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NEXUS Knowledge


NEXUS Initiatives

The Multilateral Development Banks (MDB) heads agreed to develop a joint action plan, stressing the need to reduce food price volatility and improve food and water security in coordination with the Group of Twenty (G-20). The 3-year action plan focuses on four priority areas: Supporting food access for poor and vulnerable people, addressing food market volatility, financing investments and promoting policy frameworks to improve agricultural productivity, and helping countries allocate water efficiently across sectors, and supporting the agricultural sector in using water productively throughout the value chain.

NEXUS in Practice

Modern Agriculture

by University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA)

Innovative Water Management

by Fondation SEMFAO and GIZ

NEXUS Resources

15 Sep 14

Abstract Volume

Energy and Water

This volume contains material from the World Water Week in Stockholm August 31-September 5, 2014, focussing on energy and water

16 May 14


Energy Access and the Nexus with Water, Food and Land

Presentation by Prof. Emanuela Colombo, Rector’s Delegate to Cooperation and Development, UNESCO Chair in Energy for Sustainable Development, Department of Energy - Politecnico di Milano.

16 May 14


5th Assembly of the Global Environment Facility (GEF): “Water-Energy-Food Nexus”

The forthcoming Assembly of GEF, taking place on 29 May 2014 in Cancun/Mexico, will focus on the interconntectedness

14 May 14


China’s Water-Energy Nexus Challenge

Access to water and energy and continuity of supply are two critical issues facing China today. With the population expected to reach 1.6 billion people by 2030, the increasing demand for water and energy will far exceed available resources. Even today, China struggles to provide enough clean, fresh water and energy for industry, agriculture and domestic users. Limited resources have driven China to devise large infrastructure projects, which will significantly change the flows of natural waterways. It is also looking at the Tibetan Plateau as a potential source of future water and energy supply. Encompassing the sources of many of the largest rivers in Asia, China has the power to play water hegemon in the region, raising concerns about water security for downstream riparian neighbours. By Sinéad Lehane, Acting Research Manager, Global Food and Water Crises Research Programme

06 May 14


“The Energy-Water-Food Nexus: Insights for the Business Community”

Through a thorough review of 54 documents (vetted by government, industry, and NGO experts), this document, published by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation, identifies steps that companies can take to understand and address their connections to the E-W-F nexus. These steps include: 1) Understanding the interconnected nature of the nexus; 2) Surveying and Data Collecting to find a company’s total resource consumption, and from where the resources are consumed; 3) Assessing Risks and Opportunities to see how a corporation’s consumption of resources can impact business operations; 4) Implementing technologies and programs to mitigate nexus risks; 5) Collaborating with stakeholders to address shared risks; 6) Leading the charge to address nexus challenges through engaging the business community.

29 Mar 14


Food, water, and energy security in South Asia: A nexus perspective from the Hindu Kush Himalayan region

By Golam Rasul. - With limited land resources, inadequate energy supply, and growing water stress, South Asia faces the challenge of providing enough water and energy to grow enough food for the burgeoning population. Using secondary data from diverse sources, this paper explores the food, water, and energy nexus from a regional dimension, emphasizing the role of Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) ecosystem services in sustaining food, water, and energy security downstream. The analysis reveals that the issues and challenges in the food, water, and energy sectors are interwoven in many complex ways and cannot be managed effectively without cross-sectoral integration. The most distinctive feature of the nexus in South Asia is the high degree of dependency of downstream communities on upstream ecosystem services for dry-season water for irrigation and hydropower, drinking water, and soil fertility and nutrients. This finding suggests that along with cross-sectoral integration to improve the resource-use efficiency and productivity of the three sectors, regional integration between upstream and downstream areas is critical in food, water, and energy security. Within the nexus approach in South Asia, equal attention should be paid to management of HKH ecosystems–especially the watersheds, catchments, and headwaters of river systems–and to tapping the potential of collaborative gains in water, hydropower, and other ecosystem services through coordination across HKH countries.

