Logo: Water Energy Food Nexus, Bonn 2011


Skip navigation



End of navigation

NEXUS Knowledge


NEXUS Resources

10 Jul 15


A New Climate for Peace

Taking Action on Climate and Fragility Risks

09 Jul 15


Climate and the water-energy-food nexus up

by Carole Dalin, London School of Economics, at the Our Common Future Under Climate Change conference, July 7-10 in Paris, France

19 Nov 14


Understanding the Food Energy Water Nexus - Water as an input in the food value chain

WWF received funding from the British High Commission to establish a research programme exploring the complex relationship between food, water and energy systems from the perspective of a sustainable and secure future for South Africa.

10 Oct 14

Reseach Paper

Energy-Water Nexus: The Water Sector’s Energy Use

by Claudia Copeland, Specialist in Resources and Environmental Policy with the U.S. Congressional Research Service

02 Oct 14

WWF Report

Living Planet Report 2014

Natural capital is a key concept of the Living Planet Report. While it may be an economic metaphor, it encapsulates the idea that our economic prosperity and our well-being are reliant upon the resources ovided by a healthy planet. In a world where so many people live in poverty, it may appear as though protecting nature is a luxury. But it is quite the opposite. For many of the world’s poorest people, it is a lifeline. And we are all in this together. We all need food, fresh water and clean air – wherever in the world we live.

25 Jun 14


Assessment of Climate Change Impact on Water, Agriculture and Energy in Lebanon

By Amin Shaban, Talal Darwich, Mouin Hamze, National Council for Scientific Research (Lebanon), held at the International Conference on Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Drylands: Bridging Science and Policy in Rabat, Morocco on 12 June 2014

14 Jun 14


Polestar: A nexus scenario framework

By Richard A. Rosen, Tellus Institute, held on the Bonn 2014 Nexus Conference „Sustainability in the Water-Energy-Food Nexus”, 19-20 May 2014.

14 Jun 14


Co-optimizing solutions for water and food

By Joppe Cramwinckel, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, held on the Bonn 2014 Nexus Conference „Sustainability in the Water-Energy-Food Nexus”, 19-20 May 2014.

14 Jun 14


The WBCSD Nexus model

By Ankit Patel, Resourcematics Limited, held on the Bonn 2014 Nexus Conference „Sustainability in the Water-Energy-Food Nexus”, 19-20 May 2014.

02 Jun 14


The FAO approach to the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

By `Jean-Marc Faures, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, held on the Bonn 2014 Nexus Conference „Sustainability in the Water-Energy-Food Nexus”, 19-20 May 2014.

16 May 14


5th Assembly of the Global Environment Facility (GEF): “Water-Energy-Food Nexus”

The forthcoming Assembly of GEF, taking place on 29 May 2014 in Cancun/Mexico, will focus on the interconntectedness

14 May 14


China’s Water-Energy Nexus Challenge

Access to water and energy and continuity of supply are two critical issues facing China today. With the population expected to reach 1.6 billion people by 2030, the increasing demand for water and energy will far exceed available resources. Even today, China struggles to provide enough clean, fresh water and energy for industry, agriculture and domestic users. Limited resources have driven China to devise large infrastructure projects, which will significantly change the flows of natural waterways. It is also looking at the Tibetan Plateau as a potential source of future water and energy supply. Encompassing the sources of many of the largest rivers in Asia, China has the power to play water hegemon in the region, raising concerns about water security for downstream riparian neighbours. By Sinéad Lehane, Acting Research Manager, Global Food and Water Crises Research Programme

06 May 14

Policy Brief

A Safe Space for Humanity: The Nexus of Food, Water, Energy, and Climate

The 20th Century saw major human triggered transitions that cumulatively are threatening the safety of the habitat for humans on planet earth. Population, resources, and the rapid accumulation of wealth all are intertwined in the 5 major transitions from the past to our new global future. These major transitions are: first, the “urban population transition;” second, the “nutrition transition”; third, the “climate transition”; fourth, the “energy transition”; and, fifth, the “agricultural transition”. This policy brief focuses on the most salient problems arising from these global transitions that can be ameliorated by specific policy instruments in the short term.

06 May 14


“The Energy-Water-Food Nexus: Insights for the Business Community”

Through a thorough review of 54 documents (vetted by government, industry, and NGO experts), this document, published by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation, identifies steps that companies can take to understand and address their connections to the E-W-F nexus. These steps include: 1) Understanding the interconnected nature of the nexus; 2) Surveying and Data Collecting to find a company’s total resource consumption, and from where the resources are consumed; 3) Assessing Risks and Opportunities to see how a corporation’s consumption of resources can impact business operations; 4) Implementing technologies and programs to mitigate nexus risks; 5) Collaborating with stakeholders to address shared risks; 6) Leading the charge to address nexus challenges through engaging the business community.

09 Apr 14

Policy Brief

SEI Research Synthesis: The Water-Energy-Food Nexus

SEI has done a lot of work focused on the water-energy- food nexus, a topic that is deeply relevant to sustainable development planning and policy. This brief draws on SEI’s expertise in hydrology, agriculture, and water and energy systems analysis, and leverages two powerful SEI-built tools: the Water Evaluation and Planning system (WEAP) and the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning system (LEAP). It also builds on SEI’s on-the-ground research on livelihoods, energy access, sanitation and other issues. The brief describes the ongoing research on the water-energy-food nexus, starting with key insights from SEI’s studies and interactions with stakeholders to date.

01 Apr 14

Nexus 2014

A Declaration from the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference

A Declaration from the “Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy” Conference, submitted to the co-chairs of the SDG OWG, the UN Secretary General and the President of the UN General Assembly. Nota bene: This document is not a communication to which all participants of the conference committed themselvs, but a message of the conference co-directors, Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram.

