water crisis in the coming decade. Thus water scarcity could well become a fundamental development constraint in the future. Within this context, a range of choices are being made. Choices with major implications for water availability, poverty alleviation, job creation, electricity generation and energy access. One of these choices relates to the energy future of this country, which has economy-wide implications. The South African government and Eskom are making a clear energy choice at the moment: in favour of coal expansion, at the expense of access to scarce water resources, people’s health and affordable electricity. The coal mining and electricity industry contribute substantially to water pollution and scarcity, jeopardising the country’s ability to deal with an impending water crisis. Tragically, competition for this scarce resource may well culminate in conflicts over water. This means that the linkages between coal-fired electricity generation and water can no longer be ignored.

16 Oct 13

Discussion Brief

How Understanding Social Networks Can Help to Govern the Nexus: a Case from the Blue Nile Basin

This discussion brief is based on a scoping study of social networks linked to the governance of water, energy and food in the Tana and Beles basins in Ethiopia. The study highlights existing social networks relevant for governing the nexus and the implications of these for operationalizing a nexus approach.

09 Oct 13

Presentation

Developing a Nexus Assessment Package

Presentation on joint activities of the FAO and the German Development Cooperation by Ulrike Pokorski da Cunha, GIZ, held 2 Sep 2013 at the World Water Week Stockholm 2013

09 Oct 13

Budapest Water Summit

Budapest Statement (Draft)

The Budapest Water Summit, 8-11 Oct 2013, aims to formulate a recommendation for the UN General Assembly for setting the post-2015 development agenda in order to support one overarching Sustainable Development Goal on water and sanitation that can correspond and respond to multidimensional challenges. Hoping to ensure that the Budapest Water Statement reflects a wide variety of conditions and needs, participants have been invited in a view of a proper geopolitical and stakeholder balance. In addition, the organizers are also seeking comments on the draft of the Statement from all over the world.

08 Oct 13

Publication

The Water, Energy & Food Security Nexus - How to Govern Complex Risks to Sustainable Supply?

Study by Marianne Beisheim, German Institute for International and Security Affairs. In its 2013 report “Global Trends 2030”, the US National Intelligence Council described the interconnected risks in water, energy and food supply security as a “megatrend” that will gain global momentum in the near future. By 2030, demand for food, water and energy will have increased by 35, 40 and 50 percent, respectively. This will create new shortages and worsen those that already exist. The probable consequences – water scarcity, and food and energy crises – could endanger human health and destabilise political systems both within individual countries and beyond national borders. This comment focuses on the political dimension of such complex risks and outlines options for and barriers to their integrated governance.

24 Sep 13

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

Regional Workshop - Africa - Video

Video of the workshop that took place in Nairobi, 28-29 May 2013.

24 Sep 13

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

Regional Workshop - Africa - Presentation: “Trajectory to Nexus 2050”

Presentation from the regional workshop that took place in Nairobi, 28-29 May 2013.

24 Sep 13

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

Regional Workshop - Africa - Workshop Report

Report of the Workshop that took place in Nairobi, 28-29 May 2013. The aim of the Nexus Dialogue workshop was to identify the different options available as solutions for optimisation of cross-sectoral water, energy and food issues. Workshop participants were encouraged to identify the barriers to mobilisation of prioritised solutions and how these can be overcome.

18 Sep 13

Research

Water and Energy Nexus: A Literature Review

This Water-Energy Literature Review is offered as a snapshot of current understanding about the waterenergy nexus. It is meant to invite engagement and investments in future interdisciplinary research to target water use efficiency in the energy sector and energy efficiency, or reductions in energy intensities, in the water and wastewater sectors. While it constitutes a broad overview of national waterenergy research, this Review has been informed by the robust public-policy and utility-sector efforts to address the energy intensity of California’s water supplies across the water life cycle. Readers interested in more information about the waterenergy nexus are encouraged to delve deeper into the considerable literature reviewed in this document.

16 Sep 13

Book Publication

Thinking about Water Differently: Managing the Water-Food-Energy Nexus

This publication is the result of a scoping study initiated by the Asian Development Bank to better understand the issues associated with the water-food-energy nexus in Asia and the Pacific. It provides high-level guidance on the choices available to address the region’s water security issues. - The water-food-energy nexus is emerging as a critical issue in Asia and the Pacific. It is clear that solutions must be found to assure water security, thereby eliminating the immediate--and increasing--risk to food security, energy security, and economic growth and stability: water must be recognized as an economic as well as a social good. Governments need to be encouraged to think differently about water, take the longer-term view, and be mindful of the strategic and economic value of this limited resource.

10 Sep 13

Presentation at World Water Week 2013

Nexus Assessment in the MENA Countries

By Linus Mofor, IRENA Innovation and Technology Centre, September 2013

10 Sep 13

Presentation at World Water Week 2013

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

By Mark Smith, IUCN, September 2013

10 Sep 13

Presentation at World Water Week 2013

New partnerships: essential for bringing the Nexus to life

By Jeremy Bird, IWMI, September 2013

10 Sep 13

Water Papers

thirsty energy

The tradeoffs between energy and water have been gaining international attention in recent years as demand for both resources mount and governments continue to struggle to ensure reliable supply to meet sectoral needs. As almost all energy generation processes require significant amounts of water, and water requires energy for treatment and transport, these two resources are inextricably linked. This relationship is the energy-water nexus. - Section one of this paper examines the existing models, literature, and management frameworks on the nexus, as it seeks to determine what gaps exist. Section two describes the water demands of power generation in order to identify potential areas of future uncertainty and delineate areas where integrated energy-water management may improve the reliability of operating power plants and the viability of schemes. Finally, section three describes possible solutions that may alleviate challenges resulting from the link between energy and water by improving energy efficiency and integrating water resources management into energy planning.

10 Sep 13

Policy Brief

thirsty energy: Will Water Constrain Our Energy Future?

The world’s water and energy systems are inextricably linked. Significant amounts of water are needed in almost all energy generation processes, from generating hydropower, to cooling and other purposes in thermal power plants, to extracting and processing fuels. Conversely, the water sector needs energy – mainly in the form of electricity – to extract, treat and transport water. Both energy and water are used in the production of crops including those used to generate energy through biofuels.

09 Sep 13

Video

Understanding the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Interview with Alan Matthews, Professor Emeritus of Agricultural Economics at Trinity College Dublin

This interview took place at the IIEA after a seminar on “Understanding the Water-Energy-Food Nexus”.

09 Sep 13

Video

Understanding the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Interview with Karl Falkenberg, Director General in DG Environment at the European Commission

The interview took place at the IIEA after a seminar on “Understanding the Water-Energy-Food Nexus”.

05 Sep 13

Book Publication

The Status of the Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Asia and the Pacific

The debate on natural resource scarcity was recently reignited. New scientific findings suggest that humanity has exceeded the planetary boundaries, threatening its own safe operation. Five attributes characterize the new realism of physical and economic scarcity of key resources: lack of undeveloped resource preserves, challenges of exploiting new resources, emergence of new consumers, volatility of resource prices and broadening of actors in governing resources. Of all the natural resources, water, food and energy are most needed to sustain life on earth. These three resources are tightly interconnected, forming a resource and policy nexus. Their insecurity is an impediment to social stability and economic growth. This report traces the debate, analysis and action on the water, food and energy (WFE) security nexus. Considering the complex interactions of these three resources will require new institutional capacity in both industrialized and developing countries. For the nexus approach to achieve the twin goals of human well-being and green growth, sustainability must move center-stage, with attention given to ecosystem services. The increase in resource use in Asia and the Pacific region between 1970 and 2005 was above the world average. This economic growth resulted in the region’s reliance on fossil fuel sources. Countries in Asia and the Pacific region accounted for almost half the world’s CO2 emissions in 2008. The security of water, food and energy resources in the region has been compromised in parallel with decades of economic development. The fastest increase in water demand in Asia is now coming from the industry and urban households, not agriculture. For decades, economic growth in Asia has required ever-expanding amounts of energy. On food security, over 20 per cent of the undernourished populations live in South and South-West Asia, with the most acute problems in Afghanistan. Currently, there is only rudimentary understanding of the complex and pervasive connections between water, food and energy security in the region. This position paper reviews the region’s experiences with the interlocking effects of the WFE nexus, which results in challenges that cross two or even all three of the domains. Examples include biofuel; hydropower; thermoelectric production and water security; irrigation and food security; irrigation and energy security; food trade and virtual water, land and food security; and the intertwining effect of water production and energy security. The meaning of the nexus is further explored by using two case studies, namely Central Asia and the Mekong Basin. Not surprisingly, in existing policy frameworks, energy and water policies are developed largely in isolation from one another. The concluding section outlines five key areas of policy interventions needed to mainstream the nexus concept in Asia and the Pacific region.

03 Sep 13

Book Publication

On water security, sustainability, and the water-food-energy-climate nexus

The role of water security in sustainable development and in the nexus of water, food, energy and climate interactions is examined from the starting point of the definition of water security offered by Grey and Sadoff. Much about the notion of security has to do with the presumption of scarcity in the resources required to meet human needs. The treatment of scarcity in mainstream economics is in turn examined, therefore, in relation to how each of us as individuals reconciles means with ends, a procedure at the core of the idea of sustainable development. According to the Grey-Sadoff definition, attaining water security amounts to achieving basic, singlesector water development as a precursor of more general, self-sustaining, multi-sectoral development. This is consistent with the way in which water is treated as “first among equals”, i.e. privileged, in thinking about what is key in achieving security around the nexus of water, food, energy and climate. Cities, of course, are locations where demands for these multiple resource-energy flows are increasingly being generated. The paper discusses two important facets of security, i.e., diversity of access to resources and services (such as sanitation) and resilience in the behavior of coupled human-built-natural systems. Eight quasi-operational principles, by which to gauge nexus security with respect to city buildings and infrastructure, are developed.

26 Aug 13

The Energy-Water-Food Nexus

With the world’s population expected to reach over eight billion by 2030 and an increasingly prosperous middle class, Conservation International (CI) understands that one of the greatest global challenges is how to meet the growing demands for food, water and energy given our planet’s increasingly limited resources. According to U.N. estimates, by 2030 we will need 30 percent more water, 45 percent more energy and 50 percent more food—and climate change will exacerbate this stress even further. Synergistic solutions to address this energy-water-food nexus will be vital to achieve our shared goals to further develop healthy sustainable societies, economies and ecosystems.

19 Aug 13

Podcast

Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti on “The Climate and Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities for Transatlantic Security”

“We’ve got real pressure on key natural resources: food, water, energy, and land,” says Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti, the U.K. Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s special representative on climate change, in this week’s podcast. “But what we haven’t got, if I can use the words of Winston Churchill, we haven’t got ‘action this day.’”

07 Aug 13

Video

India - A Nation Heading Towards a Water-Food-Energy Choke Point

Circle of Blue, with the Wilson Center, is looking at what’s probably the most important drama unfolding on the planet today, and that’s the confrontation between water, food, and energy. Circle of Blue has created a project called Choke Point: U.S. Then backed up and said, “Let’s take a look at China.” Circle of Blue’s next Choke Point lens is to take a look at India, the world’s second-largest, second-most-populated nation.

01 Jul 13

Website

Scarcity in a Time of Surplus: Free Water and Energy Cause Food Waste and Power Shortage in India

As a result of farm policy that ensures a glut of food — India threatens its water supply, wastes energy, drains its treasury, and adds to its growing fiscal deficit.

23 Apr 13

Publication

The Climate-Water-Energy Security Nexus in Central Asia

As the international community observed the UN World Water Day, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were part of important talks at UN Headquarters in New York concerning water-sharing. These talks bring attention to a broader nexus of water, climate and energy security in Central Asia that is worth watching closely by both regional leaders and the international community.

16 Apr 13

Planning Tool

Foreseer - Future Resource Pathways

“The Foreseer tool visualises linked energy, water and land resource futures by outputting a set of Sankey diagrams for energy, water and land, showing the flow from basic resource (e.g. coal, surface water, and forested land) through transformations (e.g. fuel refining and desalination) to final services (e.g. sustenance, hygiene and transportation).”

22 Feb 13

Video

Water, Energy, Food - Nexus Thinking Explained

This motion infographic explains the importance of nexus thinking in our everyday lives and policy decisions. “Nexus thinking is a new way of thinking that recognises the crucial interdependence of water, energy and food - a relationship that forms the core of the Environment Nexus project. This new IIEA video explores the deep interconnections between the three essential resources and highlights the need for nexus thinking to help meet the world’s needs, as it grows from 7 to 9 billion by 2050.” The Environment Nexus project is co-financed by the European Parliament.

01 Feb 13

Publication

Sun-Powered Desal: A Gateway to Meeting MENA’s Water Needs

This publication by the World Bank is a timely source offering new ideas for integrating adaptation into policy making. The book’s recommendations, says the World Bank, will help ensure inclusive and sustainable climate mitigation actions throughout the MENA region, as promoted by a new World Bank special report on Adaptation to a Changing Climate in the Arab Countries launched in November 2012 at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP-18) in Doha, Qatar.

11 Jan 13

Video

Larry Swatuk on the Water-Energy-Food “Nexus”

Filmed at the STEPS/Soas “Not another nexus” event, October 2012.

09 Jan 13

Video

The WaterPost2015 Webisode Series: Episode 1

Conducted at the High-Level African Dialogue on the Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Nairobi, Kenya, experts interviewed stress the necessity of Water in a Post 2015 agenda and present their views on the importance of water Post 2015 and beyond.

02 Jan 13

Publication

Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds

The U.S. National Intelligence Council identifies the Water-Energy-Food Nexus as one of the mega trends for the coming decades. “The increasing nexus among food, water, and energy - in combination with climate change - will have far-reaching effects on global development over the next 15-20 years. In a tectonic shift, demand for these resources will grow substantially owing to an increase in the global population from 7.1 billion today to 8.3 billion by 2030.”

19 Dec 12

Presentation

Power and Water

held by Jasper Oduor, Executive Secretary of the East African Power Pool, at the African Dialogue on the Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Nairobi.

13 Dec 12

Publication

The Water-Energy Nexus: Adding Water to the Energy Agenda

The competition between water and energy needs represents a critical business, security, and environmental issue, but has not yet received the attention that it merits. Energy production consumes significant amounts of water; providing water, in turn, consumes energy. In a world where water scarcity is a major and growing challenge, meeting future energy needs depends on water availability - and meeting water needs depends on wise energy policy decisions.

13 Dec 12

Overview of the Water-Energy Nexus in the United States

State legislatures and natural resource managers have traditionally addressed water and energy as two separate issues. However, water and energy are deeply connected and sustainable management of either resource requires consideration of the other. Thus, resource managers and lawmakers across the country are beginning to take a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to the management of water and energy. This report provides overview information about the nexus between water and energy and provides a summary of state legislation addressing this issue.

11 Dec 12

Publication

The food security challenge of the food-land-water nexus in India

Two of the key factors that drive agricultural growth and food production in India are access to arable land and utilizable water resources. These are examined with particular reference to their regional variation in order to make an assessment of the magnitude of the food security challenge they pose for the country. Recent official estimates of groundwater exploitation in India are compared with actual negative physical, social and economic consequences of over-exploitation, as are evident in different regions, and their implications for national food security discussed. The analyses show that the real food security and water management challenge lies in the mismatch between water availability and agricultural water demand: high demands occur in water scarce but agriculturally prosperous regions and low demands in naturally water-abundant but agriculturally backward regions. Serious groundwater depletion problems, which occur in the naturally water-scarce but surplus food-producing regions, magnify the challenge. The small area of arable land per capita is a major reason for low agricultural water demand in regions that have abundant water. Sustainability of well irrigation in the naturally water-scarce regions, which is the backbone of India’s food security, could be achieved through judicious investment in surface water projects which encourage direct irrigation and replenishment of over-exploited aquifers. Other strategies include: pro rata pricing of electricity in the farm sector; volumetric pricing of water from public irrigation systems; improving the efficiency of utilization of green water or the rainwater held in the soil profile; preventing depletion of the residual soil moisture in the field after crop harvest by reducing the fallow period; and reducing the use of water through a shift to low water consuming crops.