29 Mar 14


Food, water, and energy security in South Asia: A nexus perspective from the Hindu Kush Himalayan region

By Golam Rasul. - With limited land resources, inadequate energy supply, and growing water stress, South Asia faces the challenge of providing enough water and energy to grow enough food for the burgeoning population. Using secondary data from diverse sources, this paper explores the food, water, and energy nexus from a regional dimension, emphasizing the role of Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) ecosystem services in sustaining food, water, and energy security downstream. The analysis reveals that the issues and challenges in the food, water, and energy sectors are interwoven in many complex ways and cannot be managed effectively without cross-sectoral integration. The most distinctive feature of the nexus in South Asia is the high degree of dependency of downstream communities on upstream ecosystem services for dry-season water for irrigation and hydropower, drinking water, and soil fertility and nutrients. This finding suggests that along with cross-sectoral integration to improve the resource-use efficiency and productivity of the three sectors, regional integration between upstream and downstream areas is critical in food, water, and energy security. Within the nexus approach in South Asia, equal attention should be paid to management of HKH ecosystems–especially the watersheds, catchments, and headwaters of river systems–and to tapping the potential of collaborative gains in water, hydropower, and other ecosystem services through coordination across HKH countries.

05 Mar 14


“Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference”, 5-8 Mar 2014

The Water Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and collaborators will host the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference on March 5-8, 2014 to examine the thoughts and actions related to a nexus approach. The co-Directors of the Conference are Jamie Bartram, Director of The Water Institute, and Felix Dodds, Associate Fellow at the Tellus Institute, with support from an International Advisory Committee. The Conference will bring together scientists and practitioners working in government, civil society and business, and other stakeholders focusing on the questions of how and why the nexus approach is, and can be, used on international and local levels.

23 Jan 14


Assessment of the Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystems Nexus in transboundary river basins: the Alazani/Ganikh Basin Pilo

Presentation by Annukka Lipponen, UNECEat, on Jan 14th, 2014, at the 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014

20 Jan 14

Research Publication

Adding value with CLEWS - Modelling the energy system and its interdependencies for Mauritius

Climate, energy, water and land-use systems are closely integrated, but most related decision- and policy-making occurs in disparate institutional entities, informed by relatively disconnected assessments of the individual resource systems. This paper published in “Applied Energy” presents the added value of an integrated analytical assessment approach. In doing so, it explicitly values various interdependencies and interactions between these systems, primarily from an energy sector perspective. The island state of Mauritius was identified as a useful case study given its diverse climate, its increasing water stresses, and its policy focus on reshaping agricultural land use and reducing fossil fuel imports.

02 Dec 13


Transformation of Alice Springs through the Energy-Water Nexus

Presentation by Darryl Day, previously General Manager Remote Operations (Now Executive Director Energy Policy, Northern Territory Department of Mines and Energy, September 2013

28 Nov 13

Policy Brief

Realising the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus

This policy brief provides an overview of Nexus Dialogues, the implementation of the nexus perspective in German development cooperation and present Nexus Initiatives which have emerged from the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference.

22 Oct 13


California’s Water-Energy-Climate Nexus

This white paper is one of a series being written to facilitate the on-going dialogue among water and wastewater agencies, energy utilities, policymakers, regulators, customers, constituents, and other stakeholders as to the types of actions that can be taken to help achieve the state’s aggressive resource efficiency, economic and environmental goals. Some of these actions are achievable now, under existing policies, rules and regulations; others will require policy changes, new technologies and new business models. Much of it will require funding.

23 Apr 13


The Climate-Water-Energy Security Nexus in Central Asia

As the international community observed the UN World Water Day, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were part of important talks at UN Headquarters in New York concerning water-sharing. These talks bring attention to a broader nexus of water, climate and energy security in Central Asia that is worth watching closely by both regional leaders and the international community.

18 Oct 12

Learning Platform

UN CC:Learn

The One UN Training Service Platform on Climate Change (UN CC:Learn) is a collaborative initiative involving 33 multilateral organizations which supports Member States, UN agencies and other development partners in designing and implementing country-driven, results-oriented and sustainable learning to address climate change. The initiative was launched at the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Summit. UN CC:Learn is included in the “One UN Climate Change Action Framework” of the UN System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB) through the HLCP capacity development group convened by UNDP and UNEP. The CEB framework aims at maximizing existing synergies, eliminating duplication and optimizing the impact of the collective effort of UN organizations in combatting climate change. UN CC:Learn contributes to the implementation of Article 6 of the UNFCCCon training and education, and the individual capacity development pillar of the UNFCCC Capacity Development Framework.

17 Sep 12


The Nile Basin - The NEXUS in Science and Research

by Holger Hoff (SEI): Overview, Initial Scenarios, Charles Iceland (WRI): Hydropower, Vulnerability to and Impacts on Water Scarcity, Jakob Granit (SEI/SIWI): Water Energy Nexus Opportunities, Guy Pegram (Pegasys): Water Food Nexus Opportunities, Abby Onencan (Nile Basin Discourse): The Role of Science, Nexus, Cooperation

31 Aug 12


Nexus in and nexus-driven connections between river basins: Reflection of global nexus changes in large basins

by Janos J. Bogardi, Executive Officer of GWSP

27 Aug 12


The Water, Energy and Food Nexus

Using nexus thinking around water, energy and food leads to positive feedback loops and a brighter future for all - by SABMiller

16 Aug 12


Large-scale Water Storage in the Water, Energy and Food Nexus. Perspectives on Benefits, Risks and Best Practices

The paper provides an overview of the current status of large scale artificial water storage development and its functions in the water, energy and food security nexus. The paper presents a typology of water storage structures and provides an analysis of the risks, benefits and trade-offs posed by different storage options. It also highlights good practices and lessons learned from past experiences and explores emerging opportunities for water storage schemes to enhance water, energy and food security in the future.

13 Aug 12

World Water Week Stockholm 2012

FAO Programme @ Stockholm 2012

This year, the overarching theme of the World Water Week in Stockholm is Water and Food Security. Feeding the world population in the future with limited water resources means that we have to become better at growing more “crops per drop” as well as revisit our thinking regarding how we produce, consume, and trade food from a water perspective all along the food chain. The Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) is one of the key collaborating partners for the 2012 water and food security theme, along with the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).

08 Aug 12


Climate change, water stress, conflict and migration

The presentations during the conference on climate change, water, conflict and migration, held on 21 September 2011 in The Hague, the Netherlands, have been bundled as papers.

22 Jun 12

Policy Brief

FAO Support to Decision-Making for Sustainable Bioenergy - Making Bioenergy Work for Climate, Energy and Food Security

The rapid development of bioenergy, and in particular liquid biofuels, has generated considerable debate regarding their sustainability, and in particular the so-called “food versus fuel” competition. The links between bioenergy and food security are complex and multi-faceted. Making bioenergy development sustainable becomes even more challenging when one tries to capture its potential rural development, climate and energy security benefits. A sound and integrated approach is required in order to address these links and promote both “food and fuel”, and ensure that bioenergy contributes to sustainable development.

21 Jun 12

Issue Paper

Energy-Smart Food for People and Climate

Lack of access to modern energy services in many parts of the world is a fundamental barrier to reducing hunger and ensuring that the world can produce enough food to meet current and future demand. More than 2 billion people lack access to modern energy services.

21 Jun 12

Report of Side Event at Rio+20

Mountain Knowledge Solutions for Sustainable Green Economy and Improved Water, Food, Energy, and Environment Nexus

Co-chaired by Keshab Man Shakya, Minister of Environment, Science and Technology, Nepal, and Pema Gyamtsho, Minister of Agriculture and Forests, Bhutan, this side event highlighted local, national and regional knowledge-based solutions that are inclusive and supportive to the water, food and energy nexus and have promoted green growth strategies and reduced poverty. Organized by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), the Government of Nepal, Mountain Partnership, Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), EVK2CNR, Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA).

18 Jun 12

Messages for Rio

A Climate-Safe “Green Economy” Protects Rivers, Rejects Destructive Dams

The twentieth anniversary of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, or Rio+20, comes at a time when human-caused emissions have pushed our planet to the brink of a climate crisis. The effects of the global industrial economy brought planetary levels of carbon dioxide to a record high of 31.6 gigatonnes (Gt) in 2011, according to a 2012 International Energy Agency (IEA) report – only 1 Gt below the level that the IEA considers necessary to keep global temperatures from rising beyond 2°C. In response, many governments, banks, and corporations are increasingly looking to large hydropower dams to reduce fossil fuel use. Proponents claim that large hydropower dams will help usher in a “green economy.” Rather than achieving greater protection of the planet’s ecosystems from the demands of growing energy use, this policy direction will put an increasing burden on Earth’s freshwater species and habitats.

18 Jun 12

Messages for Rio

CGIAR Call to Action

CGIAR calls for a focus on the entire agricultural landscape as an integrated system, which recognizes that isolated solutions will not reduce risks or achieve required progress in the same way as integrated approaches will. CGIAR calls for a focus on harmonizing food security and environmental sustainability through agricultural research and development. This will require us to minimize the harmful effects of agriculture on the environment through more efficient management of water, soils and agricultural inputs. CGIAR calls for the sustainable management of complex agricultural systems while maximizing agricultural productivity and improving the livelihoods and food/nutrition security of the poor.

18 Jun 12


Contribution of Himalayan Ecosystems to Water, Energy, and Food Security in South Asia: A nexus approach

In the face of climatic and other socioeconomic changes, most South Asian countries having large and growing population, limited land resources, and increasing water stress face a common challenge of how to grow more food with the same or less land, less water, and increased energy prices. This concept paper seeks deeper understanding of the interlinkages among water, energy, and food, which is crucial to formulate cross-sectoral policies for more resilient and adaptable societies. In South Asia, such a nexus approach inevitably needs to take Himalayan ecosystem services into account. Rice and wheat, the staple foods in South Asia, require huge amounts of both water and energy. The Indus-Ganges-Brahmaputra plain - the sub-region’s grain basket and one of the world’s largest areas of irrigated agriculture - depends in large part on the Himalayan mountain system as a source of both surface and groundwater for irrigation; as a source of hydropower; and as a regulator of climate and a repository of agro-biodiversity. To sustain these services and to ensure both upstream and downstream food, water, and energy security in South Asia, policies and strategies must therefore promote improved management of Himalayan watersheds, forests, wetlands, and rangelands. Recommended measures include support to restoration of natural water storage capacity; development of climate smart, environmentally and socially sound water infrastructure; adequate investment for natural resource management; and incentives to mountain communities for managing Himalayan ecosystems.

18 Jun 12

Messages for Rio

Water cluster three priorities for Rio+20

On 8 June, FAN Global submitted three top priorities on behalf of the WASH cluster to the NGO Major Group which will be compiled into a compendium along with all other cluster priorities. The final compendium will be attached to a document comprising of a brief introduction of agreed principles outlining key demands by all Major Groups.

11 Jun 12

Policy Recommendation

Briefing Note “Water for Energy” by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

This paper aims at identifying and recommending best practices and policies from global business to address the water-energy nexus, while outlining potential drivers of innovation.

10 Jun 12


Rio+20 – A Water Guide for Negotiators and Young Water Experts

Water will be a central component of the Rio discussions due to its role in the green economy. Furthermore, water management structures will be part of the discussions at the Summit. A strong unified front from the water community is required to assure that the agreements made at Rio produce positive and lasting results regarding water resources. This guide seeks to introduce the Rio+20 process and facilitate water stakeholders’ participation in the process.

08 Jun 12


Exploring the Population/Water Resources Nexus in the Developing World

This article explores the population/water resources nexus by using empirical examples from Africa in order to isolate some of the strategically important issues that policymakers should recognize. Two distinct areas of Africa have been selected: first, “Southern Africa,” which for purposes of this article will mean countries belonging to the Southern African Development Community (SADC); and second, “East Africa,” which for purposes of this article will mean countries geographically located within the Nile River Basin.

08 Jun 12

Key Messages

Water: The Bloodstream of the Green Economy

Key messages to the 2012 Rio+20 Summit from the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI)

08 Jun 12


Nuclear Technology for a Sustainable Future – Water, Energy, Food, Ocean, Health

Nuclear technologies are used daily to find and protect sustainable sources of fresh water, produce energy and food, while providing researchers the tools to study the ocean’s past and predict its future. The IAEA helps its 154 member countries safely employ these technologies to ensure peace, health and prosperity throughout the world.

07 Jun 12

Opening Speech

Germany’s Foreign Office Secretary of State Emily Haber opens the Presentation of the Report “The Global Resource Nexus: The Struggles for Land, Energy, Food, Water, and Minerals”

“The report is indeed timely and very pertinent to our efforts in finding answers to some of the great questions of our time: how do we handle resource scarcities? How do we tackle climate change and mitigate its consequences? How does the growth of world population affect the globe? And – of course – what does all this imply for foreign policy?”