10 Dec 12

Speech

Prince of Orange: “The water, food and energy nexus is an idea which is starting to gain traction.”

“The water, food and energy nexus is an idea which is starting to gain traction and this is encouraging. But to really make a change, all of us who care about the future of the planet and its passengers must commit to promote, advance and give meaning to the water, food and energy nexus.” Speech by the Prince of Orange during the High-Level African Dialogue on the Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Nairobi

23 Nov 12

Publication

Climate Change, Water and Energy in the MENA Region: Why a “Nexus” Approach is Crucial for Mitigation and Adaptation

This discussion brief, based on new SEI research in the MENA region, explains how a science-based “nexus” approach to adaptation and mitigation – specifically, to water and energy planning - could lead to smarter, more resilient development solutions.

31 Oct 12

Presentation

A Regional Perspective on Water-Food-Energy

held at the 10th European Conference: The Implementation of the Water Framework Directive Europe‐INBO, by Caner Aktaş, Boğaziçi University

29 Oct 12

Online Library

UN Documentation Centre on Water and Sanitation (UNDCWS)

A tremendous amount of valuable water and sanitation related information is generated every year by different agencies, programmes and initiatives of the United Nations system. Unfortunately this information is scattered, making it difficult for stakeholders to access relevant information on time in order to make informed decisions. Often, stakeholders are not familiar with the mandate of each agency, its main areas of competence and specific focus. Developed by the UN-Water Decade Programme on Advocacy and Communication (UNW-DPAC) with the support of the Municipality of Zaragoza, Spain, the UN Documentation Centre on Water and Sanitation (UNDCWS) acts as a clearinghouse on water and sanitation-related information materials produced by the United Nations system (programmes, agencies, etc.).

29 Oct 12

Publication

The Bioenergy and Water Nexus

This report, building on the work of various new initiatives including UNEP’s International Resource Panel, provides recommendations and outlines options in respect to bioenergy in support of a Green Economy. The report primarily addresses the following two questions: 1) how are the production and use of bioenergy products likely to influence the future state of water resources? 2) how can society mitigate impacts and guide development towards sustainable use of these resources, including groundwater, rivers, and riparian and wetland systems? In considering the ways in which bioenergy can impact water resources, the report identifies appropriate tools for assessing effects at different spatial and temporal scales. A number of indicators and assessment tools have been developed to include the water perspective in analyses and to assist strategy development and land use planning.

29 Oct 12

Report of the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)

Collective Responses to Rising Water Challenges

Water-related risks continue to place stress on economies and communities at both local and global scales. The financial impacts of floods, droughts, and overall water quantity and quality are rippling across the world as industries cope with the impacts of the massive floods in Thailand, the most severe US drought in 50 years, and the rising demand for water in developing economies. Swiss Re estimates that flooding impacts 500 million people every year and now rivals earthquake losses at $15B annually. High impact events like these and smaller, more acute local impacts contribute to the increase in reported water-related risk exposure from Global 500 respondents. In 2012, water-related impacts are being felt more broadly and more businesses have recognized these growing waterrelated risks than before. Across the board, respondents report more water-related risks and opportunities. More respondents are assessing water-related risks in their direct operations and supply chains and are also evaluating water-related opportunities. In addition, respondents report taking more tangible action to manage these issues and seize opportunities. However, despite increased awareness and activity among some respondents, the Global 500 response rate is static at 60% (191 companies); disappointing given the weight of investor interest in this issue and the increasing proportion of companies reporting water-related impacts, risks and opportunities. The Health Care sector has the highest response rate (77%) while Energy lags for the 2nd year running at just 44%; surprising considering this sector reports the highest exposure to risk. This report is based on analysis of 185 responses received by August 6, 2012 and investigates how companies are using collaborative approaches to solving some of the most complex water-related problems.

26 Oct 12

Policy Brief

Concretizing vagueness: new momentum for development through sustainable development goals?

One possible new impetus for development is the idea of so-called Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which has emerged in the run-up to the Rio+20 Summit. It is still unclear if these goals will find sufficient backing, what they would include and when they would be implemented. Yet, some important aspects have to be considered in order to avoid mentioned past shortcomings of both UN processes. A balance and interconnectedness of issues is essential both to emphasize the interlinkages and to address the criticism of an environmental bias in the Rio Process. Importantly, central issues like poverty eradication must not be neglected. Additionally, measuring success is of importance. Here, measuring techniques as well as the quality of data collection have to be taken seriously. Institutional backing is equally important. This is relevant for the structures of international governance of development which have to be embedded in competent institutions and for implementation on national and local level where often-praised “ownership” has to be realized. Content: From MDGs to SDGs? - Balancing issues - Interconnecting issues - Measuring success - Institutional backing - Strong signal for post 2015 - by Stine Klapper and Nicole Kranz

25 Oct 12

Research

Energy-water Nexus: Energy Use in the Municipal, Industrial, and Agricultural Water Sectors

Industrial processes rely on water for cooling, chemical solvents, cleaning, just to name a few. Forty percent of the worlds’ food is produced from irrigated lands. However, much of this would not be possible without energy; which is a critical input to pump, move, and treat the water required by municipalities, industries and agriculture. Ironically, however, much of this energy would not be available without water to turn turbines, wash inputs, or cool equipment. Thus in many cases use of one resource is inextricably linked to use of the other - hence, the energy-water nexus.

25 Oct 12

Presentation

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus and Climate Change in Southern Africa

Held at the Second Annual Conference on Climate Change and Development in Africa Addis Ababa, 19-20 October 2012, by Gisela Prasad, Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town

24 Oct 12

Research

Hydroclimatic shifts driven by human water use for food and energy production

Hydrological change is a central part of global change. Its drivers in the past need to be understood and quantified for accurate projection of disruptive future changes. Here we analyse past hydro-climatic, agricultural and hydropower changes from twentieth century data for nine major Swedish drainage basins, and synthesize and compare these results with other regional and global assessments of hydrological change by irrigation and deforestation. Cross-regional comparison shows similar increases of evapotranspiration by non-irrigated agriculture and hydropower as for irrigated agriculture. In the Swedish basins, non-irrigated agriculture has also increased, whereas hydropower has decreased temporal runoff variability. A global indication of the regional results is a net total increase of evapotranspiration that is larger than a proposed associated planetary boundary. This emphasizes the need for climate and Earth system models to account for different human uses of water as anthropogenic drivers of hydro-climatic change. The present study shows how these drivers and their effects can be distinguished and quantified for hydrological basins on different scales and in different world regions. This should encourage further exploration of greater basin variety for better understanding of anthropogenic hydro-climatic change.

24 Oct 12

Presentation

Rethinking Food Security: New Dynamics of Green Growth, Food-Water-Energy Nexus, Public-Private-Partnerships and the Changing Role of Rice

by Dr Larry C.Y. Wong, Program Director, TIES, held at the National Convention on Food Security in Malaysia, 15-16 Oct 2012, Putrajaya, Malaysia

23 Oct 12

Research

A Thirst for Power: A Global Analysis of Water Consumption for Energy Production

Award-winning research by Edward Spang, The Center for Water-Energy Efficiency (CWEE), University of California, Davis - Water and energy resource systems are fundamentally interrelated. Secure and reliable access to both resources is critical to basic survival, as well as ongoing economic development, at all scales and in every region of the world. At the most basic level, water is required in the production of energy, and energy is required in the treatment and transport of water – a linked relationship known as the water-energy nexus. While both sides of the water-energy nexus merit attention for improving resource use, this research effort focuses on the water requirements of energy systems and the associated implications for national water security.

18 Oct 12

Web Platform

UN-Water Activity Information System (UNW-AIS)

The UN-Water Activity Information System (UNW-AIS) is an online platform to present and share information on water-related projects and learning initiatives from UN-Water and its members, partners and programmes. UNW-AIS is a platform for UN-Water members, partners and programmes as well as a broader audience including policy makers, water professionals, researchers and those from higher education for sharing information and knowledge from global to local level.

17 Oct 12

Website

Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP)

This website is a resource for decision makers, researchers, and civil society at large to learn about the JMP’s activities, the status of water supply and sanitation coverage and its importance for our health and well-being, and to obtain detailed statistics about the use of water and sanitation facilities at different scales (global, regional and country-level). The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation is the official United Nations mechanism tasked with monitoring progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) relating to drinking-water and sanitation (MDG 7, Target 7c), which is to: “Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and basic sanitation”.

17 Oct 12

Policy Brief

The Oil Palm Sector: Community Grievances and Water Governance in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

This policy brief examines local impacts of oil palm cultivation in Indonesia, drawing on a participatory action research pilot study in one of the poorest provinces in Indonesia. Palm oil is a major source of biodiesel, the most common biofuel used in the European Union. It is also used in food, cosmetics and other products. Indonesia and Malaysia together are the world’s top producers of palm oil, accounting for nearly 90% of global production. The sector plays a pivotal role in Indonesia’s national economy, but although it has been shown to ease poverty for some, it has also had major negative impacts. This policy brief, based on a forthcoming SEI working paper, gauges the impacts of palm oil plantations from the perspective of local communities and identifies governance issues. It finds that local communities in Central Kalimantan Province have severe grievances, reporting that plantations pollute local rivers, lakes and aquifers, harming their drinking water and killing fish, and also dry up community wells.

17 Oct 12

Learning Platform

IW:Learn

IW:LEARN, the International Waters Learning Exchange and Resource Network, aims to strengthen transboundary waters management by facilitating global portfolio experience sharing and learning, dialogue facilitation, targeted knowledge sharing, and replication in order to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the Global Environment Facility’s international water projects.

17 Oct 12

Wiki Platform

Water Wiki

The IWA WaterWiki aims to provide a platform for the global water community to interact and share knowledge online. The site will be a reference for all areas of water, waste water and environmental science and management. This is the place for water professionals worldwide to interact, share knowledge and increase understanding.

17 Oct 12

Toolbox

Global Water Partnership Toolbox

The Global Water Partnership Toolbox is a free and open database with a library of background papers, policy briefs, technical briefs, perspective papers, case studies, and references aimed at helping water practitioners and professionals implement better approaches to managing water and learn more about improving water management at a local, national, regional or global level. The ToolBox also serves as a venue for engaging the broader water sector community through shared knowledge and network building.

17 Oct 12

Web Platform

Gender and Water Alliance

The Gender and Water Alliance (GWA) promotes women’s and men’s equitable access to and management of safe and adequate water, for domestic supply, sanitation, food security and environmental sustainability. GWA offers a number of resources on its website, notably its resource guide on gender and IWRM, aimed at assisting water and gender practitioners and professionals as well as persons responsible for gender mainstreaming.

17 Oct 12

Web Platform

Euro-Mediterranean Information System on Know-how in the Water Sector (EMWIS)

EMWIS is an initiative of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. It provides a strategic tool for exchanging information and knowledge in the water sector between and within the Euro Mediterranean partnership countries. All the countries involved in the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership are concerned: The 27 EU member states and 10 Mediterranean Partner Countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey). At the conference of the Euro-Med Water Directors (Rome, Nov. 2005), it was decided to open EMWIS to the Mediterranean countries not signatories of the Barcelona Declaration, i.e. Balkan countries and Libya.

17 Oct 12

Web Platform

Cap-Net - Capacity Building for Sustainable Water Resources Management

Cap-Net is an international network for capacity building in sustainable water management. It is made up of a partnership of autonomous international, regional and national institutions and networks committed to capacity building in the water sector. Networks have proven to be effective at promoting the understanding of integrated water resources management and play a key role in supporting the development of IWRM and the achievement of the MDGs.

17 Oct 12

Web Platform

African Regional Water Resource Information System (UN-Water/Africa)

The UN-Water/Africa (formerly IGWA) comprises many UN agencies, including the Economic Commission for Africa, United Nations Environmental Program, World Meteorological Organization, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,The United Nations Children’s Fund, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Water and Sustainable Development Programme in Africa, The New Partnership for Africa’s Development, African Development Bank Group. The collaboration began in 1992 as the Interagency Group for Water in Africa (IGWA) which was formed as African regional counterpart at the initiative of ECA of in response to a request by the UNACC Subcommittee on Water Resources, to coordinate and harmonize water activities in Africa by various UN and other subregional IGOs. The other objective of IGWA was to promote joint collaborative activities in water sector in Africa by these agencies. The UNECA was the Secretariat of IGWA s and continues to serve as the Secretariat of UN-Water/Africa. Members of UN-Water/Africa meet routinely to review progress, to exchange information and to plan follow-up-activities.

16 Oct 12

Publication

Water & Energy Nexus: Coordinated Federal Approach Needed to Better Manage Energy and Water Tradeoffs

Water and energy are inextricably linked and mutually dependent, with each affecting the other’s availability. Since 2009, GAO has issued five reports on the interdependencies between energy and water. These reports have shown that a considerable amount of water is used to cool thermoelectric power plants, grow feedstocks and produce biofuels, and extract oil and natural gas. Some of these sources of energy may also negatively affect water quality. In addition, developing oil and gas resources can produce wastewater— known as “produced water”—that must be managed or treated. Conversely, significant amounts of energy are needed to extract, transport, treat, and use water in urban areas. GAO was asked to identify key energy-water nexus issues that Congress and federal agencies need to consider when developing and implementing national policies for energy and water resources. To conduct this work, GAO systematically reviewed its five reports to identify key nexus issues. GAO also used a content analysis of related literature and interviews with specialists to validate these themes - by the U.S. Government Accountability Office, Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House of Representatives

15 Oct 12

Publication

Making Space for the River: Governance experiences with multifunctional river flood management in the US and Europe

This book examines recent developments in river (flood) management from the viewpoint of Making Space for the River and the resulting challenges for water governance. Different examples from Europe and the United States of America are discussed that aim to ‘green’ rivers, including increasing river discharge for flood management, enhancing natural and landscape values, promoting local or regional economic development, and urban regeneration. Making Space for the River presents not only opportunities and synergies but also risks as it crosses established institutional boundaries and touches on multiple stakeholder interests, which can easily clash. Making Space for the River helps the reader to understand the policy and governance dynamics that lead to these tensions and pays attention to a variety of attempts to organize effective and legitimate governance approaches. The book helps to realize connections between policy domains, problem frames, and goals of different actors at different levels that contribute to decisive and legitimate action. Making Space for the River has an international comparative character that sheds light upon both the country-specific governance dilemmas which relate to specific state traditions and institutional characteristics of national water management, but also uncovers interesting similarities which provide us with building blocks to formulate more generic lessons about the governance of Making Space for the River in different institutional and social contexts.

15 Oct 12

Publication

Water and Energy - Threats and Opportunities

This book creates an awareness of the important couplings between water and energy. It shows how energy is used in all the various water cycle operations and demonstrates how water is used – and misused – in all kinds of energy production and generation. Population increase, climate change and an increasing competition between food and fuel production create enormous pressures on both water and energy availability. Since there is no replacement for water, water security looks more crucial than energy security. This is true not only in developing countries but also in the most advanced countries. The western parts of the USA suffer from water scarcity that provides a real security threat. The book does not aim to show “how to design” or to solve some of the very intricate conflicts between water and energy. Instead it systematically lists ideas, possibilities and a number of results. There are a few more technical chapters that act as entry points to more detailed technical literature - by Gustaf Olsson

15 Oct 12

Article

Bridging the gap between water and economics

“Just how important is the nexus between water and the economy?” What was most inspiring about it was not so much that the event nailed the connection between water and the economy, but that the organisation is bringing together an interesting coalition of people who care about the environment with those who care about the economics of water - by Christopher Gasson, GWI

12 Oct 12

Publication

Food Energy Water: The Foundation Systems of Modern Society

By Arthur Jackson - Why does our society or any society function as it does? Many of the activities were established by social systems created in the past and are currently being maintained by the larger society. Other organized patterns of behavior seemed to have occurred spontaneously, without any specific organizing effort, but continue to control and govern behavior for very long periods of time.? Why are certain animals used for domestic stock and not others? Why is the method of farming in China and India so different from farming in America and Europe? Why are there so many more people in Asia and India than in the rest of the world? Was there some guiding principle that determined which patterns of behavior would dominate? To understand these process one must first understand the layers of systems controlling our world.