04 Jun 12


Resource Revolution: Meeting the World’s Energy, Materials, Food, and Water Needs

A joint report by the McKinsey Global Institute and McKinsey’s Sustainability & Resource Productivity Practice shows that the resource challenge can be met through a combination of expanding their supply and a step change in the way they are extracted, converted, and used. Resource productivity improvements that use existing technology would satisfy nearly 30 percent of demand in 2030. Fifteen areas, from more energy-efficient buildings to improved irrigation, could deliver 75 percent of the potential for higher resource productivity.

04 Jun 12


Vulnerability of US and European electricity supply to climate change

In the United States and Europe, at present 91% and 78% of the total electricity is produced by thermoelectric (nuclear and fossil-fuelled) power plants, which directly depend on the availability and temperature of water resources for cooling. During recent warm, dry summers several thermoelectric power plants in Europe and the southeastern United States were forced to reduce production owing to cooling-water scarcity. Here we show that thermoelectric power in Europe and the United States is vulnerable to climate change owing to the combined impacts of lower summer river flows and higher river water temperatures.

30 May 12


International Rivers’ Contribution for the Rio+20 Compilation Document

International Rivers welcomes the opportunity of Rio+20 to provide input into this critical process and offers the following comment and recommendations on the conference’s Green Economy theme.

30 May 12


The Water-Food-Energy-Climate Nexus

The World Economic Forum’s “Water Security: The Water-Food-Energy-Climate Nexus” provides a first-ever comprehensive assessment of the global water security problem and collects contributions from leaders of government, business, NGOs, academics, entrepreneurs, financial experts, journalists and many others to share their perspectives on the common water challenge we face today. The contributing authors, consisting of academics from Columbia University and international organizations such as the Asian Development Bank and International Finance Corporation and industry leaders such as Dow Chemical Company, Nestlé, PepsiCo and The Coca-Cola Company outline the challenges and how they impact not only business, but also society and the planet as a whole.

29 May 12

Policy Paper

Deliverables by UN-Water

for the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

29 May 12


Water in a Green Economy

This statement reflects a collective opinion of the UN-Water Members and comprises recommendations to the participants of the UNCSD 2012 as well as a list of potential actions in support of green economic approaches.

21 May 12

Living Planet Report 2012

The Living Planet Report is the world’s leading science-based analysis on the health of our only planet and the impact of human activity. Its key finding? Humanity’s demands exceed our planet’s capacity to sustain us. That is, we ask for more than what we have. A new edition of the report was released on 15 May 2012.

19 Apr 12

Issue Brief

Water/Energy/Climate Nexus

Water and energy are inextricably linked. Energy is needed to provide freshwater; and water is needed to produce most forms of energy. Climate change will hit through water. Power production is the largest single source of greenhouse gas emissions.

08 Mar 12



CLIMATE-L is a community announcement list for policy makers and practitioners involved in climate change policy. This free knowledge-sharing tool is managed and moderated by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Reporting Services. CLIMATE-L is a peer-to-peer service meant to advance understanding of issues related to climate change by allowing subscribers to post announcements related to activities with a strong focus on climate change policy. CLIMATE-L offers users a tool to better publicize and coordinate their efforts through virtual knowledge exchange.

16 Nov 11


EU Policy on Energy & Development: Update and Outlook

by Rainer Hakala, Energy Unit C.5., Directorate General for Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid, European Commission (EC)


10 Jul 15


As momentum builds towards the negotiation of the Sustainable Development Goals and UN climate change summit later this year, the G7 countries have made a strong statement about the importance of climate security risks.

25 Feb 15


Abstract submission for the conference “Exploring Geographic Connections”, organised by the Australian National University and taking place in Canberra, 1-3 July 2015, is now open. The event, organised by the Institute of Australian Geographers at the Australian National University (ANU), focuses on exploring and strengthening the links between geography and the diverse domains that geographers apply themselves. Two planned sessions deal explicitly with the nexus.

06 Feb 15

New Publication

The water-energy-food nexus is the “new kid on the block” in development thinking since 2008, and is a key concept within the UN post-2015 development agenda. The current framing of the nexus, however, needs to refocus onto the big issues of inequality and local access rights to resources according to a Special Issue of Water Alternatives, published this week.

09 May 14

A Critical View

In order to improve our environmental security, should we think of water, food, energy and climate in nexus-like ways? Richard Matthew is skeptical. While “nexus thinking” promises to reduce waste and inefficiency, it could also heighten inequality, instability and the potential for violent conflict.

07 May 14

Bonn 2014 Nexus Conference

The international conference in Bonn on 19/20 May 2014 aims to identify research and funding gaps to influence Nexus policy-making and research on a global level. It will bring together policy makers, scientists and other stakeholders to discuss the linkages across three key resource sectors – water, energy and food. Participants will address the sustainability of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus as a key research-for-action initiative and aim to develop ideas, ways and solutions to inform, influence, and catalyse necessary action by key stakeholder groups such as policymakers, non‐governmental organizations, the private sector, educators, researchers and others.

26 Mar 14

World Water Day 2014

“In the water sector, the food-energy-water nexus is slowly replacing the concept of Integrated Water Resources Management, “ says Jeremy Allouche, member of the IDS Water Justice Programme and the STEPS Centre.

25 Mar 14


The theme of this year’s World Water Day has been “Water and Energy.” IFPRI senior researcher Claudia Ringler highlights the potential role of water markets in the water-energy-food nexus under global climate change.

14 Mar 14


The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment is pleased to invite applications for a Postdoctoral Researcher to work with Professor Declan Conway. SAHEWS is a two-year collaborative research program, which aims to realise opportunities for more effective water management in Southern Africa by addressing crucial knowledge gaps and integrating climate information with better understanding of economic linkages in water, food and energy.

11 Mar 14

Nexus at the Africa Utility Week

“We should galvanize the interest the nexus debate is generating by operationalizing commitments into concrete programmes by building strategic partnerships and alliances as we move into the future,” says Paul T. Yillia, consultant at Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).

10 Mar 14

Nexus Conference

Summary of the sessions at the “Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference”, 5-8 Mar 2014, Chapel Hill/USA, provided by Campus Blueprint’s correspondents Grace Tatter, Anita Simha, Gayatri Surendranathan, and Kyle Ann Sebastian.

21 Feb 14

Felix Dodds

“We will not solve the food security challenge unless we solve the water and energy challenges,” says Felix Dodds. “This may be the puzzle to end all puzzles. But there’s a plan. - by Jon Turney

28 Jan 14

Media Workshop

Up to 20 selected journalists from developing countries across Asia will be sponsored by UN-Water to participate in a workshop which will include training and editorial sessions, meetings/interviews with experts and participation in the official UN celebration of World Water Day 2014. Application is now open, deadline for application is 10 Feb 2014.

22 Jan 14

Water-Energy Nexus

Moving forward into an uncertain energy future, the water intensity of a particular electricity source should be taken into consideration as a matter of course.

21 Jan 14

Data Project

Circle of Blue, a team of journalists and researchers reporting on water and worldwide resource issues, today launched Choke Point: Index, a dynamic on-the-ground journalism and data project that reveals the globally significant competition between water, food, and energy. The first phase, called “Dry Fields, Dirty Water,” explores three critical, water-challenged agricultural regions in the United States, and was announced during the International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi.

20 Jan 14

Water-Energy Nexus

In countries around the world, meeting daily energy needs is dependent on water. Finding sufficient water resources to produce the required energy, however, and then appropriately allocating the limited supply, is becoming more difficult.

11 Dec 13

The Nexus and Biofuel

“In the last few months, the European Union started to take a closer look at the negative implications of biofuel subsidies and, in particular, the mandates, imposing biofuel as a percentage of transportation energy consumed,” writes Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, Chairman of the Board at Nestlé S.A. “The closer look started to have an impact; but policy change remains slow, too slow.”

09 Dec 13

Research Grants

Fulbright NEXUS Program fosters collaborative and multidisciplinary research to address challenging regional issues, including the nexus between climate change and food and water security, and produce tangible results. Deadline for applications is 1 April 2014.

07 Nov 13

Research Scholarship

Humboldt University Berlin/Germany calls for applications for joining a Master or PhD/Postdoc programme on water governance in the MENA region. One of the potential research topics is management of the water-land use-agriculture nexus.

08 Oct 13

Call for Papers

Water Alternatives, an interdisciplinary journal on water, politics and development, will publish a special issue on Critical Thinking On the ‘New Security Convergence’ in Energy, Food, Climate and Water.

28 Jun 12

Nexus at Rio+20

A voice from the ground, Edward Byers, PhD student from Newcastle/UK, gives his view of the NEXUS event at the German Pavilion in Rio.

29 May 12


The Rio+20 Summit is less than a month away. Policymakers and civil society representatives have been advocating for the inclusion of the nexus approach in “The Future We Want”, the outcome document of the negotiations — by Olimar Maisonet-Guzmán

23 May 12

Sustainable Development Goals

World Bank Group identifies six key issues and key messages for Rio+20

19 Apr 12

Green Climate Fund

On 13 April 2012 Germany officially submitted its application for Bonn to accommodate the headquarters of the Green Climate Fund (GCF). Uschi Eid, Co-Chairs of the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference, has recently been nominated as ambassadors to promote this application.

03 Oct 11

Nexus Blog

Why attempts to ensure water, food and energy security should focus on innovative bottom-up strategies rather than large multipurpose projects

Recent NEXUS Events

04–05 Nov 15


During the event “Climate Week: We are All Responsible”, a Nexus Café will be organised

01–03 Jul 15


The conferences, organised by the Institute of Australian Geographers at the Australian National University (ANU), focuses on exploring and strengthening the links between geography and the diverse domains that geographers apply themselves. The conference will draw attention to the existing and potential contributions made by geographers to the policy sphere and wider governance system through interactions with the business sector, the not for profit sector and others, in a wide range of contexts, from urban to rural. Two planned sessions deal explicitly with the nexus.

04–08 Oct 15


This is a contribution to the global Future Earth programme, a 10-year international research initiative that will develop the knowledge for responding effectively to the risks and opportunities of global environmental change and supporting transformation towards global sustainability in the coming decades.

25–27 Mar 15

Conference Series

The conference is a first in a series of biyearly conferences aiming at developing a post-2015 agenda for a nexus approach on water, soil and waste

06–07 Mar 14


The city of Beira is considered to be heavily hit by climate change. In fact the worst hit city in Africa, therefore it was picked for a project on the effects of climate, land use and urbanization on water resources in the city of Beira took place in the capital of Mozambique, Maputo

02–03 Apr 14

International Conference

The conference will focus on the benefits of transboundary cooperation in ensuring energy, food and water security with a nexus and climate change perspective.

21–23 May 14

Nexus Conference

The problems commony known as the water energy food nexus are too tighly interwoven to tackle them alone. On this conference in Mexico City, there will be lots of opportunities to share knowledge from all of thoses fields from all over the world and to strengthen ties to tackle those problems together

29–31 Oct 13

Climate Congress

This biennial Congress held under ICLEI Africa’s Urban Leadership for African Sustainability (ULAS) programme provides a platform for African local leaders, national governments, scientists, technical experts, development partners, business, industry and civil society to engage on the complex issues and innovative solutions related to urbanisation in Africa through the broad context of climate change.

06–08 Feb 14

14th Delhi Sustainable Development Summit

At the World Water Week 2011 in Stockholm, discussions focussed on how population growth, expanding cities, and accelerating economic activity increase the demand for energy and food and create unsustainable pressure on water resources. The 14th Delhi Sustainable Development Summit will deliberate on these topics and strive to find ways forward, toward a greener and more sustainable future. DSDS 2014 will continue to feature thematic tracks, successfully introduced at DSDS 2013, revolving around specific issues in the areas of energy, water and food security.

24 Oct 13

Weston Roundtable Series

This presentation will include case studies dealing with soil, air, and water contamination and carbon cycling/sequestration to show how the application of a multi-scale, interdisciplinary approach can provide important insights into environmental degradation and restoration.

17 Oct 13


Public Lecture by Dr. David Feldman at the University of Kentucky

15–16 Oct 13

Panel at the IWA Development Congress

Climate Services in support of water management decision making.

28–29 Nov 13

Policy Forum

On 28-29 November 2013, the Berlin2013 Policy Forum “Realizing the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus”, hosted by BMZ in coordination with BMU and organized by GIZ, represents a major building block in a series of Nexus Dialogues which emanated from the Bonn2011 Nexus-Conference.

05–07 Nov 12


The objective of this conference is to discuss and identify priority areas following the outcomes of the 6th World Water Forum and the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20 or UNCSD).