11 Oct 12

Research

Securing the Future of India’s “Water, energy and food”

This paper provides an initial, formal analysis for the design of an Indian food procurement system that considers climate driven variations in renewable water supply, the needs for groundwater pumping, varying regional productivity of crops and farm level economics, assuming that the food security goals are to be met while keeping current procurement prices fixed for each crop, and maximizing net aggregate farm income from the procurement system. The results suggest that net farm revenue could be doubled while eliminating the need for irrigation to meet the food requirements.

11 Oct 12

AgriWaterpedia

Water, Energy and Food Nexus

“The nexus approach embeds the opinion water, energy and food security cannot be achieved in single sector methodology. Considering the interlinkages between water, energy and land is crucial for achieving sustainable development objectives.” - Agriwaterpedia is an initiative to foster the provision of approaches and good practices, and to draw data from experiences and lessons learnt from a variety of development countries. The platform is also an instrument to trigger communication and actively promote knowledge exchange.

11 Oct 12

Global Hunger Index 2012

“The Challenge of Hunger: Ensuring Sustainable Food Security Under Land, Water, and Energy Stresses”

Recent events—drought, scrambles to invest in farmland around the world, shifts in energy prices, and shocks in energy supplies—underline the scarcity of resources we depend on to produce the world’s food supply. It is increasingly clear that sustainably feeding 9 billion people—the projected world population in 2050—who will consume at the rate of 12 billion people, if they follow the current consumption pattern of industrialized countries, will require a much more careful and integrated approach to the use of land, water, and energy than we currently apply.

08 Oct 12

Water Alternatives, Vol. 5/2012

Open for business or opening Pandora’s Box? A constructive critique of corporate engagement in water policy

The corporate world is waking to the realisation that improved water management is fundamental for future prosperity and human well-being. This special issue explores aspects of its response: from the application of an array of analytical tools such as water footprint accounting, risk filters and standards; water use efficiencies; derivatives and insurance mechanisms; to collaborative infrastructure and watershed projects; stakeholder engagement and attempts to influence water governance at all scales. Drawing on the papers in this issue the motivations for this new agenda are traced and its potential in helping to unlock some of our most intractable water challenges, or to open a Pandora’s box of controversies are considered. Key concerns include the potential for diverging corporate and public interests; policy and regulatory capture; privileging of economic over social perspectives; process inequities; displacement of existing water management priorities, and the risks of misguided interventions which undermine institutional and hydrological sustainability - with the financial support of Water Witness International, WWF, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and German Technical Cooperation (GIZ)

08 Oct 12

Presentation

Vital Assets - Investing in Water, Food and Energy

Food, water, energy and metals are the drivers of industrial, economic and social growth. As the world’s population rises and the clamor for higher living standards gets louder, so too the struggle for resource access intensifies. This crisis for mankind and our planet is simultaneously our greatest challenge, as well as a once in a lifetime investment opportunity for visionary investors. Institutional investors are now eager for solutions - by Global Fund Exchange LLC

08 Oct 12

Research Centre

UEA Water Security Research Centre

The Water Security Research Centre of the University of East Anglia (UK) applies natural and social science to address important theoretical, practical and policy challenges of managing water sustainably in a rapidly changing world. The Centre draws upon the unique skills and experience of internationally-renowned researchers in the UEA School of International Development and the UEA School of Environmental Sciences to address key water security and related issues from the individual to the global level through inter-disciplinary research, teaching and capacity-building.

28 Sep 12

Animation

Nature in Water Security

Water resources vital to human well being and human activities are a product of nature. Through services that ecosystems perform, water flows are regulated and water quality is improved. These are just two of the valuable functions by ecosystems that benefit human populations. To be viable in the long run, any measures to achieve water security must include the conservation of upstream ecosystems such as forests. It is not only an environmental necessity but an economic one as well. Watershed protection is a low cost option that to be pursued prior to other more costly infrastructure alternatives. - by Jeffrey Cowan M. The film “Nature in Water Security” is the centerpiece of Jeffrey’s Master of Environmental Studies thesis at The University of Pennsylvania.

28 Sep 12

Handbook

Handbook of Land and Water Grabs in Africa - Foreign Direct Investment and Food and Water Security

According to estimates by the International Land Coalition based at the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 57 million hectares of land have been leased to foreign investors since 2007. Current research has focused on human rights issues related to inward investment in land but has been ignorant of water resource issues and the challenges of managing scarce water. This handbook will be the first to address inward investment in land and its impact on water resources in Africa. The geographical scope of this book will be the African continent, where land has attracted the attention of risk-taking investors because much land is under-utilised marginalized land, with associated water resources and rapidly growing domestic food markets. The successful implementation of investment strategies in African agriculture could determine the future of more than one billion people. An important factor to note is that sub-Saharan Africa will, of all the continents, be hit hardest by climate change, population growth and food insecurity. Sensible investment in agriculture is therefore needed, however, at what costs and at whose expense? The book will also address the livelihoods theme and provide a holistic analysis of land and water grabbing in sub-Saharan Africa. Four other themes will addressed: politics, economics, the environment and the history of land investments in sub-Saharan Africa.

27 Sep 12

Illustration

Visualizing Water

In a poll taken last year, The Nature Conservancy found that 77% of Americans have absolutely no idea where their water comes from. This lack of understanding about how water is delivered to our homes is symptomatic of broader water illiteracy - too few understand the basic workings of global or local water cycles, how much water we use in our homes, factories, or farm fields, how water shortages develop, or how our use of water might affect the health of natural ecosystems. If we don’t understand these basic characteristics of water and its use, we likely won’t understand how we can use water more sustainably, or what we should expect of other water users or managers. In the past few months Brian Richter has been working with Jason Pearson of TRUTHstudio to develop some graphical illustrations of our water sources and uses.

27 Sep 12

Animation

“What if I told you: you eat 3.496 litres of water”

Animation on virtual water: “Eating water might sound strange, but you are about to discover that actually you eat loads of it, you are addicted to it, and you don’t know it. An understanding of our water consumption can help us provide a solution to one of our most pressing problems: making sure there is enough water for everybody on the planet.”

27 Sep 12

Roundtable on Water Security

Sec State Hillary Clinton: “Access to clean water is critical”

Hillary Clinton speaking to the UN Roundtable on Water Security: “Water scarcity could have profound implications for security... I think water should be a priority in every nation’s foreign policy and domestic agenda, and we need to work together to advance cooperation on shared waters.”

26 Sep 12

Video

Solutions for a Food-Secure World

World Economic Forum Annual Meeting of the New Champions 2012 - Andy Wales (SABMiller) reports from the session on food security: The water-food-energy nexus is at the core of this discussion, and people are now embracing the complexity, rather than fearing it. There are lots of synergies in seeking solutions that tackle each aspect of the nexus, and this bodes well for acceptance and scaling of solutions.

25 Sep 12

Website

GrowingBlue

This site is meant to serve as a resource for credible, accurate information on water. It is also aimed at increasing global awareness of our water challenges and the need for thoughtful solutions. In that regard, we hope Growing Blue is a catalyst and platform for dialogue on this important topic. Water is one of the most critical factors in determining how and at what pace our world can support humanity’s continued growth. That story needs to be told with a greater voice and to a broader audience, now and in the future. In consultation with industry colleagues, scientists, academia and environmental professionals at leading NGOs, Growing Blue was created by Veolia Water in consultation with The Nature Conservancy, the Clean Water America Alliance, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, the United Nations Global Compact CEO Water Mandate, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, Global Water Intelligence and Cardno ENTRIX.

24 Sep 12

Publication

Why water integrity matters for food security

This paper highlights how corruption issues in the water sector form a threat to global food security. It provides an overview of corruption risks affecting the food production chain, and summarises best approaches and concrete measures to increase water integrity for food security. The paper serves as background information for the seminar Promoting Integrity and Transparency in Water for Food at the Stockholm World Water Week 2012, jointly organised by the Water Integrity Network(WIN), the UN Development Programme Water Governance Facility (WGF) and Transparency International (TI).

24 Sep 12

Blog

Water Challenge

A blog by Peter Brabeck-Letmathe - The Water Challenge blog by Nestlé Chairman Peter Brabeck-Letmathe aims to create discussion about the important issue of water availability around the world.

24 Sep 12

Water balance of global aquifers revealed by groundwater footprint

Groundwater is a life-sustaining resource that supplies water to billions of people, plays a central part in irrigated agriculture and influences the health of many ecosystems. Most assessments of global water resources have focused on surface water, but unsustainable depletion of groundwater has recently been documented on both regional and global scales. It remains unclear how the rate of global groundwater depletion compares to the rate of natural renewal and the supply needed to support ecosystems. Here we define the groundwater footprint (the area required to sustain groundwater use and groundwater-dependent ecosystem services) and show that humans are overexploiting groundwater in many large aquifers that are critical to agriculture, especially in Asia and North America.

24 Sep 12

Presentation

The Nexus of Forests, Food, Agriculture, Energy, Water and Poverty in A Dynamic World of Globalization, Climate Change and Technological Change

Implications for Future Financing for “Optimal Land Use” - by Uma Lele, CPF Organization Led Initiative (OLI) on Forest, Rome, 19 Sept 2012

21 Sep 12

Video

Implementing the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus in the Nile Basin

Presentation video of Guy Pegram, Pegasys, at the World Water Week 2012

18 Sep 12

Conference Proceedings

Balancing Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability: Focusing on Food-Water-Energy Nexus

A major international conference was held by CEP-BCI in February 2012. The conference benchmarked GMS economic growth between 2001 and 2010 and its impact on environmental and social development as well as provided an outlook for the next decade. Topics discussed included known and emerging economic, environmental, and climate change challenges in the context of food, water and energy security, and participants charted out key strategic thrusts for the coming decade. More than 233 delegates, including senior government officials from the GMS countries, private sector representatives and development partners attended. The conference outcomes have provided important inputs to the GMS program in general, and CEP-BCI Phase II in particular. During the next decade, emphasis will need to be placed on the management of food, water and energy resources in the GMS, which requires a careful balance of economic and environmental interests and better management of natural resources.

17 Sep 12

Publication

Water-Energy Nexus: Solutions to Meet a Growing Demand

Water and energy are vital to the prosperity of the United States. We describe intimate but easily overlooked connections between the two resources: energy production relies on enormous amounts of water, and developing and delivering water supplies consumes large amounts of energy. As demand for both water and energy is expected to increase with population growth, we describe the challenges to addressing limited water and energy supplies. Obstacles exist at all scales and demand involvement of stakeholders, experts, and policymakers. In particular, we argue that because of the ubiquitous nature of the nexus between water and energy, a large-scale or system view is required to address both resource supplies together. This report will highlight some of the challenges we face in securing our energy and water resources, important steps to drive solutions, and the role of federal government to help us achieve a sustainable future. - By the American Geophysical Union (AGU)

17 Sep 12

Video

Rethinking Human Security: The Nexus on the Ground

In the final installment of the Global Resource Nexus Series, Junior Fellow Corey Johnson examines the everyday politics behind resource allocation and consumption. He examines the role resources play in causing migration, and the importance of cities in understanding and addressing the resource nexus.

17 Sep 12

Strategic Analysis Paper

The Food, Energy and Water Nexus (FEW) and Gross National Happiness in Bhutan

The complex interplay of food, energy, and water demand and supply poses numerous policy challenges, especially in the context of expanding population sizes, rising standards of living, and resource management constraints due to sustainable environmental practices.1 Bhutan provides an interesting illustration of how these issues can be addressed holistically, in a relatively socially responsible, economically beneficial and environmentally sustainable way. By Paula Hanasz, Future Directions international

14 Sep 12

Presentation

Main Outcomes of the High Level Panel on the Water, Food and Energy Nexus at the WWF 2012

by Alain Vidal CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food

14 Sep 12

Presentation

Rising prices, rising environmental regions?

Constructing a multi-level governance framework for the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus in the SADC region - by Inga Jacobs, Water Research Commission (WRC), and Manisha Gulati, WWF South Africa

12 Sep 12

Presentation

Innovations in managing the agriculture-groundwater and energy nexus: Evidence from three states in India

by Aditi Mukherji, IWMI

12 Sep 12

Presentation

Launching a New Analytical Platform to Explore the Water-Energy Nexus

by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), with funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the California Energy Commission

11 Sep 12

Website

2013 Year of Water Cooperation

The website for the Year of Water Cooperation is now online. The objective of this International Year is to raise awareness, both on the potential for increased cooperation, and on the challenges facing water management in light of the increase in demand for water access, allocation and services. The Year will highlight the history of successful water cooperation initiatives, as well as identify burning issues on water education, water diplomacy, transboundary water management, financing cooperation, national/international legal frameworks, and the linkages with the Millennium Development Goals. It also will provide an opportunity to capitalize on the momentum created at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), and to support the formulation of new objectives that will contribute towards developing water resources that are truly sustainable.

07 Sep 12

Portal

The Guardian Water Hub

Guardian Sustainable Business brings together the best sustainability news, comment and analysis from across the web. It collates expert opinion, features blogs from leading sustainability experts and showcases best practice in corporate sustainability. SABMiller is the official partner of GSB’s Water hub which explores the issue of water scarcity; addressing the development and implementation of water sustainability and the role that business has to play in reducing water usage.

07 Sep 12

Integrated Planning Tools

WEAP - Water Evaluation And Planning

Freshwater management challenges are increasingly common. Allocation of limited water resources between agricultural, municipal and environmental uses now requires the full integration of supply, demand, water quality and ecological considerations. The Water Evaluation and Planning system, or WEAP, aims to incorporate these issues into a practical yet robust tool for integrated water resources planning. WEAP is developed by the Stockholm Environment Institute’s U.S. Center. WEAP Hightlights: Integrated Approach: Unique approach for conducting integrated water resources planning assessments - Stakeholder Process: Transparent structure facilitates engagement of diverse stakeholders in an open process - Water Balance: A database maintains water demand and supply information to drive mass balance model on a link-node architecture - Simulation based: Calculates water demand, supply, runoff, infiltration, crop requirements, flows, and storage, and pollution generation, treatment, discharge and instream water quality under varying hydrologic and policy scenarios - Policy Scenarios: Evaluates a full range of water development and management options, and takes account of multiple and competing uses of water systems - User-friendly interface: Graphical drag-and-drop GIS-based interface with flexible model output as maps, charts and tables - Model integration: Dynamic links to other models and software, such as QUAL2K, MODFLOW, MODPATH, PEST, Excel and GAMS

06 Sep 12

Publication

Energy and Water: Connection and Conflict - Drought’s Impact on Energy Production and Water

In order to help understand the relationship between water and our nation’s energy production, Rep. Ed Markey (D-Mass.) released a new report today detailing the connection between energy production and water use. The report highlights solutions to address water resources as the population grows and the climate continues to warm. The report, “Energy and Water: Connection and Conflict”, makes the case that to meet future energy demand, the U.S. will need to ensure that water resources are easily accessible and reliable.

06 Sep 12

Publication

The Water and Food Nexus: Trends and Development of the Research Landscape

The report, “The Water and Food Nexus: Trends and Development of the Research Landscape” analysed the major trends in water and food-related article output at international, national and institutional levels. Elsevier and Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) worked closely together on creating the report, which is based on the analysis of Scopus citation data by Elsevier’s SciVal Analytics team. The aim of this report is to provide a transparent view of the water research landscape and the key players within the field, which is becoming more dynamic, complex and, in some places, fragmented. The report clearly shows that water research is growing in new places and becoming increasingly interdisciplinary, where collaboration is a key factor in producing high impact research.

05 Sep 12

Water Stewardship

The Impact of Crisis on Water Stewardship in the UK Food and Grocery Industry

This report highlights the impact of drought on resilience in the food and grocery industry and the need for greater levels of collaboration on water stewardship, including recommendations for businesses and lessons learned & next steps.