22 Oct–03 Nov 12


KTH Division of Energy Systems Analysis (DESA) invites PhD students and researchers with an interest in integrated resource modelling to the course on Integrated Assessment of Climate, Land Use, Energy and Water Systems. The course will be held in conjunction with an IAEA meeting hosted by the Swedish government at KTH with the same name, bringing together analysts from several countries as well as leading modelers and academics.

09 Nov 12


This seminar, organised by ICID.UK and the UEA Water Security Research Centre with support from NERC, will examine global and local irrigation policy in the context of drought and high food prices.

21 Aug 12

Interactive Conference Call

The Great Lakes and Great Lakes states are in the midst of a remarkable and confounding ecological and economic transition related to climate change and the fossil energy sector that industries and scientists are busy trying to anticipate and understand.

30 Aug 12

Seminar at the World Water Week Stockholm

This seminar will analyse how the water-food nexus is being affected by climate change in two of the more important mountain regions of the world: the Andes and the Himalayas. The seminar will review concepts, discuss relevant cases that address different dimensions of the water-food nexus and innovative approaches for dealing with depleting resources, as well as provide guidance to mitigate the impact of the vulnerable water-food nexus in developing regions.

01–05 Jul 12


Singapore International Water Week (SIWW) 2012 provides the platform to address today’s challenges and explore opportunities in the integration of water solutions and urban planning in cities around the world. Opportunities abound for global water leaders and practitioners from the public and private sectors to debate in water dialogues, network with key industry players, showcase leading-edge technologies and best practices and identify viable solutions to address this common challenge.

16 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

By highlighting the linkages among climate change risks and opportunities, sustainable development and adaptation, this session will explore how companies can integrate and build effective resilience measures into their business strategies, operations and throughout the value chain.

21 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

A high level debate on the climate security agenda in the Amazon and worldwide

18 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

This event will profile some of the world’s most innovative “natural capital partnerships” implementing integrated approaches toward the transition to green growth and green economies today. It will promote a south-south knowledge exchange and commitments from Mexico, the Coastal Eastern Africa region and Asia’s Greater Mekong Subregion.

14 May–18 Jun 12


The Africa Water Week (aww) is organized by the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW) and represents a political commitment at the highest level with over 1000 participants from governments, regional institutions, international partners, the private sector, the scientific community, civil society, and the media from all over the world, and in particular Africa, meeting to discuss and collectively seek solutions to Africa’s water and sanitation challenges.

16 Apr 12


Stanford experts from a range of disciplines will discuss the interconnections and interactions among humanity’s needs for and use of water, food, energy, and environment.

27 Mar 12

Session at “Planet under Pressure” Conference

A NEXUS session to analyse the different nexus connections, chaired by Jamie Pittock

18–23 Jun 12

Rio de Janeiro

15–18 Jun 12

Innovation and Collaboration for the Future We Want

11–15 Jun 12

The Forum is organised by ICSU, in partnership with UNESCO, the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), the International Social Science Council (ISSC), the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and the Brazilian Academy of Sciences.

13–18 May 12

The Congress will explore the topics of resilient and sustainable cities with a focus on climate change adaptation and mitigation together with the impacts and responses of climate change on water resources. Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, operating in a carbon constrained world and a focus on renewable energy including practical applications and integration in to the energy mix will be covered.

NEXUS in the Media

26 Apr 16


Living in a water insecure world

The familiar stability of the world’s water cycle won’t return in the lifetime of anyone alive today.

02 Feb 16


Soil Should Be the Foundation of Food, Water, and Energy Policy

“All roads lead back to soil,” said Chef Dan Barber.

15 Oct 15


Minds converge at MTU Food-Water-Energy Climate workshop

The National Science Foundation is sponsoring a workshop at Michigan Technological University on Friday and Saturday Oct. 16-17,

15 Oct 15


Michigan Tech Hosts Food-Water-Energy Climate Workshop

The National Science Foundation is sponsoring a workshop at Michigan Technological University on Friday and Saturday Oct. 16-17, on the basics of life: food, energy, water and climate.

05 Oct 15


The new energy-water-food nexus

Our planet has to provide for the survival and prosperity of its expanding population.

08 Sep 15


Climate and southern Africa’s water-energy-food nexus

In southern Africa, the connections between climate and the water–energy–food nexus are strong.

07 Sep 15


Food foolish: Waste, hunger and climate change

In reality, we produce enough food to feed 10 billion people - everyone today and those expected by 2050. Yet people are still hungry. It’s hard to imagine so much waste of something so valuable in our modern, connected world.

25 Aug 15


The Intersection of Water, Energy and Climate

Global experts gather in Stockholm for World Water Week amidst a backdrop of water-related crises worldwide.

18 Aug 15

News Article

Masdar Institute Working to Bolster UAE’s Agriculture Sector through Soil Enhancement Research

Emirati Student Developing “Microbeads” to Improve UAE’s Soils to Increase Local Crop Production

01 Apr 15


China’s Water-Energy-Food Roadmap: A New Global Choke Point Report

The creation of a water-energy research initiative in the landmark U.S.-China climate agreement last fall could be the beginning of a new and different path for Sino-U.S. collaboration.

16 Dec 14


The food-water-energy nexus defeated the Romans. It could defeat us too

The Romans discovered the food-water-energy nexus - and not in a good way. We need to heed the warnings from Roman history.

24 Jun 14

The parched planet: Water on tap

Researchers are exploring unconventional sources of fresh water to quench the globe’s growing thirst.

06 May 14


Beyond The “Water-Food-Energy-Climate Nexus”

In order to improve our environmental security, should we think of water, food, energy and climate in nexus-like ways? Richard Matthew is skeptical. While “nexus thinking” promises to reduce waste and inefficiency, it could also heighten inequality, instability and the potential for violent conflict.