05 Sep 12

Video

Taste the Waste of Water

Global food losses and waste add up to more than a quarter of our water use for irrigation. Equivalent to the water withdrawn for the industrial sector worldwide. McKinsey calculates the value of annual global food waste at US$ 252 billion. The value of wasted food is almost double the sum spent on official aid for development.

05 Sep 12

Presentation

The Nexus of Energy, Water and Food in Northeastern Thailand

by Orn-uma Polpanich, Chayanis Krittasudthacheewa and Eric Kemp-Benedict, SEI

05 Sep 12

Presentation

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus: A Business Perspective

by Erwin Nijsse, Program director Natural Resource Stresses, Shell

04 Sep 12

Presentation

Dams on the Mekong River: Lost fish protein and the implications for land and water resources

by Stuart Orr, WWF International

04 Sep 12

Presentation

Crossing Water, Food, and Energy Nexus Boundaries in the Middle East

Green Cities, Integrated Resource Planning Approach and Trade-offs to Meet a Green, Sustainable Economy. By Jay Witherspoon, Mark Anderson, Avinash Pathwardhan, and Jared Thorpe, CH2M HILL

03 Sep 12

Presentation

Towards a Green and Growing Economy with the Water, Energy and Food Nexus

by Joachim von Braun, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn

03 Sep 12

Presentation

The Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

A global dialogue platform for best practices and optimisation of multi-purpose water infrastructure. By Mark Smith, Director IUCN Global Water Programme Gland, Switzerland

03 Sep 12

Presentation

Eye on Mongolia: Facing the water, sanitation and food security challenge

by Jürgen Hofmann, IGB (Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries), D. Tuul, PSARI (Plant Science and Research Institute, Darkhan), and B. Enkhtuya, AUD (Agricultural Unviersity Darkhan)

03 Sep 12

Presentation

Lake Winnipeg and Remote Nexus Influences

by Rick Lawford, Senior Scientist, Morgan State University Associate, IISD, and Hank Venema VP, IISD

30 Aug 12

Website Relaunch

Water Futures Partnership

Since 2009, the Water Futures Partnership – composed of SABMiller, WWF, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GIZ (working on behalf of the German Ministry for Development Cooperation BMZ), and our local partners – has been building the business case and creating mechanisms for companies to engage in local collective action to help address shared water risks facing businesses, communities and ecosystems. Now they are taking a fresh look at the Nexus: Water, Food and Energy are interconnected: agriculture accounts for about 70% of global freshwater use and can pollute freshwater supplies if mismanaged. Water is also used to generate electricity: in the USA, power generation accounts for about 50% of all freshwater withdrawals and drought in countries that use hydropower - Ethiopia and Ghana, for example - can lead to black-outs. Energy, in turn, is needed to fertilise and transport crops, which can themselves be used as biofuel to create energy. Large amounts of energy are also required to pump water to drier regions and, as water scarcity increases, so will the energy needed for technologies such as desalination. Given these trade-offs and interactions, successfully addressing the triple challenge of water stress, food security and energy supplies means taking a holistic view and balancing the many competing demands. This animation takes a fresh look at the Water-Food-Energy Nexus.

30 Aug 12

NEXUS Wiki

Agriwaterpedia

Agriwaterpedia is an initiative to foster the provision of approaches and good practices, and to draw data from experiences and lessons learnt from a variety of development countries. The platform is also an instrument to trigger communication and actively promote knowledge exchange. Aggriwaterpedia is a major step towards closing this knowledge gap - a tool in discussing strategies and challenges related to agricultural water use on a global scale. Initiated by GIZ, the platform was launched during World Water Week 2012 on 28 August. Wiki Workspace focuses on climate change, agricultural water management, food security, with good practices and tool box.

28 Aug 12

Video

The Food, Water, Energy and Ecology Nexus

Video description of the NEXUS. Looking at a practical example of the interconnectivity in the natural and human environment between the food, water and energy. An initial introduction and perhaps inspiration for those looking to produce better examples of how the Nexus might influence them.

27 Aug 12

Animation

The Water, Energy and Food Nexus

Using nexus thinking around water, energy and food leads to positive feedback loops and a brighter future for all - by SABMiller

24 Aug 12

Research Project Outline

Scoping the Water-Energy-Pollution Nexus in Urumqi and Qingdao

This pilot project is a scoping study on how PRC’s current co-control analytical methods can be expanded to quantify interactions between water and energy as well as carbon and air pollutants. PRCEE’s scoping paper will lay out a roadmap for a larger research initiative to create more robust analytical tools for a co-control policy program for PRC’s 13th Five-Year Plan. The research and analysis will result in a knowledge-based product that comprises a comprehensive three-part, online, multi-media report from the field. They will lead to a better understanding of low carbon pilot projects.

23 Aug 12

Poster

Maximising the Benefits: Water, Food and Energy Matrix

by Victor Muyeba and Jackson Mulenga, Devolution Trust Fund, Zambia

16 Aug 12

Publication

Large-scale Water Storage in the Water, Energy and Food Nexus. Perspectives on Benefits, Risks and Best Practices

The paper provides an overview of the current status of large scale artificial water storage development and its functions in the water, energy and food security nexus. The paper presents a typology of water storage structures and provides an analysis of the risks, benefits and trade-offs posed by different storage options. It also highlights good practices and lessons learned from past experiences and explores emerging opportunities for water storage schemes to enhance water, energy and food security in the future.

13 Aug 12

Video

The Global Resource Nexus: An Overview

Transatlantic Academy Senior Fellow Philip Andrews-Speed, gives a brief introduction to the 2011-2012 Collaborative Report “ The Global Resource Nexus: The Struggle for Land, Energy, Food, Water and Minerals.” He describes the methodology behind the report and offers a deeper explanation of the resource nexus.

13 Aug 12

World Water Week Stockholm 2012

FAO Programme @ Stockholm 2012

This year, the overarching theme of the World Water Week in Stockholm is Water and Food Security. Feeding the world population in the future with limited water resources means that we have to become better at growing more “crops per drop” as well as revisit our thinking regarding how we produce, consume, and trade food from a water perspective all along the food chain. The Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) is one of the key collaborating partners for the 2012 water and food security theme, along with the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

08 Aug 12

Publication

Climate change, water stress, conflict and migration

The presentations during the conference on climate change, water, conflict and migration, held on 21 September 2011 in The Hague, the Netherlands, have been bundled as papers.

16 Jul 12

Messages for Rio

New Drivers for Sustainable Urban Development - Key Messages on Green Urban Economy from Bonn to Rio

Three focal areas need to be addressed for a transition to a Green Urban Economy, which promotes environmental well-being and improved quality of living for all income groups (i.e. Green Jobs and Poverty Eradication; Financing and Green Investments; Effective Governance and Institutions). The messages and their conditions offer potential ways to address environmental and social concerns in an economically viable way at the local level.

12 Jul 12

Presentation

Nexus - Linking systems, resources and actors

by Peter Stigson, Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL), held on 3 July 2012 at the Chinese Academy of Science, Institute for Policy and Management (CAS/IPM)

10 Jul 12

Video

Investment opportunities in energy, water and food security

James Cameron of Climate Change Capital on the investment opportunities in the NEXUS

06 Jul 12

Webinar Recording

The Water-Energy Nexus

This webinar explores the interconnections and interdependencies between water and energy — a topic that is rapidly becoming a priority area of focus in British Columbia and across North America. The guest speakers address the water-energy nexus in British Columbia’s energy sector and explore water conservation and efficiency as a possible path to realizing future energy savings for municipalities in Ontario. Speakers: Ben Parfitt, Resource Policy Analyst, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives B.C. Office, Research Associate, POLIS Water Sustainability Project; Carol Maas, Innovation and Technology Director, POLIS Water Sustainability Project; Heather Cooley, Co-Director of Water Program, Pacific Institute

05 Jul 12

The World’s Large Dams: Almost 7,000 and Counting

A map of the world’s 6,862 large dams

02 Jul 12

Publication

Burning Our Rivers – The Water Footprint of Electricity

It takes water to produce electricity. As many Americans retreat to air-conditioned environments to get out of the heat, the flame increases under our limited freshwater resources. The electrical energy used to create our comfort zones requires massive withdrawals of water from our rivers, lakes and aquifers to cool down nuclear, coal and natural gas power plants. Some of this water is evaporated while the majority of this water is warmed up—causing thermal pollution—killing aquatic life, increasing toxic algae blooms and decreasing the sustainability of our water supplies.

02 Jul 12

Presentation

“The Efficient City of the Future”

Presentation by Kala Vairavamoorthy, Patel School of Global Sustainability, University of South Florida

29 Jun 12

Video

Energy-water-food: the resource consumption puzzle

On his first day at TEDGlobal 2012 in Edinburgh, Norbert Both, VP Corporate Communications at Shell, talks about his first impressions of the event where Shell is encouraging the debate around new energy solutions.

23 Jun 12

Communiqué

Business Leaders to Heads of Governments attending Rio+20 Summit: “Make Water Sustainability A Priority!”

As you gather for crucial deliberations on the occasion of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (“Rio+20 ”), we wish to urge you to take decisive action during and after this Summit on one of our world’s great challenges – water. Water is well recognized as one of the critical sustainability challenges of the 21st century. Problems related to water availability, quality, and sanitation are undermining development in many regions of the world – exacting an enormous human cost while also undermining critical life-giving ecosystems. At the same time, it is important to consider the strong linkages between water-related challenges and other sustainability issues, including energy, arable land and food security. Indeed, water is a profoundly cross-cutting issue. The escalating water crisis is the impetus behind the UN Global Compact’s CEO Water Mandate initiative, launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in July 2007 and today endorsed by nearly 100 major corporations, representing hundreds of billions of dollars in revenue. The endorsers of the CEO Water Mandate are eager to collaborate more actively with Governments at all levels.

22 Jun 12

Policy Brief

FAO Support to Decision-Making for Sustainable Bioenergy - Making Bioenergy Work for Climate, Energy and Food Security

The rapid development of bioenergy, and in particular liquid biofuels, has generated considerable debate regarding their sustainability, and in particular the so-called “food versus fuel” competition. The links between bioenergy and food security are complex and multi-faceted. Making bioenergy development sustainable becomes even more challenging when one tries to capture its potential rural development, climate and energy security benefits. A sound and integrated approach is required in order to address these links and promote both “food and fuel”, and ensure that bioenergy contributes to sustainable development.

21 Jun 12

UN-Water

Water for Life Decade

Water for Life Decade website by UN Water with updated information on Water in Rio+20

21 Jun 12

Report of Side Event at Rio+20

Mountain Knowledge Solutions for Sustainable Green Economy and Improved Water, Food, Energy, and Environment Nexus

Co-chaired by Keshab Man Shakya, Minister of Environment, Science and Technology, Nepal, and Pema Gyamtsho, Minister of Agriculture and Forests, Bhutan, this side event highlighted local, national and regional knowledge-based solutions that are inclusive and supportive to the water, food and energy nexus and have promoted green growth strategies and reduced poverty. Organized by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), the Government of Nepal, Mountain Partnership, Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), EVK2CNR, Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA).

21 Jun 12

Presentation

Confronting scarcity: Managing water, energy and land for inclusive and sustainable growth

Presentation on the ERD 2011/12 by Dirk Willem te Velde and Imme Scholz, given at the UNCSD (Rio+20) on 19 June 2012

21 Jun 12

Press Release

Sustainable Development Goals: From “silo thinking” towards an integrated approach

Yesterday, the European Commission and the Government of the United Kingdom organised a side-event at the Rio+20 Conference to present the European Report on Development (ERD) 2011/2012 and discuss its findings in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals. Following the launch of the report in Brussels in May, a number of other events have been organised throughout Europe to present and debate its findings on national level, involving civil society, governments and media. The series of events led to the Rio+20 Conference.

19 Jun 12

Messages for Rio

Sustainability is Essential for Development

Interview with Stephan Opitz, Director General of KfW, on the Rio+20 conference and the work of KfW. On the occasion of the UN-conference Rio+20 he explains how Germany’s promotional bank implements this task. KfW promotes sustainable projects and programmes in developing and transition countries in areas such as water supply, food security and energy and is in this way supporting a “green economy” in its partner countries.

18 Jun 12

Messages for Rio

CGIAR Call to Action

CGIAR calls for a focus on the entire agricultural landscape as an integrated system, which recognizes that isolated solutions will not reduce risks or achieve required progress in the same way as integrated approaches will. CGIAR calls for a focus on harmonizing food security and environmental sustainability through agricultural research and development. This will require us to minimize the harmful effects of agriculture on the environment through more efficient management of water, soils and agricultural inputs. CGIAR calls for the sustainable management of complex agricultural systems while maximizing agricultural productivity and improving the livelihoods and food/nutrition security of the poor.

18 Jun 12

Publication

Contribution of Himalayan Ecosystems to Water, Energy, and Food Security in South Asia: A nexus approach

In the face of climatic and other socioeconomic changes, most South Asian countries having large and growing population, limited land resources, and increasing water stress face a common challenge of how to grow more food with the same or less land, less water, and increased energy prices. This concept paper seeks deeper understanding of the interlinkages among water, energy, and food, which is crucial to formulate cross-sectoral policies for more resilient and adaptable societies. In South Asia, such a nexus approach inevitably needs to take Himalayan ecosystem services into account. Rice and wheat, the staple foods in South Asia, require huge amounts of both water and energy. The Indus-Ganges-Brahmaputra plain - the sub-region’s grain basket and one of the world’s largest areas of irrigated agriculture - depends in large part on the Himalayan mountain system as a source of both surface and groundwater for irrigation; as a source of hydropower; and as a regulator of climate and a repository of agro-biodiversity. To sustain these services and to ensure both upstream and downstream food, water, and energy security in South Asia, policies and strategies must therefore promote improved management of Himalayan watersheds, forests, wetlands, and rangelands. Recommended measures include support to restoration of natural water storage capacity; development of climate smart, environmentally and socially sound water infrastructure; adequate investment for natural resource management; and incentives to mountain communities for managing Himalayan ecosystems.

18 Jun 12

Messages for Rio

The Food Future We Want

Fairfood International has released “The Food Future We Want”, a set of documents outlining our demands of the food and beverage industry in respect to the priority areas of Rio+20. With the aid of these demands, we aim to show how the food and beverage industry is responsible for making changes to achieve a sustainable food economy and how the decisions made at Rio+20 can facilitate this. In this set of documents, six accompanying demand briefings are provided according to the six priority areas on the Rio+20 agenda. The six demand briefings aim to outline what we expect from food and beverage companies in accordance with their corporate responsibility. Each demand briefing includes a brief introduction to the issue at hand, the connection to the food industry, possible solutions, and a list of our demands. The six demands relate to: Decent jobs, Energy, Food security and Sustainable agriculture, Water, Oceans and Disaster readiness.

18 Jun 12

Messages for Rio

Water cluster three priorities for Rio+20

On 8 June, FAN Global submitted three top priorities on behalf of the WASH cluster to the NGO Major Group which will be compiled into a compendium along with all other cluster priorities. The final compendium will be attached to a document comprising of a brief introduction of agreed principles outlining key demands by all Major Groups.

18 Jun 12

Report

Building Alliances for People, Food, and Nature

An unconventional approach that involves building alliances between groups competing for limited land and water resources has the potential to dramatically increase food production, boost rural incomes, improve human health and restore degraded land, rivers and habitats, according to a report released today by a newly launched global coalition of leading research, advocacy and multilateral organizations. The coalition, known as the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative, a collaborative international initiative with ten co-organizers, warns, however, that world leaders must use the upcoming Rio+20 global sustainable development conference to dramatically scale up the”whole landscape” approach – if planet-wide food and environmental crises are to be averted. The whole landscape approach will figure prominently in discussions at Rio+20.

13 Jun 12

World Declaration

IHA at al.: Water Storage for Sustainable Development

The global increase in population, both rural and urban, and the socio-economic development with increasing living standards for all, will continuously raise the requirement for water, food and energy consumption. Populations will continue to concentrate in cities where the need for water, food and energy will be most acute. The rapid population growth and socio-economic development means that by 2050: The continuously increasing demands ofwater, food and energy will challenge the natural resources. We need to face this exceptional situation because at the same time.

13 Jun 12

Publication

HSBC: Exploring the links between water and economic growth

Population and economic growth are putting pressure on available fresh water resources worldwide. Uncertain water availability is a challenge that many countries face, which can impact economic growth. This ‘water challenge’, and its links to economic growth, has multiple dimensions, one of which is access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation services. Improved access has a direct positive impact on people and communities leading to significant social, economic and environmental benefits. This explains why a Millennium Development Goal (MDG) is “to reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015 compared with 1990 levels”. Water resource management at river basins is another key link between water and economic growth. Effective management of freshwater resources helps sustain agriculture, industries, ecosystems and communities. This executive summary focuses on the new findings from the report regarding the links between these two dimensions, and economic growth.

13 Jun 12

OECD Message for Rio

Not just for the rich: Green growth and developing countries

A few years ago, I was invited to present the OECD’s International Futures Programme at a meeting on long-term issues organised by the UK’s Foresight project. Each of us outlined our group’s approach to strategic questions, explaining why we chose a particular time horizon. Mostly it was what you’d expect (50 years at least in the energy business, a minute or less for financiers). The most surprising contribution, for me at least, was from the chief economist of a big mining group who said that they didn’t bother with strategic planning and that, in essence, when the price of a mineral went up they got out their shovels and started digging and when it dropped, they leaned on their shovels until the price rose again. If there was nothing left worth digging out, they looked at their geological surveys and moved elsewhere.

13 Jun 12

Publication

Water: Asia’s New Battleground

The battles of yesterday were fought over land. Those of today are over energy. But the battles of tomorrow may be over water. Nowhere is that danger greater than in water-distressed Asia. “Water: Asia’s New Battleground” is a pioneering study of Asia’s murky water politics and the relationships between freshwater, peace, and security. In this unique and highly readable book, Brahma Chellaney expertly paints a larger picture of water across Asia, highlights the security implications of resource-linked territorial disputes, and proposes real strategies to avoid conflict and more equitably share Asia’s water resources.

12 Jun 12

Publication

IISD/GWSP: The Role of Water in the Green Economy – A Perspective from the Water Science Community

Rio+20 aspires to create “the future we want,” an epochal economic transformation to sustainable production and consumption. The international water community shares this aspiration, though it requires major innovation in the way water is managed. The fundamental requirement of the green economy is that it delivers food, water and energy security for all, a requirement challenged by climate and land-use change and its key impact—more volatile and less secure water supplies. Water security underlies all dimensions of human health and well-being, and is fundamental to both food and energy production. The green economy is inconceivable without diligent and highly efficient stewardship of this precious resource from raindrop to tap and back to raindrop.

12 Jun 12

Publication

Sustainable water management through green economy?

Twenty years after the international community meeting in Rio de Janeiro agreed on the triad of ecological, economic and social sustainability, the subject of the green economy is gaining ground in debates on the environment and development. Many international organisations have developed their own definitions and programmes designed to boost economic growth, create jobs and protect natural resources all at the same time. In view of the ecological, social and economic problems caused by the overuse of natural resources and the continued increase in greenhouse gas emissions, the question of a sustainable economic order is more urgent than ever. Even the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, or the Rio+20 Summit for short, is dominated by the green economy debate, which is almost threatening to supplant the established concept of sustainability. Although it is emphasised that sustainable development remains the contracting parties’ principal objective and that the achievement of the green economy is only a means to that end, most of the proposed measures and the debates have so far focused on strengthening environmentally compatible growth, with little attention paid to possible unintended effects on society and ecosystems. For human development and ecosystems, however, the water sector plays a key role in the implementation of many green economy projects. This paper therefore analyses the extent to which the green economy may help the water sector to achieve sustainable development and to meet the major challenges. It reaches the conclusion that, while the attention paid to the water sector that accompanies the debate on the green economy is good, the concept has serious weaknesses.

11 Jun 12

Policy Recommendation

Briefing Note “Water for Energy” by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

This paper aims at identifying and recommending best practices and policies from global business to address the water-energy nexus, while outlining potential drivers of innovation.

10 Jun 12

Publication

Rio+20 – A Water Guide for Negotiators and Young Water Experts

Water will be a central component of the Rio discussions due to its role in the green economy. Furthermore, water management structures will be part of the discussions at the Summit. A strong unified front from the water community is required to assure that the agreements made at Rio produce positive and lasting results regarding water resources. This guide seeks to introduce the Rio+20 process and facilitate water stakeholders’ participation in the process.

08 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Sustainable access to food, energy and water

The main challenge of building a sustainable world is to ensure the right of each and every one of the world’s people to resources and basic services. Furthermore, we have the inescapable obligation to do so in a responsible manner for both us and the rest of species while ensuring the rights of future generations and without exceeding the carrying capacity of the Earth’s natural resources. The scale of this challenge is still tremendous.

08 Jun 12

Key Messages

Water: The Bloodstream of the Green Economy

Key messages to the 2012 Rio+20 Summit from the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI)

08 Jun 12

Publication

Nuclear Technology for a Sustainable Future – Water, Energy, Food, Ocean, Health

Nuclear technologies are used daily to find and protect sustainable sources of fresh water, produce energy and food, while providing researchers the tools to study the ocean’s past and predict its future. The IAEA helps its 154 member countries safely employ these technologies to ensure peace, health and prosperity throughout the world.

07 Jun 12

Video

Shell Company Video on the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

There is a growing awareness of the Energy-Water-Food Nexus, but the tendency is to consider each issue in isolation. A holistic approach to addressing the Nexus and the related issue of climate change is needed, as are new ways of working together.

07 Jun 12

Opening Speech

Germany’s Foreign Office Secretary of State Emily Haber opens the Presentation of the Report “The Global Resource Nexus: The Struggles for Land, Energy, Food, Water, and Minerals”

“The report is indeed timely and very pertinent to our efforts in finding answers to some of the great questions of our time: how do we handle resource scarcities? How do we tackle climate change and mitigate its consequences? How does the growth of world population affect the globe? And – of course – what does all this imply for foreign policy?”

04 Jun 12

Report

Resource Revolution: Meeting the World’s Energy, Materials, Food, and Water Needs

A joint report by the McKinsey Global Institute and McKinsey’s Sustainability & Resource Productivity Practice shows that the resource challenge can be met through a combination of expanding their supply and a step change in the way they are extracted, converted, and used. Resource productivity improvements that use existing technology would satisfy nearly 30 percent of demand in 2030. Fifteen areas, from more energy-efficient buildings to improved irrigation, could deliver 75 percent of the potential for higher resource productivity.

04 Jun 12

Concept Paper

The Water Security Nexus – Challenges and Opportunities for Development Cooperation

Is water the “gold of the 21st century,” potentially triggering “water wars” between countries sharing the precious resource? Such scenarios proliferated in the 1990s, but today a different paradigm is taking root. Politicians are beginning to emphasise the peace dividend of water cooperation; and development agencies are now supporting transboundary water cooperation projects around the world. And even at the highest level of political discourse, water cooperation has been identified as an entry point for broader peacebuilding.

04 Jun 12

Regional Options for Addressing the Water, Energy and Food Nexus in Central Asia and the Aral Sea Basin

This article explores the water, energy and food nexus in Central Asia as an avenue to seek regional solutions to common challenges. A benefit-sharing scheme was in place between the countries in the Central Asia in the Soviet Union era, but since independence unilateral action has been the norm. It is concluded that a regional integrative approach would be beneficial in the water, energy and food nexus. Collaborative options include exploring existing regional frameworks with a focus on additional investment in hydropower power generation, regional power market development, irrigation reforms, and addressing regional environmental public goods such as water flows and quality.

04 Jun 12

Research

Vulnerability of US and European electricity supply to climate change

In the United States and Europe, at present 91% and 78% of the total electricity is produced by thermoelectric (nuclear and fossil-fuelled) power plants, which directly depend on the availability and temperature of water resources for cooling. During recent warm, dry summers several thermoelectric power plants in Europe and the southeastern United States were forced to reduce production owing to cooling-water scarcity. Here we show that thermoelectric power in Europe and the United States is vulnerable to climate change owing to the combined impacts of lower summer river flows and higher river water temperatures.

01 Jun 12

Research and Reporting Project

Choke Point: China

The tightening “choke point” between energy demand and water supply jeopardizes China’s economic stability. That is the top-line finding of an the ongoing research and reporting project “Choke Point: China”, from Circle of Blue and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars China Environment Forum. The full series of articles, images and infographics – at the heart of the water-energy-food nexus – is online here. Circle of Blue – the network of leading journalists, scientists, data experts and conveners – continues its coverage of the nexus in China and around the world with new support from the Skoll Global Threats Fund.

01 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Key Messages on Water, Energy and Food to the Norwegian Government for Rio+20

Key messages developed during the seminar “On Food, Water and Energy - in the Context of Rio+20” by participants from Norwegian and international NGO’s during their working groups to the Norwegian Government

01 Jun 12

Research

“The Energy-Water-Food Nexus” Research Highlight of the Australian National University

“More research is needed to examine the interdependencies between energy and water to better inform policy makers how to improve the integration of these vital resources. “There has been very little research into how even the most dominant relationships between energy and water can be incorporated into regional, national and international policy development,” says Karen Hussey, “and once you throw food security into the mix the challenge is immense.”

01 Jun 12

Fact Sheet

Nile Basin Discourse: Water, Food and Energy Security in A Changing Climate

Climate variability is a problem in the Nile Basin and is increasing. Urgent solutions are needed to address the water-food-climate crisis. Many of the solutions need better cooperation and discussion between the Nile Basin riparian countries.

01 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Women’s Major Group Intervention “Food, Water and Energy”

The Women’s Major Group urges for constructive work on food, water, sanitation and energy. Women, youth and indigenous people are affected most by insuffient efforts to improve access and quality of services in these sectors. – by Rosa Lizarde

31 May 12

Rio+20 Voluntary Commitment

Mountain knowledge solutions for sustainable green economy and improved water, food, energy, and environment nexus

The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), working in close collaboration with the partners in its 8 regional member countries in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region, commits itself to generating knowledge solutions for sustainable nexus solution.

31 May 12

Speech

Prince of Orange: “The nexus should be central in thinking about a viable future for our planet”

Speech of HRH Prince of Orange during in interactive meeting in preparation of Rio on 30 May 2012 in Rotterdam

30 May 12

Video

The Water-Food-Energy-Climate Nexus

The World Economic Forum’s “Water Security: The Water-Food-Energy-Climate Nexus” provides a first-ever comprehensive assessment of the global water security problem and collects contributions from leaders of government, business, NGOs, academics, entrepreneurs, financial experts, journalists and many others to share their perspectives on the common water challenge we face today. The contributing authors, consisting of academics from Columbia University and international organizations such as the Asian Development Bank and International Finance Corporation and industry leaders such as Dow Chemical Company, Nestlé, PepsiCo and The Coca-Cola Company outline the challenges and how they impact not only business, but also society and the planet as a whole.

30 May 12

Presentation

Power and the Water, Food, Energy Nexus

by Andrew Etzinger, ESKOM, held on the SAWEF Conference in South Africa

30 May 12

Presentation

Water, Energy, Food Nexus: A Perspective Through Eyes of Water Policy

by Dr. Jerome Delli Priscoli, Institute for Water Resources, US Army Corps of Engineers, Governor World Water Council, Editor in Chief Water Policy, held on the SAWEF Conference in South Africa

30 May 12

Video

Energy, Water and Food Nexus: The Science of Optimization and Sustainability

The panel, “Energy, Water and Food Nexus: The Science of Optimization and Sustainability,” discusses how Qatar is addressing the issue of sustainability of resources and food security challenges.

30 May 12

Video

Water, Energy, and Food Security Nexus

Claudia Ringler, Deputy Director of IFPRI’s Environment and Production Technology Division, discusses the intersection of water, energy, and food security policies.

30 May 12

Water for Electricity: Resource Scarcity, Climate Change and Business in a Finite World

The need to keep climate change within safe thresholds will require rapid emission reductions, and widespread deployment of low-carbon technologies to help achieve them. Yet some low-carbon energy sources require considerable amounts of water – and given competing demands, resource depletion and projected climate impacts, sufficient water may not always be available. This report examines the potential impact of low-carbon electricity generation technologies on water resources – and how these water considerations might shape renewable-generation choices.

29 May 12

Water-Energy Nexus

No water, no energy. No energy, no water.

The interrelationship between water and energy goes around and around. Increasing demands on water from the private and public sectors are impacting the world’s ability to meet its energy needs. In parallel, the need for more and more water for agricultural, industrial and domestic uses requires more energy. A constraint in either resource limits the other, and this nexus of supply and demand poses substantial risks for virtually every government and every type of business.

29 May 12

Policy Paper

Deliverables by UN-Water

for the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

29 May 12

Statement

Water in a Green Economy

This statement reflects a collective opinion of the UN-Water Members and comprises recommendations to the participants of the UNCSD 2012 as well as a list of potential actions in support of green economic approaches.

25 May 12

Presentation

The Water-Energy-Food Nexus

Presentation by Prof Susan Bolton PhD, School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, University of Washington (USA)

24 May 12

Publication

The Global Resource Nexus: The Struggles for Land, Energy, Food, Water, and Minerals

Unless the transatlantic community takes the lead in addressing the challenges arising from the unprecedented global demand for land, energy, food, water, and minerals, severe market disruptions are likely to occur, as are increased chances of violent conflict at interstate and local levels in many “hot spots,” especially in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

21 May 12

Living Planet Report 2012

The Living Planet Report is the world’s leading science-based analysis on the health of our only planet and the impact of human activity. Its key finding? Humanity’s demands exceed our planet’s capacity to sustain us. That is, we ask for more than what we have. A new edition of the report was released on 15 May 2012.

16 May 12

European Development Report 2011-2012

Effective natural resource management for inclusive and sustainable growth in the context of increased scarcity and climate change: what role for the public and private sector?

This project undertakes the preparation of an the European Report on Development (ERD) 2012 researching this issue with the objective of presenting a report on effective natural resources management for sustainable and inclusive growth in the run up to the next RIO+20 Earth Summit in 2012.

12 May 12

G-Science Acadmies Statement 2012

Energy and Water Linkage: Challenge to a Sustainable Future

Needs for affordable and clean energy, for water in adequate quantity and quality, and for food security will increasingly be the central challenges for humanity:these needs are strongly linked.

04 May 12

Water Ethics

Newsletter “Water Ethics in the Green Economy”

The role of Water in the Green Economy was a major theme at the World Water Forum last month, and promises to be a central issue at Rio+20 and beyond. Ethical implications are everywhere, starting with framing the issue. Is it about how better water management can contribute to sustainable (Green) economic growth? Or is it about how green economic strategies can contribute to healthier water ecosystems?

26 Apr 12

Draft Agenda

International Water Stewardship Standard

The AWS International Water Stewardship Standard (the Standard) is designed to be an international, ISEAL-compliant, standard that defines a set of water stewardship principles, criteria, and indicators for how water should be stewarded at a site and watershed level in a way that is environmentally, socially, and economically beneficial. The Standard is intended to provide water stewards with an approach for evaluating the existing processes and performances within their sites and watersheds, and ensuring that responsible water stewardship actions are in place to minimize negative impacts and maximize positive impacts. The first public consultation will be open to stakeholders until June 15th, 2012.

25 Apr 12

Presentation

Food, Energy and Water – The Meganexus: South Africa at the Stress Epicenter

by Margaret Catley-Carlson, held at the South African Water, Energy and Food Forum: “Managing the Mega-Nexus”, 18-19 April 2012

20 Apr 12

Animation

Water for Food

A large quantity of water is needed to produce the food we eat every day. This animation aims to show the relationship between food production and water use.