06 May 14

Resilience, Partnership in the Face of Tragedy

Last November, the devastating Super Typhoon “Yolanda” (Haiyan) slashed across the Eastern Visayas region, impacting the lives of hundreds of thousands of Filipinos. In succeeding days, we witnessed how our people struggled with severe water and food shortages as they were cut off from power, the continued supply of which could have made the relief operations much easier. As the Philippines grapples with the myriad challenges of rebuilding, it should perhaps take cognizance of the tight links between energy, water, and food - the significance of which was glaringly shown in the Leyte devastation. By Edward O. Chua, Shell

05 May 14


Workshop Addresses Earth Observations and the Water-Energy-Food Nexus

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) hosted the Workshop on Earth Observations (EO) and the Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus. Participants discussed: examples of EO contributions to WEF nexus assessments; information needs of WEF policy-makers; gaps in monitoring information and services that could be addressed by EO; and development of a synthesis report on the state of EO applications to WEF issues. The meeting took place from 25-27 March 2014, at FAO Headquarters, in Rome, Italy.

25 Feb 14


Nat Geo’s Dennis Dimick on the Food-Water-Energy Nexus, Coal, and the Year Ahead

Dennis Dimick of National Geographic explains in this podcast the connection between political unrests, food price, and energy investments. All of these are connected by the nexus of water-energy-food-security-climate-change

17 Feb 14


The Water-Food-Energy Nexus: Insights into resilient development

The water-energy-food nexus is crucial for future planning as well as contemporary economy. In this report WWF and SABMiller focuessed their interests and explain what policy makers need to take into consideration when planning ahead so all nexus aspects will be adressed properly. In this report, 16 countries are considered in case studies

16 Feb 14

Stress Nexus: when demands on food, water and energy become unsustainable

“The world has entered a period of volatility and transition - every choice that is made from here on will have an impact on what will happen in the near future. What is done today will determine if the planet will still be capable of sustaining life in the midst of the growing demands on energy, food and water,” says Zsarlene B. Chua.

06 Feb 14


Data sharing and joint thinking urged for Amazonia

Data on the nexus are disrupted in incoherent. To address the nexus challenges, governments in the Amazonian region need to unify existing data to improve planning and avoid even higher social and financial costs, experts say

04 Feb 14

Jeremy Bentham, Shell: “Gearing up for the future”

The inefficient use of natural resources and energy continues, especially in developing countries where population growth is most significant. Developed countries are often very wasteful. The combined annual food waste from Europe and the United States alone, for example, could feed about 1.5 billion people, notes Jeremy Bentham, Shell Vice President for Global Business Environment.

29 Jan 14

Press Release

Dry Fields, Dirty Water: Fresh Water in American Farm Regions is in Precarious Condition

Water scarcity and pollution endager not only ecosystems, but particularly the food basket regions of the USA and many other countries all over the world.

21 Jan 14

The water-energy challenge is manifold

By Michel Jarraud, Chair of UN-Water. - A sustainable future depends on our capacity to address the water-energy nexus and harness related opportunities. Water and energy are both drivers and inhibitors of economic growth and improvement of human health and well-being. However, decision and policymakers often fail to recognise the interdependencies between the two, sometimes leading to situations where securing one puts the other at risk.

20 Jan 14

Solar Micro-Grid Aims to Boost Power and Food in Haiti

EarthSpark, the project’s leader, won a Powering Agriculture grant for clean energy development. This new model for connecting homes and businesses to clean, reliable power using smart meters, solar panels, and a small, independent power grid is being put to the test in Haiti.

14 Jan 14

EDF Blog

We can’t expect a reliable energy future without talking water

“It’s no secret that electricity generation requires substantial amounts of water”, writes, Kate Zerrenner, project manager with EDF’s US Climate and Energy program, “and different energy sources require varying amounts of water. Nor is it a surprise that Texas and other areas in the West and Southwest are in the midst of a persistent drought. Given these realities, it is surprising that water scarcity is largely absent from the debate over which energy sources are going to be the most reliable in our energy future.”

13 Oct 13


Saudis Moving From Local Food Production on Energy, Water Costs

Saudi Arabia policy is moving away from trying to grow wheat locally to importing more food as the energy costs for irrigation and water exceed import prices, a Saudi official said today at a conference in Budapest.

23 Apr 13

India’s resource nexus: priorities for action

Resource security matters for India. It has to simultaneously secure energy, water and other minerals to support economic growth; meet basic needs for food, fuel and water for a growing population; and manage the environmental constraints and consequences of increased resource use.

07 Dec 12

Holger Hoff on climate and the water-energy-land nexus in the Middle East

An integrated perspective could help countries in the region find more effective approaches to climate-smart development, mitigation and adaptation, the SEI researcher says.

07 Dec 12

Climate: Why women are the agents of change

Together with the Rockefeller Foundation, the UN Climate Change secretariat has launched a new initiative to recognize the critical role of women in fighting climate change: “Momentum for Change: Women for Results.” “Women have the power to make a major difference. They are at the nexus between food, water and energy. This nexus is both the challenge and the solution to climate change, and we need to ensure women’s leadership in bringing about the solutions,” said UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres.

27 Aug 12

Reducing agriculture’s thirst for water

The relationship between water and food production is in focus at this year’s World Water Week in Stockholm. Climate-related issues like droughts are just one factor putting pressure on the world’s water resources. “Water is life. It is the heart of a green economy. That’s why we must talk about water efficiency,” stressed Kenza Robinson, the secretary of UN-Water who also works at the United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs.

27 Aug 12

Food for Thought

There’s no better time than now for the American public to appreciate the “water-energy-food nexus,” or as I like to call it, the “liquid triangle of life”. To farmers across the U.S., particularly the Midwest, it’s painfully obvious: The historic drought, sweeping across the land like a silent tsunami, is wreaking economic, environmental, and emotional havoc in its wake. It should be a wake-up call for all of us to value water, appreciate the embedded role it plays in our economy, and manage it wisely (saving for a rainy day as well as preparing for rain-less days).

23 Aug 12

UN calls on nations to adopt drought policies

Michel Jarraud, WMO Secretary-General said: “Climate change is projected to increase the frequency, intensity and duration of droughts, with impacts on many sectors, in particular food, water, and energy. We need to move away from a piecemeal, crisis-driven approach and develop integrated risk-based national drought policies.”

22 Aug 12

Feeding a Thirsty World

The World Water Week 2012 in Stockholm will zoom in on food security and the global water situation. This is warranted not least from the perspective of the increasing imbalances in global food security. In this article, Dr. Anders Jägerskog sums up the thrust of a report he edited on this topic, which is meant to provide input for the Week’s deliberations.