19 Apr 12

Issue Brief

Water/Energy/Climate Nexus

Water and energy are inextricably linked. Energy is needed to provide freshwater; and water is needed to produce most forms of energy. Climate change will hit through water. Power production is the largest single source of greenhouse gas emissions.

13 Apr 12

Research

Considering the Energy, Water and Food Nexus: Towards an Integrated Modelling Approach

The areas of energy, water and food policy have numerous interwoven concerns ranging from ensuring access to services, to environmental impacts to price volatility. These issues manifest in very different ways in each of the three “spheres”, but often the impacts are closely related. Identifying these interrelationships a priori is of great importance to help target synergies and avoid potential tensions. Systems thinking is required to address such a wide swath of possible topics. This paper briefly describes some of the linkages at a high-level of aggregation – primarily from a developing country perspective – and via case studies, to arrive at some promising directions for addressing the nexus.

13 Apr 12

Speech

HRH The Prince of Wales: It’s necessary to develop “a broad-based economic analysis” considering food security, water, energy and climate change

A video message by HRH The Prince of Wales to the United Nations headquarters in New York on “Happiness and Wellbeing: Defining a new economic paradigm”

12 Apr 12

The Energy-Water Nexus: Managing the Links between Energy and Water for a Sustainable Future

Water and energy are each recognized as indispensable inputs to modern economies. And, in recent years, driven by the three imperatives of security of supply, sustainability, and economic efficiency, the energy and water sectors have undergone rapid reform. However, it is when water and energy rely on each other that the most complex challenges are posed for policymakers.

11 Apr 12

Presentation

Food, Bev & Ag: Energy – Water — Food

by GE: Megatrends, shocks and constraints with regard to the Energy-Water Nexus and the Energy-Food Nexus

03 Apr 12

Publication

Water Options for India in a Changing Climate

New report by South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People (SANDRP) underlines the nexus between water, food and energy security

28 Mar 12

Publication

Charting a Course – Sustainable Water Use by Canada’s Natural Resource Sectors

Improved water-use management starts with strong principles that value water so it can be conserved and used efficiently. Sustainable water use will come from better knowledge and application of four key knowledge areas: water forecasts, water quantity data and information, policy instruments, and collaborative water governance.

19 Mar 12

Organisation

World Water Council (WWC)

The World Water Council is an international multi-stakeholder platform. It was established in 1996 on the initiative of renowned water specialists and international organizations, in response to an increasing concern about world water issues from the global community. The World Water Council’s mission is “to promote awareness, build political commitment and trigger action on critical water issues at all levels, including the highest decision-making level, to facilitate the efficient conservation, protection, development, planning, management and use of water in all its dimensions on an environmentally sustainable basis for the benefit of all life on earth.”

19 Mar 12

Case Studies

Water, Food & Energy Nexus

A collection of case studies on the NEXUS presented by CGIAR’s Challenge Programm, the EDF Groupe and the World Water Council on the WWF6

14 Mar 12

Publication

World Water Development Report 4 (WWDR)

The WWDR4 aims to encourage all stakeholders both in and out of the “water box” – water managers, leaders in government, civil society and businesses – to engage early in decision making processes to improve the quality and acceptance of decisions and the probability of successful implementation. It will highlight that more responsible action by all water users has enormous potential to lead to better outcomes - but will require political, social, economic and technical responses at all levels of government, businesses and communities, from local to international.

12 Mar 12

Publication

10 Minutes on Managing Water Scarcity

From risk to opportunity – Making the most of a scare resource

08 Mar 12

Newslist

Water-L

WATER-L is a mailing list for news and announcements related to the World Water Forum and water policy issues. Postings include water policy news, announcements of workshops/conferences, job listings, and information on new publications and online resources. Water-L is created by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD).

07 Mar 12

Speech

German foreign minister Guido Westerwelle at the Conference “Water Diplomacy in Central Asia” in Berlin

“How we shape all this change is one of the key questions for the future. How can we shape the necessary worldwide switch to a sustainable economy so as to alleviate poverty and preserve our environmental resources?”

03 Mar 12

Publication

Big Cities – Big Water – Big Challenges. Water in an Urbanizing World

The growth of the earth’s urban population and areas continues as a major demographic trend; it is projected that 70 % of the world’s population will live in urban areas by 2050. Urban growth today is most rapid in developing countries, where cities gain an average of 5 million residents each month.

03 Mar 12

Organisation

World Economic Forum

The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.

02 Mar 12

Institute

Ethiopian Institute of Water Resources (EIWR)

The Ethiopian Institute of Water Resources (EIWR) was established under the Africa-U.S. Higher Education Initiative to serve as the central administration unit to coordinate research, education and outreach activities amongst the partnering U.S. and Ethiopian Universities.

02 Mar 12

Website

OOSKA News

Website on “Water news. Water knowledge. Water insight” for senior executives. OOSKAnews produces weekly email subscription-based newsletters covering vital water news and intelligence for subscribing customers.

29 Feb 12

Report

Growing Access: Ensuring food for all in a resource-constrained world

Why do millions surrounded by the means to produce food still go hungry? — Conference report by OXFAM

29 Feb 12

Publication

Water Security for Development – A Development Imperative

Water security in the 21st century requires an integrated approach to water resources management

27 Feb 12

Bonn2011 Nexus Conference

Background Paper “Understanding the Nexus” by SEI

This paper is the scientific background paper of the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference. It explains the Nexus and presents initial evidence for how a nexus approach can enhance water, energy and food security in a green economy by increasing efficiency, reducing trade-offs, and building synergies across sectors.

16 Nov 11

Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus: Update on the EU Food Security Policy

by Chantal Symoens, EuropeAid

16 Nov 11

Presentation

Increasing the Impact of EU Development Policy: An Agenda for Change

The EU as a whole is the world’s largest donor and a key trading partner for developing countries. With its broad and ambitious development policies and comprehensive partnerships, the EU it is already making a significant contribution towards the MDGs. But we could have even greater impact.

16 Nov 11

Presentation

Update on EU Water Policy - A Nexus-Perspective for the EU Development Policy

by André Liebaert, European Commission - Presentation at the BONN 2011 NEXUS CONFERENCE

16 Nov 11

Presentation

Lessons Learnt from Water in the Green Economy in Practice: Towards Rio+20

Presentation by Josefina Maestu, UN Water Decade Program on Advocacy and Communication - Presentation at the BONN 2011 NEXUS CONFERENCE

16 Nov 11

Presentation

Water in a Green Economy: The UN System’s Position

by Zafar Adeel, Chair of UN-Water - Presentation at the BONN 2011 NEXUS CONFERENCE

01 Nov 11

Press Background

More goods for more people with fewer resources – Can it be done?

Is there a contradiction between providing secure access to water and energy and supplying sufficient food to the world‘s growing population? The answer right now is: in many cases, yes! In many situations throughout the world it is becoming clear that increases in the supply of water or food or energy only come at the expense of one or both of the other resources.

01 Nov 11

Press Background

Networked solutions for an interlinked world

Our world faces enormous challenges. Water, energy and food will become ever scarcer in future, especially in poor countries. Although solutions can be found for many of the impending problems, the measures taken to tackle one problem impact on other sectors – often with negative consequences. Conflicts of objectives arise. Thus, more food or energy has, so far, come at a high cost: rising water consumption. And this is only one example of the contradictory relationships at work.

26 Sep 11

In Preparation of Rio+20

UNSGAB: Water and Sanitation: Underpinning the Pillars of Sustainable Development in the context of a Green Economy

Good management of water and sanitation is a precondition for sustainable development. It underpins the three pillars of sustainable development and also contributes to a green economy and to poverty eradication. These are compelling reasons to address water and sanitation challenges in UNCSD2012. UNSGAB believes that the global community must make progress on three major water and sanitation challenges during UNCSD2012.

NEXUS News

11 Apr 14

Water-Energy Nexus

The energy-water nexus is gaining traction with diverse stakeholders around the world and it is becoming increasingly clear that we cannot plan for our planet’s future if we do not consider energy and water together. - By Kate Zerrenner.

11 Apr 14

Nexus in Egypt

The study focuses on food security, energy supply and water management and how these sectoral parts can be brought to the water-food-energy nexus. State-owned German implementing agency Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) commissioned the study.

28 Mar 14

World Water Day 2014

World Water Day highlighted the importance of integrated planning through concerted policies and infrastructure. - By William Rex and Vivien Foster

27 Mar 14

World Water Day 2014

Solutions to pressing issues must recognize mountains’ integral role in the water-energy-food nexus. - By Aditi Mukherji

26 Mar 14

World Water Day 2014

“In the water sector, the food-energy-water nexus is slowly replacing the concept of Integrated Water Resources Management, “ says Jeremy Allouche, member of the IDS Water Justice Programme and the STEPS Centre.

25 Mar 14

Solutions

The theme of this year’s World Water Day has been “Water and Energy.” IFPRI senior researcher Claudia Ringler highlights the potential role of water markets in the water-energy-food nexus under global climate change.

14 Mar 14

Research

The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment is pleased to invite applications for a Postdoctoral Researcher to work with Professor Declan Conway. SAHEWS is a two-year collaborative research program, which aims to realise opportunities for more effective water management in Southern Africa by addressing crucial knowledge gaps and integrating climate information with better understanding of economic linkages in water, food and energy.

12 Mar 14

Sustainability Standards

To review, the food-energy-water nexus (one can keep stringing in nouns, -carbon –biodiversity –etc. into the “nexus”) is short hand for recognizing that many of these systems are interconnected.

10 Mar 14

Nexus Conference

Summary of the sessions at the “Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference”, 5-8 Mar 2014, Chapel Hill/USA, provided by Campus Blueprint’s correspondents Grace Tatter, Anita Simha, Gayatri Surendranathan, and Kyle Ann Sebastian.

24 Feb 14

Call for Articles

How can landscape approaches make a difference? Can they lead – as is being assumed - to fair deals between stakeholders, to resilient and biologically diverse landscapes, to local economic development, and to increasing food and water security? And where do forests, agroforestry and trees fit into this picture?

21 Feb 14

Felix Dodds

“We will not solve the food security challenge unless we solve the water and energy challenges,” says Felix Dodds. “This may be the puzzle to end all puzzles. But there’s a plan. - by Jon Turney

20 Jan 14

Launch of “thirsty energy”

The World Bank is launching a new initiative at the World Future Energy Summit and International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi that will help developing countries better plan and manage scaling-up energy capacity to meet rising demand, in tandem with water resource management.

17 Dec 13

Research

Research papers are welcome for Volume 2 Issue 1 (May 2014) based on the theme of “Water for Food”.The submission deadline for abstract is 30 Dec 2013.

12 Dec 13

Scaling Up Nexus Collaboration

NGOs, businesses and governments are collaborating to tackle the water, food, energy nexus, but efforts must be scaled up - by Gabrielle Walker, chief scientist at Xyntéo

12 Dec 13

“Solutions for Future Water Security”

IWA WEC conference will provide a platform for discussion of cutting edge solutions to the world’s water and energy issues, while also addressing approaches to sustainable and effective adaptation throughout the water sector.

28 Nov 13

Water Management Roundtable

Closer regional cooperation of water, energy and environmental sectors on the sustainable use of waters; involvement of private sector in water infrastructure development; and introduction of a regional legal and coordination instrument to ensure achievement of these goals, are key issues South East Europe (SEE) needs to address in water resources management and hydropower production until 2020.

28 Nov 13

Research

Elsevier Publishers is going to publish a special issue dedicated to the enabling management of the water-food-energy-ecosystems services nexus.

18 Nov 13

Water-Energy Nexus

This new global initiative is led jointly by the Water and Energy Units in the World Bank and will officially be launched at the World Future Energy Summit in January 2014. thirsty energy aims to support client countries in addressing the challenges in energy and water resources development, avoid unsustainable scenarios and break disciplinary silos that prevent cross-sectoral planning.

07 Nov 13

Research Scholarship

Humboldt University Berlin/Germany calls for applications for joining a Master or PhD/Postdoc programme on water governance in the MENA region. One of the potential research topics is management of the water-land use-agriculture nexus.

22 Oct 13

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

Nexus insights from the IWA Development Congress in Nairobi, Kenya

14 Oct 13

New Cooperation

Royal Dutch Shell and Xyntéo have begun work on a new project that aims to uncover leadership behaviours that make cross-sector collaborations work – specifically those addressing challenges in the water-energy-food stress nexus.

08 Oct 13

Call for Papers

Water Alternatives, an interdisciplinary journal on water, politics and development, will publish a special issue on Critical Thinking On the ‘New Security Convergence’ in Energy, Food, Climate and Water.

19 Feb 13

Nexus Interview

Q&A with Dr. Rabi Mohtar, Executive Director of Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI)

16 Dec 12

Contest

Lead-up to Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week - Win a trip to Abu Dhabi as a Masdar VIP Blogger

22 Nov 12

A blog by Felix Dodds

Felix Dodds, as Executive Director of Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future, took an active part in the preparation of the Bonn2011 Conference. Now, a year after the conference, he summarises the learnings and gives an outlook on the necessary next steps.

20 Nov 12

NEXUS Interview

An interview with Torgny Holmgren, Executive Director of SIWI, summarising the outcomes of the World Water Week 2012

31 Oct 12

Security

On 26 October 2012 the STEPS Centre and SOAS ran a joint event to discuss the connections made between water, energy, food and climate, and the tendency to frame these issues in terms of “security”.

16 Oct 12

Global Hunger Index 2012

Hunger is inextricably linked to growing pressure on land, water, and energy resources. Recent events—drought, large-scale land investments, high energy prices — underscore how much we depend on these resources to produce the world’s food supply.

08 Oct 12

NEXUS and Security

NATO Review Edition on Water, Energy, and Food

25 Sep 12

Agenda Setting

The “Greenius” - or Green Genius - competition is seeking innovative solutions to questions of food, water and energy sustainability such as “How to keep bills down for consumers and businesses?” or “How to better manage our energy, food and water resources?”

07 Sep 12

Integrated Planning Tools

Water Evaluation and Planning system by SEI can explore Water-Energy Nexus issues

28 Jun 12

Nexus at Rio+20

A voice from the ground, Edward Byers, PhD student from Newcastle/UK, gives his view of the NEXUS event at the German Pavilion in Rio.

27 Jun 12

NEXUS Interview

An interview with Albert Butare, Co-Chair of the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference and NEXUS ambassador

31 May 12

NEXUS Interview

The SEI’s work on the water, energy and food security nexus – an interview with Holger Hoff

29 May 12

Rio+20

The Rio+20 Summit is less than a month away. Policymakers and civil society representatives have been advocating for the inclusion of the nexus approach in “The Future We Want”, the outcome document of the negotiations — by Olimar Maisonet-Guzmán

23 May 12

Sustainable Development Goals

World Bank Group identifies six key issues and key messages for Rio+20

19 May 12

European Report on Development 2011-2012

Launched in Brussels on 16 May 2012, the 2012 European Report on Development (ERD) highlights predicted increases in the scarcity of natural resources – with demand for water and energy expected to rise by 40% and demand for food by 50% before we reach 2030.

12 May 12

G-Science Acadmies Statement 2012

Needs for affordable and clean energy, for water in adequate quantity and quality, and for food security will increasingly be the central challenges for humanity:these needs are strongly linked.

25 Apr 12

NEXUS Interview

An interview with Margaret Catley-Carlson, Vice Chair, Canadian Water Network and Member of the Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB)

23 Apr 12

So what’s new?

What has brought nexus thinking to the fore, and what does this nexus look like? How does it relate to climate compatible development?

16 Apr 12

NEXUS event in the German House in New York

German-Rwandan Side event on the Nexus on 22nd March before the 3rd Intersessional Meeting of the UNCSD

04 Apr 12

New CGIAR Research Program

Cutting down on the amount of food that is wasted around the world is a key component of water management, according to Dr. Colin Chartres, general director of the International Water Management Institute (IWMI).

08 Mar 12

Conference in Berlin

German foreign minister Guido Westerwelle introduces the results of the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference

19 Nov 11

Reflections

Reflections of the Co-Chairs on the outcomes of the Bonn2011 Nexus-Conference

16 Jun 11

Short Film

International experts comment on the main topics of the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference

01 Jan 11

Nexus: Water, Energy and Food Security

There are strong reasons for a new approach to the issue of sustainable water management

Upcoming NEXUS Events

18 Apr 14

Discussion

Stanford experts from a range of disciplines will discuss the interconnections and interactions among humanity’s need for and use of climate, energy, food, water, and environmental resources. Featuring key authors of the new Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report on impacts, adaptation and vulnerability to climate change.

22–23 May 14

Workshop

In this workshop on the protection and use of transboundary watercourses, discussions between different stakeholders will take place to share expericences, examine good practises and face the challenges down the road.

18–20 Jun 14

Conference

This event will be the opportunity to make the bridge between the 6th World Water Forum (which took place in Marseilles on March 2012) and the 7th World Water Forum in Republic of Korea in 2015, from solutions to implementation.

31 Aug–05 Sep 14

Water-Energy Nexus

In addressing the water-energy nexus, the World Water Week 2014 in Stockholm will attempt to take an overall “systems view” of how to develop and manage energy and water for the good of society and ecosystems - at local, national, regional and global levels - and avoid unintended consequences of narrow sectoral approaches. The “water, energy and food security nexus”, underpinning the green growth approach, will be central to the agenda.

11–13 Nov 14

International Conference

A conference for optimising infrastructure and technology to build partnerships for water, energy and food security.

25–27 Mar 15

Conference Series

The conference is a first in a series of biyearly conferences aiming at developing a post-2015 agenda for a nexus approach on water, soil and waste

Recent NEXUS Events

27 Mar 14

African Cities

The South African Cities Network (SACN) invites members of the media to the strategic conversation on water-energy-food nexus.

02 Apr 14

Nexus Debate

On April 2, Circle of Blue and the Wilson Center present the findings of their Choke Point: India initiative, an exploration into the water-energy-food confrontations in the world’s second most populous country.

27 Mar 14

Discussion

This debate focusses on how biotechnology can help resolving the global water-energy-and-food-security nexus

06–07 Mar 14

Workshop

The city of Beira is considered to be heavily hit by climate change. In fact the worst hit city in Africa, therefore it was picked for a project on the effects of climate, land use and urbanization on water resources in the city of Beira took place in the capital of Mozambique, Maputo

2014-03-21

Side-event at World Water Day 2014

As a side event of the World Water Day 2014, this event focusses on hydropower. The debate will focus on numerous aspects of the topic: research, management, capacity development and many more

Video

On the World Water Day 2014, Global Water Partnership present a video on the nexus of water and energy

Independent Research Forum

The Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) are to achieved in 2015 which is just ahead.

2014-03-13

Live Chat

Experts discuss live on Nexus challenges and opportunities

04–06 Mar 14

Workshop

This workshop, financially supported by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and the Environment and Security Initiative, focusses on cross sectoral challenges on policy making in the transregional river basin of the Sava river

07 Mar 14

Side Event at the Nexus Conference

Convened by EcoAgriculture Partners. This side event will introduce participants to the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative (LPFN). This global Initiative, led by nine Co-organizers (including civil society, research, intergovernmental and Government entities), advances and supports integrated approaches to landscape management, promoting pathways for sustainable development that simultaneously address the full set of needs from the rural land base, including climate-resilient production of food and fiber, watershed management, biodiversity conservation, bio-energy, terrestrial climate mitigation, and rural livelihoods.

05 Mar 14

Side Event at the Nexus Conference

Convened by Texas A&M University and Qatar National Food Security Program. With global population growing over 7 billion, accompanied by escalating economic crises, mismanagement of natural resources, climatic changes and uncertainties, and growing poverty and hunger, the world is living in a critical period defined by global challenges. These challenges are linked with social, economic, and political risks and unrest that present and future generations face.

05 Mar 14

Side Event at the Nexus Conference

Convened by UNCCD and IASS. Soil and land degradation poses a great challenge for sustainable development. The world is losing approximately 24 billion tons of fertile top soil every year because of wind or water erosion. The development of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and a Post-2015 framework offers the opportunity to place soils and land on the global development agenda.

05 Mar 14

Side Event at the Nexus Conference

Convened by The Research Institute for Humanity and Nature. This side event at the Nexus Conference at Chapel Hill will present the recently launched five-year project “Human-environmental security in the Asia-Pacific Ring of Fire: water-energy-food nexus” led by the RIHN in Japan was launched in 2013. The objective of this project is to maximize human-environmental security (minimize the risk) by choosing policies and management structures that optimize water-energy-food connections in Asia-Pacific region.

04 Mar 14

Symposium

Organised by the College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences at Sultan Qaboos University and the University of Sydney.

17 Mar 14

European Tropical Forest Research Network (ETFRN)

The European Tropical Forest Research Network (ETFRN) will dedicate the next issue of ETFRN news to landscapes. In this way, ETFRN News aims to provide practitioners and policy makers with an opportunity to share their practical experiences in the application of landscape approaches. Deadline for submission is 17 March 2014.

24 Fe–01 Mar 14

Commitment

ADB is holding its 2nd No Impact Week from 22 February to 2 March to encourage personnel to transform their work and personal lifestyles to lessen their impact on the planet and our communities.

31 Mar 14

Smart Solutions for 2050

This next Intelligence Squared event in partnership with Shell will bring together an expert panel to discuss the the interconnected relationships between these vital resources both globally and in the UK.

02–03 Apr 14

International Conference

The conference will focus on the benefits of transboundary cooperation in ensuring energy, food and water security with a nexus and climate change perspective.

24 Feb 14

Toolkit Launch

Launch of USAID’s Water and Conflict Toolkit for Programming, a document designed to help development practitioners gain a deeper understanding of the forces driving violence and instability related to water.

21 Mar 14

World Water Day

The report will address the theme “Water and Energy” in 2014 and will be launched during the main World Water Day celebrations in Tokyo, Japan on 21 March 2014.

18–19 Feb 14

Debate

This thematic debate is part of a series of three high-level events and three thematic debates convened by the President of the UN General Assembly (UNGA). The events are organized the theme, ‘The Post-2015 Development Agenda: Setting the Stage!’ and seek to initiate discussions on priority areas for the post-2015 development agenda through in-depth, interactive and participatory discussions, with the objective of generating concrete contributions to the formulation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

22 Mar 14

World Water Day

Water and energy are closely interlinked and interdependent. Energy generation and transmission requires utilization of water resources, particularly for hydroelectric, nuclear, and thermal energy sources. Conversely, about 8% of the global energy generation is used for pumping, treating and transporting water to various consumers.

20–22 Jan 14

Conference

The World Future Energy Summit (WFES) is the world’s foremost event dedicated to renewable energies, energy efficiency and clean technologies. This year’s Summit will have a focus on the interdependence of energy and water.

21 Jan 14

Launch at the WFES

thirsty energy is a new global initiative led jointly by the Water and Energy Units in the World Bank and will officially be launched at WFES in January 2014.

13–16 Jan 14

UN-Water Annual Conference

In preparation for World Water Day 2014, which in 2014 focuses on water and energy issues, the UN Office to support the International Decade for Action “Water for Life”/UN-Water Decade Programme on Advocacy and Communication (UNW-DPAC) organizes this conference.

04–05 Dec 13

Conference

In the perspective of an integrated approach to resource management, energy is closely linked to other resources, in particular water and food. Availability and security of water, energy and food can be achieved through an integrated approach. This conference represents an high level opportunity to discuss on these topics.

25–27 Mar 14

Workshop

The workshop will identify specific examples of where Earth Observations (EO) can add to WEF Nexus assessments, review the information needs of resource managers and policy makers dealing with WEF issues, inform users on the use of EO to address issues related to water, energy and food security; To assess gaps in monitoring information and services that could be addressed by satellite data products, and develop a report synthesizing the state of EO applications to WEF issues, based on the workshop results.

21–24 Oct 13

Workshop

To more fully examine the possible approaches to address this need, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) will hold a workshop aimed at helping to develop an ISO-published International Workshop Agreement (IWA) on guidelines for multiple resource evaluation.

25 Nov 13

Lecture Series Cologne

Lecture by Prof. Dr. Gustaf Olsson, Lund University. The Lecture is part of a series that addresses Nexus key issues by bringing scientists and experts from many disciplines together. It wants to contribute to the current global dialogue regarding the future of our planet. Organised by German Development Institute/Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE-GDI), Institute of Geography/University of Cologne, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) of the Cologne University of Applied Sciences.

18 Nov 13

Lecture Series Cologne

Lecture by Dr. Waltina Scheumann, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE-GDI). The Lecture is part of a series that addresses Nexus key issues by bringing scientists and experts from many disciplines together. It wants to contribute to the current global dialogue regarding the future of our planet. Organised by German Development Institute/Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE-GDI), Institute of Geography/University of Cologne, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) of the Cologne University of Applied Sciences.

21 Oct 13

Lecture Series Cologne

This lecture is held by Prof. Dr. Mark Oelmann, Ruhr West University of Applied Sciences. The Lecture is part of a series that addresses Nexus key issues by bringing scientists and experts from many disciplines together. It wants to contribute to the current global dialogue regarding the future of our planet. Organised by German Development Institute/Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE-GDI), Institute of Geography/University of Cologne, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) of the Cologne University of Applied Sciences.

06–08 Nov 13

Roundtable

The roundtable will bring together practitioners and decision makers from from the water resources management and hydropower production community.

04 Nov 13

Lecture

Greg Allgood, who leads World Vision’s work to address the global water crisis, will highlight the critical link between provision of clean water and effectively addressing major global health priorities including malnutrition and HIV/AIDS.

29–31 Oct 13

Climate Congress

This biennial Congress held under ICLEI Africa’s Urban Leadership for African Sustainability (ULAS) programme provides a platform for African local leaders, national governments, scientists, technical experts, development partners, business, industry and civil society to engage on the complex issues and innovative solutions related to urbanisation in Africa through the broad context of climate change.

31 Oct 13

Partnership Forum at the Global South-South Expo 2013

SEI is hosting a half-day Partnership Forum to discuss the water-energy-food nexus and how a science-based, integrated approach can help countries achieve more sustainable and successful development.

01–02 Oct 13

Dialogue

The prime target audience for the planned dialogue are Directors in Government Departments of Energy, Agriculture and Water.

19–20 Nov 13

Forum

The Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy is a major networking, dialoguing and research event that focuses on water, food and energy developments in the Mekong. This annual event is organised by the CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food, and co-hosted by national partners.

05–06 Nov 13

Conference

The American Water Summit sees itself as the most important US event of the year for anyone involved with water at a senior level. One session covers “Water for energy”.

24 Oct 13

Weston Roundtable Series

This presentation will include case studies dealing with soil, air, and water contamination and carbon cycling/sequestration to show how the application of a multi-scale, interdisciplinary approach can provide important insights into environmental degradation and restoration.

29 Oct 13

Lecture and Discussion

Lecture on water-energy-food Confrontations in China and India by Jennifer Turner, Director, China Environment Forum of the Woodrow Wilson Center

15 Oct 13

Panel at the IWA Development Congress

Optimising Service Devivery for Universal Access

15–16 Oct 13

Panel at the IWA Development Congress

Climate Services in support of water management decision making.

08 Oct 13

Webinar

This talk covers technical challenges and solutions for water treatment across broad component technologies (reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, ion exchange, and macrofiltration). Case studies with a global focus are presented on minimizing natural water withdrawal and wastewater disposal, as well as minimizing energy consumption in several end-use applications.

14–17 Oct 13

3rd IWA Development Congress

The IWA Development Congress will signpost best practices, applied research and enabling policies to meet the water and sanitation challenges of today and tomorrow in an increasingly urbanising world.

28–29 May 13

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

The Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions held its first workshop in Nairobi, Kenya on May 28th and 29th with participants from across the continent and water, energy and food sectors.

24–26 Sep 13

Nexus Dialogue on Water Infrastructure Solutions

The 2nd of the three anchor workshops will be held in Bogotá and will focus on the optimization of water infrastructure to meet growing water, energy and food needs.

03 Sep 13

Seminar

This seminar explored the depth of the interconnections between water, energy and food and consider how effective policy can promote the security and sustainability of these essential resources now and in the future.

14–17 Oct 13

Conference

How companies are balancing the trade-offs among energy, water and food in order to reduce risk, as well as rethinking production and delivery systems. Organised by VERGE San Francisco

05 Sep 13

Seminar at the World Water Week 2013

Approaches to strength collaboration between the water and energy communities in order to develop appropriate response measures, manage trade-offs, and maximize co-benefits will be discussed.

04 Sep 13

Seminar at the World Water Week 2013

The topic of this seminar also links with the primary theme of the 2014 World Water Week in Stockholm, and with the theme of the 5th edition of the World Water Development Report, which will be published in 2014.

04 Sep 13

Seminar at the World Water Week 2013

The annual Multi-stakeholder Forum has the objective to present and discuss the results achieved within the different components, exchange experiences and gather participants’ inputs for further development of activities.

01 Sep 13

Seminar at the World Water Week 2013

The seminar will critically look at the nexus between the “new” investments in agricultural land in Nile Basin and regional hydropolitical relations.

02 Sep 13

Seminar at the World Water Week 2013

This seminar will bring together key actors building partnerships across sectors for implementing a nexus approach. Focus will be given on how to assess Nexus trade-offs and how to address them at international, national and regional level.

01–06 Sep 13

Conference

World Water Week is hosted and organised by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) and takes place each year in Stockholm. The World Water Week has been the annual focal point for the globe’s water issues since 1991. The thematic scope for 2013 is on Water Cooperation, and the workshops covering different aspects of the theme.

21–24 Sep 13

Conference

The International Conference on Water, Energy and Environment (ICWEE) is organized by the Izmir Katip Celebi University (IKCU), American University of Sharjah (AUS) and United Arab Emirates University (UAEU). The conference will be held on September 21-24, 2013 in Kusadası, Turkey.

09 Oct 13

Budapest Water Summit

A particularly important emerging issue related to water is the water/energy/food nexus. The objective of the panel session is to build on the outcome of the relevant conference, held in 16-18 November, 2011, in Bonn, Germany, in order to take stock and to move the agenda forward with a view to define cross-cutting SDGs.

22–27 Sep 13

Conference

The 8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems – SDEWES will focus on furthering the sustainable systems knowledge base in all aspects of society from energy, to water, natural resources and food production systems. Sponsored by UNESCO.

10–14 Sep 13

Conference

1st Inter-Regional Conference on Land and Water Challenges, Bari, Italy

31 Mar 13

Call for entries

Call for entries for the 2014 Nestlé Prize in Creating Shared Value until 31st March 2013.

22 Feb 13

World We Want 2015

On 22 February 2013, the Energy Nexus Consultation, a special segment of the global energy consultation of the World We Want online consultations, will be closed and wrapped up.

29–30 Aug 13

Conference

The 1st International Terra Preta Conference aims at bringing experts and interested people from the different sectors – water/sanitation, agriculture, soil, energy, health – together to present their research results and to share their experiences in the field of Terra Preta Sanitation.

29 Apr–02 May 13

FAO Regional Meeting

The objective of this regional meeting is: to highlite and build on major achievements and impacts of FAO, IFAD, WFP and GIZ land and water programmes and projects implemented by Member Countries in the region through the exchange of success stories, lessons learned, good approaches and practices; and to draw conclusions and recommendations for follow-up actions to improve the impact and effectiveness of land and water projects , initiatives and programmes in the region.

05–06 Dec 12

Conference

The 2-day conference in December 2012 will focus on how energy policy and governance are influenced by or influencing water and food sectors. The first day deals mainly with energy governance issues in Asia Pacific countries, but with papers pointing to the importance of Nexus internationally.