20 Aug 12

The world is closer to a food crisis than most people realise

Unless we move quickly to adopt new population, energy, and water policies, the goal of eradicating hunger will remain just that. Time is running out. The world may be much closer to an unmanageable food shortage – replete with soaring food prices, spreading food unrest, and ultimately political instability– than most people realise.

13 Aug 12

To solve climate change, let’s move beyond climate change

Water, energy, food - these three issues are the essential holy trinity of environmental sustainability. They are maddeningly intertwined and their effect reaches everyone – private, public, and social sectors alike. Because everyone is affected by each of these issues, and because they are so intertwined, everyone needs to be at the table. No one entity, no matter how large, can save us from ourselves.

20 Jun 12

Bangladesh wary of “green economy” agenda at Rio+20

Bangladesh will advocate for a “green economy” approach that does not constrain poorer nations’ potential to grow at the U.N. conference on sustainable development in Rio de Janeiro this week. “We are concerned the green economy path will hamper our economic development. How effective will it be for poverty eradication?” Quazi Khaliquzzaman Ahmed, convener of Bangladesh’s climate change negotiation team, told AlertNet. “Unless poor countries get adequate funds from the major polluter (nations), it won’t be possible for them to green their economy.

15 Jun 12

Africa: Rio+20 Conference - “World Cannot Grow At the Expense of Poor People”

Recommendations by CARE International for Rio+20 – According to the CARE report launched today entitled “One Planet - One Future: Equity and resilience for sustainable development”, climate change, food insecurity and unequal distribution of rights are pressing burdens mainly shouldered by the poorest people. They are increasingly affected by more severe disasters such as floods or droughts and they have limited safety nets to rely on in times of hardship. Among the most vulnerable people are women and girls, who are often responsible for providing food and water to their families, yet may have no rights to own land or participate in decisions that affect their lives. “Only by tackling climate change, food insecurity and gender inequality we can build resilience of local communities and deliver equity and social justice for poor women and men,” says Vaughan.

12 Jun 12

So much to do, so little time

“Along with thousands of government delegates, activists, academics, business chiefs and other journalists I’m making my way this week to Rio de Janeiro,” says BBC’s correspondent Richard Black.

08 Jun 12

Europe needs policies to decouple economic growth from water and energy consumption

What are the EU’s policy options? In my view, it’s a matter of getting the balance right between a range of long-term, location-specific policies that take a holistic approach to promoting efficiency and penalising waste. These policies could include co-operation at the level of watersheds, integrated water planning and management, and applying a lifecycle perspective to the energy production chain. Inter-ministerial task-forces could co-ordinate different policy objectives, while valuing and paying for water ecosystem services, and ending perverse subsidies could also be part of the mix.

04 Jun 12

Wassermangel könnte Stromproduktion gefährden

Der Klimawandel bedroht die Stromerzeugung in den USA und Europa, weil in heißen Sommern das Kühlwasser knapp wird. Ohne ausreichende Kühlung sind Kraftwerke nicht zu betreiben, warnen Forscher. Der Sektor müsse sich dringend anpassen - sonst drohten Fehlinvestitionen.

04 Jun 12

Tödlicher Fortschritt am Turkana-See

Hunderttausenden Menschen droht eine ökologische Katastrophe: Ein gigantischer äthiopischer Staudamm könnte dazu führen, dass der Turkana-See in Kenia noch weiter austrocknet. Die Region gilt jetzt schon als eine der gewalttätigsten Afrikas - die Konflikte würden sich weiter verschärfen.

30 May 12

Sustainable Development Goals for the New Generation

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have become a contentious proposal among Member States that are currently negotiating the outcome document for Rio+20. Member States and the international community are looking for the successors of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which will expire in 2015. The current framework helped the international community to rally behind a common understanding of poverty eradication, and it provided targets and indicators to guide policy decisions. However, the MDGs overemphasised economic poverty and gave limited attention to the structural causes of poverty or to sustainable development.

29 May 12

The Water-Energy-Food Security Challenge: America As The Global Savior?

Can the world support the aspirations for food and energy of the 7 billion people that now inhabit it? Will we meet the needs of the additional 2 billion people that we expect will be here by 2050? More than ever, the answers to these questions depend on how wisely we use the world’s fresh water resources — to both meet our own needs and to sustain the basic water requirements of all life that inhabits our blue planet.

25 May 12

Lords debate Food Security Policy

“Agriculture is at the nexus of three of the greatest challenges of the 21st century-achieving food security, adapting to climate change, and mitigating climate change while critical resources such as water, energy and land become increasingly scarce”.

24 May 12

UNCCD calls for agriculture to be central to Rio+20

Agriculture and a focus on land and soil should be central to both this year’s UNFCCC climate talks and the Earth Summit in June.

15 May 12

The U.S. Global Change Research Program’s National Global Change Research Plan 2012-2021

Assessment of human-environment systems together is so important, the document stresses, because the interdependence of Earth system processes affects ecosystems, human communities, and socio-economic sectors. Key resources – water, energy, and food – are strongly connected to the environment and are thus vulnerable to global change.

23 Apr 12

Three-day 10th Gulf Water Conference opens today

The three-day conference with the title ‘Water in the GCC States: The Water-Energy-Food Nexus’ and under the patronage of Minister of Energy and Industry H E Dr Mohammed bin Saleh Al Sada, will witness top officials from GCC and Arab and international water, energy, and food professionals.

12 Apr 12

Growing Food Demand Strains Energy, Water Supplies

The northern region of Gujarat State in western India (map) is semi-arid and prone to droughts, receiving almost all of its rain during the monsoon season between June and September. But for the past three decades, many crop and dairy farms have remained green — even during the dry season. The challenge for Gujarat and other areas lies at what is commonly known these days as the water-energy nexus. Broadly speaking, the term refers to the ways in which water and energy resources are interdependent.

11 Apr 12

The Other Arab Spring

Tensions over land, water and food: The Arab awakening was driven not only by political and economic stresses, but, less visibly, by environmental, population and climate stresses


  • IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute
  • WEF World Economic Forum
  • WWF World Wide Fund for Nature

Bonn2011 Nexus Conference – in the context of Bonn Perspectives

  • Bonn Perspectives

initiated by

  • BONN
  • BMZ

funded by

  • European Regional Development Fund EFRE
  • NRW Ministerin fr Bundesangelegenheiten, Europa und Medien des Landes Nordrhein-Westphalen
Server monitoring