29–30 Jan 13

Symposium

17th Annual International Summit and Exhibition, International Water Symposium

29 Nov 12

Dialogue

The African Union and the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB) are convening a High-level African Dialogue on the Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Nairobi, Kenya on November 29, 2012.

05–07 Nov 12

Conference

The objective of this conference is to discuss and identify priority areas following the outcomes of the 6th World Water Forum and the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20 or UNCSD).

13–14 Nov 12

Forum

The Second Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy will continue this constructive dialogue on the relationship between the cost and benefits of water development.

05–10 Nov 12

Workshop

In preparation for a Resource Summit to be held in Berlin, Germany in 2013, the Heinrich Böll Foundation offices in Kenya and Ethiopia are calling for applicants from Ethiopia, Kenya, North Sudan, South Sudan, South Central Somalia/Somaliland/Puntland and Tanzania to participate in a regional 3-days workshop to be held between 5th - 10th, November 2012 in Nairobi, Kenya. This workshop will apply the Future Workshop methodology to identify topics and innovative approaches of young people with regard to resource policy.

29 Oct 12–14 Jan 13

Lecture Series

The Lecture Series addresses these key issues by bringing scientists and experts from many disciplines together. It wants to contribute to the current global dialogue regarding the future of our planet. Organised by German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE-GDI),
Institute of Geography/University of Cologne, Institute for Technology and Resources Management in the Tropics and Subtropics (ITT) of the Cologne University of Applied Sciences.

25 Oct 12

Seminar

Achieving inclusive green growth for all is the optimal path to true sustainable development, which combines inclusive economic growth and human development with environmental and social sustainability. But green growth requires water security as an input to human and economic development.

22 Oct 12

Plenary at the Singapore Energy Summit 2012

This panel examines the inter-dependencies among the three spheres and discuss how governments and businesses can put in place coordinated policies, strategies and investments to ensure energy-water-food security for all.

17 Oct 12

Panel at the European Development Days 2012

This panel scrutinises this policy from the perspective of policy coherence for development: what are the impacts of the EU’s demand for biofuels on food security, the access to land and water, and the livelihoods of people in developing countries? What is the way forward for the EU in a world where biofuel mandates are proliferating and food price surges are a recurrent phenomenon?

22 Oct–03 Nov 12

Seminar

KTH Division of Energy Systems Analysis (DESA) invites PhD students and researchers with an interest in integrated resource modelling to the course on Integrated Assessment of Climate, Land Use, Energy and Water Systems. The course will be held in conjunction with an IAEA meeting hosted by the Swedish government at KTH with the same name, bringing together analysts from several countries as well as leading modelers and academics.

26 Oct 12

Colloquium

A colloquium with keynote presentations and discussion on recent thinking on the new securities and their nexus organised by Peter Mollinga, Laura Hammond and Anna Lindley (SOAS Development Studies/Centre for Water and Development) and Lyla Mehta, Jeremy Allouche and Alan Nicol (IDS and the STEPS Centre at the University of Sussex).

15–19 Oct 12

Workshop

The Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute (KIRDI), Strengthening Water Association Partnership - bfz gGmBH (SWAP-bfz), Water CAP and the African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) will host a week long workshop from the 15-19 October 2012 titled the Water-Food-Energy Nexus Workshop.

04 Oct 12

Webinar

This is the first webinar in the POLIS Water Sustainability Project’s 2012/2013 Creating a Blue Dialogue webinar series.

18 Sep 12

Panel Discussion

From the recent drought to the needs of a growing society, water is now a pressing issue that impacts our economy and way of life. Just how important is the nexus between water and the economy? - Hosted by Growing Blue in Washington DC

27 Sep 12

Webchat

Webchat hosted by Dick Benschop, President Director Shell Netherlands and Jeremy Bentham, Vice President Global Business Environment

19 Sep 12

Side Event to the UN Human Rights Council

WaterLex, with the sponsorship of the permanent missions of Costa Rica, Ecuador, Germany and Spain, invites to a side event on “The Future of Water in the United Nations System”, Wednesday 19th September, 1-4pm, Room XXIV, Palais des Nations.

20–21 Feb 12

Conference

This conference was held by CEP-BCI in February 2012 in Bangkok,Thailand. The conference benchmarked GMS economic growth between 2001 and 2010 and its impact on environmental and social development as well as provided an outlook for the next decade.

06 Sep 12

Live Discussion

What are the next steps in addressing the world’s water, energy and food challenges and how can nexus-thinking help? The Guardian stages a live discussion reflecting on conversations at World Water Week, Thursday 6 September, 2-4pm (BST)

25 Sep 12

Workshop

The objective of this workshop is to have a discussion to explore what post-2015 goals could address from a sustainable development perspective, with a focus on food, water and energy.

26 Aug 12

Seminar at the World Water Week Stockholm

The objective of the seminar is to share best practices and lessons learnt, while inviting the participants to actively contribute their ideas and experiences. The expected output is a better understanding of the multidimensional factors influencing efficient water use in agriculture. Organised by GIZ.

30 Aug 12

Side Event at the World Water Week Stockholm 2012

How many times have you seen a graphic depicting the Water-Energy Nexus? Are you ready to start analysing what they actually mean? If you answered: Too many times; and YES; then don’t miss this side-event, which will demonstrate the integration of powerful water (WEAP) and energy (LEAP) modelling platforms.

21 Aug 12

Interactive Conference Call

The Great Lakes and Great Lakes states are in the midst of a remarkable and confounding ecological and economic transition related to climate change and the fossil energy sector that industries and scientists are busy trying to anticipate and understand.

29 Aug 12

Seminar at the World Water Week Stockholm

This seminar presents policies, enabling conditions, innovations and solutions, for putting the quickly growing knowledge around the water-(land-)energy-food security nexus into practice.

30 Aug 12

Seminar at the World Water Week Stockholm

This seminar will analyse how the water-food nexus is being affected by climate change in two of the more important mountain regions of the world: the Andes and the Himalayas. The seminar will review concepts, discuss relevant cases that address different dimensions of the water-food nexus and innovative approaches for dealing with depleting resources, as well as provide guidance to mitigate the impact of the vulnerable water-food nexus in developing regions.

15–17 Jan 13

Conference

As a natural extension of the UAE’s commitment to sustainability, the first International Water Summit will be co-located with next year’s World Future Energy Summit, bringing to life the nexus between mankind’s two most vital resources: water and energy. Managing the energy footprint of water — and the water footprint of energy is a two-pronged challenge. Water and energy have a symbiotic relationship. This simple truth becomes increasingly evident as demand for both resources rises. With this in mind, Water-Energy Nexus was introduced.

21–24 May 13

Conference

New Challenges for Science and Governance. Indicators, Thresholds and Uncertainties of the Global Water System, Bonn

01–05 Jul 12

Conference

Singapore International Water Week (SIWW) 2012 provides the platform to address today’s challenges and explore opportunities in the integration of water solutions and urban planning in cities around the world. Opportunities abound for global water leaders and practitioners from the public and private sectors to debate in water dialogues, network with key industry players, showcase leading-edge technologies and best practices and identify viable solutions to address this common challenge.

10–11 Jul 12

Workshop at the 3. Water Research Horizon Conference (Berlin)

Water is a prerequisite for food production which requires also nutrients and energy. Vice versa alternative energy production by biogas plants is based on biomass derived from agriculture. Thus agricultural food production seems to be the most important integrative part concerning the water-food-energy nexus.

18 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

This side event aims to contribute to the “The Future We Want” outcome document by highlighting the need to better manage mountain natural resources as global public goods supplying water for life, food for health, and clean energy for livelihoods.

19 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

Insights from the European Report on Development

16 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

By highlighting the linkages among climate change risks and opportunities, sustainable development and adaptation, this session will explore how companies can integrate and build effective resilience measures into their business strategies, operations and throughout the value chain.

20 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

The Side-Event aims at identifying trade-offs between the sectoral objectives and discussing how a better consideration of the interlinkages between energy, water and food security can contribute to the achievement of the energy objectives.

21 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

A high level debate on the climate security agenda in the Amazon and worldwide

12 Jun 12

Side Event at the ICSU Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation

This session aims to consider how a new paradigm of adaptive management can be developed to address water security issues in a context of growing multiple needs and water scarcity.

18 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

This event will profile some of the world’s most innovative “natural capital partnerships” implementing integrated approaches toward the transition to green growth and green economies today. It will promote a south-south knowledge exchange and commitments from Mexico, the Coastal Eastern Africa region and Asia’s Greater Mekong Subregion.

15 Jun 12

Session at the ICLEI World Congress

The “nexus” of food, water and energy represents one of the biggest challenges in urban areas. If supplies of these three key resources are not maintained over time to serve human societies as well as the natural ecosystems from which they derive, the basis for all life will be undermined, and cities will not be functional any more.

19–21 Nov 12

The Energy Delta Convention is an international platform for senior energy experts from various disciplines, sectors and countries. – by the University of Groningen

14 May–18 Jun 12

Conference

The Africa Water Week (aww) is organized by the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW) and represents a political commitment at the highest level with over 1000 participants from governments, regional institutions, international partners, the private sector, the scientific community, civil society, and the media from all over the world, and in particular Africa, meeting to discuss and collectively seek solutions to Africa’s water and sanitation challenges.

14 Jun 12

Panel Discussion

The third European Report on Development (ERD) – drawn up by three European think tanks, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) and the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) – focuses on the use of scarce resources for inclusive and sustainable growth in the spheres of water, energy and land.

24 May 12

Workshop

The rapidly growing cities in Asia will face enormous challenges in ensuring water, energy and food security for their population if not now than in near future. To discuss possibilities to address this challenge more than 40 participants from six Asian took part in the workshop on “Integrated Resource Management in Asian Cities”.

14 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

The event aims to present fully gender and development issues which are vigorously embedded within the framework of fundamental human rights and gender justice in the Asia-Pacific region and in many parts of the world. It hopes to elevate further the discussions on the theme of green economy and gender equality, justice and human rights with special focus on water, energy, and food nexus , to a broader and more significant audience , during the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio+20 , in Rio de Janiero Brazil, June 2012.

28 Aug 12

Workshop at the World Water Week Stockholm

This Workshop will address a series of innovative frameworks that help analyse technical solutions as well as trade-offs in the water-food-energy nexus for better informed decision-making.

06 Jun 12

Report Presentation

by the German Federal Foreign Office (AA), the Transatlantic Academy and the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU)

20–24 Aug 13

Conference

Seventh Biennial Conference of the European Society for Environmental History (ESEH), Munich, Germany

16–18 Apr 12

Session at the “Brainstorm Green 2012” Conference”

To solve population and resource challenges, societies are looking to the intersection of energy, water, and food. It takes energy to extract, process, and transport water. It takes energy and water to grow food. It takes water and land—which might otherwise be used for food—to produce biofuels. What are the tensions and tradeoffs?

30 Apr–01 May 12

Conference

The Global Water Summit brings the entire international water sector to Rome, and lays down the challenge to think bravely about one question: What does our successful water future look like?

01–04 May 12

IISD Workshop

In its 2011 report, the World Economic Forum identified the Water-Energy-Food (W-E-F) security nexus as one of the greatest threats to the global economy and sustainable development over the next few decades. In order to address this issue the Water Innovation Centre of IISD is collaborating with the Global Water System Project (GWSP) to host a conference on Water-Energy-Food Security.

22–25 May 12

Conference

The 12th edition of Green Week, the biggest annual conference on European environment policy.

16 Apr 12

Symposium

Stanford experts from a range of disciplines will discuss the interconnections and interactions among humanity’s needs for and use of water, food, energy, and environment.

26–27 Mar 12

Workshop

“BONN PERSPECTIVES” workshop in Bonn

08–10 Feb 13

Seminar

by the Guru Arjan Institute of Development Studies, Amritsar (India)

27 Mar 12

Session at “Planet under Pressure” Conference

A NEXUS session to analyse the different nexus connections, chaired by Jamie Pittock

2012-03-22

International World Water Day is held annually on 22 March as a means of focusing attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

16–18 Nov 11

Conference

Solutions for the Green Economy

26–31 Aug 12

Forum

The World Water Week has been the annual focal point for the globe’s water issues since 1991.

15–18 Jun 12

Innovation and Collaboration for the Future We Want

11–15 Jun 12

The Forum is organised by ICSU, in partnership with UNESCO, the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), the International Social Science Council (ISSC), the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and the Brazilian Academy of Sciences.

13–18 May 12

The Congress will explore the topics of resilient and sustainable cities with a focus on climate change adaptation and mitigation together with the impacts and responses of climate change on water resources. Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, operating in a carbon constrained world and a focus on renewable energy including practical applications and integration in to the energy mix will be covered.

12 Mar–17 Feb 12

Every three years since 1997, the World Water Forum mobilises creativity, innovation, competence and know-how in favour of water.

NEXUS in the Media

16 Feb 14

Stress Nexus: when demands on food, water and energy become unsustainable

“The world has entered a period of volatility and transition - every choice that is made from here on will have an impact on what will happen in the near future. What is done today will determine if the planet will still be capable of sustaining life in the midst of the growing demands on energy, food and water,” says Zsarlene B. Chua.

04 Feb 14

Jeremy Bentham, Shell: “Gearing up for the future”

The inefficient use of natural resources and energy continues, especially in developing countries where population growth is most significant. Developed countries are often very wasteful. The combined annual food waste from Europe and the United States alone, for example, could feed about 1.5 billion people, notes Jeremy Bentham, Shell Vice President for Global Business Environment.

21 Jan 14

The water-energy challenge is manifold

By Michel Jarraud, Chair of UN-Water. - A sustainable future depends on our capacity to address the water-energy nexus and harness related opportunities. Water and energy are both drivers and inhibitors of economic growth and improvement of human health and well-being. However, decision and policymakers often fail to recognise the interdependencies between the two, sometimes leading to situations where securing one puts the other at risk.

20 Jan 14

Solar Micro-Grid Aims to Boost Power and Food in Haiti

EarthSpark, the project’s leader, won a Powering Agriculture grant for clean energy development. This new model for connecting homes and businesses to clean, reliable power using smart meters, solar panels, and a small, independent power grid is being put to the test in Haiti.

20 Jan 14

Giant Gleaming Eggs Will Help Solve Urban Water, Energy And Waste Problems

Not too long ago, cities could be labeled strictly as takers: taking in food, water, energy and other resources, while dumping out mountains of garbage and oceans of polluted wastewater. But take a look at the gigantic egg-shaped structures that dominate New York City’s Newtown Creek wastewater treatment plant, and you’re looking at the key to a sustainable future.

14 Jan 14

EDF Blog

We can’t expect a reliable energy future without talking water

“It’s no secret that electricity generation requires substantial amounts of water”, writes, Kate Zerrenner, project manager with EDF’s US Climate and Energy program, “and different energy sources require varying amounts of water. Nor is it a surprise that Texas and other areas in the West and Southwest are in the midst of a persistent drought. Given these realities, it is surprising that water scarcity is largely absent from the debate over which energy sources are going to be the most reliable in our energy future.”

23 Oct 11

Changing Direction towards a New Energy Future

As the world transitions to a more sustainable energy future, the right decisions need to be made now to ensure that transition is as smooth as possible. In this speech, Shell Chairman Jorma Ollila discusses the important role that natural gas can play as an affordable, flexible energy source. He calls on policymakers to take a market approach to regulating CO2 to ensure all mitigation measures will be used, starting with those that are lowest cost and fastest to implement. He also talks about research Shell is conducting to understand the complex interrelationship between energy, water and food, and how we can be more efficient in managing them. - Speech given by Jorma Ollila, Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc, at the International Energy Agency Governing Board at Ministerial Level, October 18, 2011

Partners

  • IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute
  • WEF World Economic Forum
  • WWF World Wide Fund for Nature

Bonn2011 Nexus Conference – in the context of Bonn Perspectives

  • Bonn Perspectives

initiated by

  • BONN
  • BMZ

funded by

  • European Regional Development Fund EFRE
  • NRW Ministerin fr Bundesangelegenheiten, Europa und Medien des Landes Nordrhein-Westphalen
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