21 Mar 14


World Water Development Report 2014: “Water and Energy”

In view of the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, likely to include increased access to water and energy services, this 5th edition of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR 2014) seeks to inform decision-makers (inside and outside the water and energy domains), stakeholders and practitioners about the interlinkages, potential synergies and trade-offs, and to highlight the need for appropriate responses and regulatory frameworks that account for both water and energy priorities. - Water and energy are closely interconnected and highly interdependent. Choices made and actions taken in one domain can greatly affect the other, positively or negatively. Trade-offs need to be managed to limit negative impacts and foster opportunities for synergy. Water and energy have crucial impacts on poverty alleviation both directly, as a number of the Millennium Development Goals depend on major improvements in access to water, sanitation, power and energy sources, and indirectly, as water and energy can be binding constraints on economic growth - the ultimate hope for widespread poverty reduction. - The Report provides a comprehensive overview of major and emerging trends from around the world, with examples of how some of the trend-related challenges have been addressed, their implications for policy-makers, and further actions that can be taken by stakeholders and the international community.

28 Nov 13

Policy Brief

Realising the Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus

This policy brief provides an overview of Nexus Dialogues, the implementation of the nexus perspective in German development cooperation and present Nexus Initiatives which have emerged from the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference.

03 Sep 13

Book Publication

On water security, sustainability, and the water-food-energy-climate nexus

The role of water security in sustainable development and in the nexus of water, food, energy and climate interactions is examined from the starting point of the definition of water security offered by Grey and Sadoff. Much about the notion of security has to do with the presumption of scarcity in the resources required to meet human needs. The treatment of scarcity in mainstream economics is in turn examined, therefore, in relation to how each of us as individuals reconciles means with ends, a procedure at the core of the idea of sustainable development. According to the Grey-Sadoff definition, attaining water security amounts to achieving basic, singlesector water development as a precursor of more general, self-sustaining, multi-sectoral development. This is consistent with the way in which water is treated as “first among equals”, i.e. privileged, in thinking about what is key in achieving security around the nexus of water, food, energy and climate. Cities, of course, are locations where demands for these multiple resource-energy flows are increasingly being generated. The paper discusses two important facets of security, i.e., diversity of access to resources and services (such as sanitation) and resilience in the behavior of coupled human-built-natural systems. Eight quasi-operational principles, by which to gauge nexus security with respect to city buildings and infrastructure, are developed.

07 Aug 13

Strategy Document

Toward a Sustainable Energy Future for All: Directions for the World Bank Group’s Energy Sector

As global energy markets evolve rapidly, producing and maintaining a reliable power supply for many countries in the developing world remains a significant issue. The World Bank Group will approach this energy crisis in partnership with the United Nations Sustainable Energy for All initiative. Client countries focus on universal access, accelerating improvements in energy efficiency, and doubling the global share of renewable energy by 2030. Achieving these goals will help to end extreme poverty, because economic growth and shared prosperity is not possible without access to energy. Even with the proper infrastructure for energy production, prices often remain higher than the global average, resulting in households using self-supplied alternatives such as unclean, diesel generators. To remedy this situation, energy must be distributed and consumed efficiently through programs supported by a sound pricing and tariff policy, by subsidies targeting the poor, and by mechanisms for carbon pricing. The World Bank Group is committed to providing long-term solutions tailored to specific circumstances of each client country in the areas of renewable energy, natural gas, transmission and distribution, regional trade and market integration, financial performance, sector planning, access, and post-conflict reconstruction.

20 Dec 12


Energy and Water Supply - Case Studies and Lesons Learnt for Regional Approaches

Opportunities and Technical Solutions to Address Water Shortage in East Africa Through Better Understanding of the Water & Energy Nexus. Held by Dr. Vincent Kitio, Energy Advisor at UN-Habitat, at the African Dialogue on the Water-Food-Energy Nexus in Nairobi.

24 Oct 12


Rethinking Food Security: New Dynamics of Green Growth, Food-Water-Energy Nexus, Public-Private-Partnerships and the Changing Role of Rice

by Dr Larry C.Y. Wong, Program Director, TIES, held at the National Convention on Food Security in Malaysia, 15-16 Oct 2012, Putrajaya, Malaysia

27 Sep 12

Roundtable on Water Security

Sec State Hillary Clinton: “Access to clean water is critical”

Hillary Clinton speaking to the UN Roundtable on Water Security: “Water scarcity could have profound implications for security... I think water should be a priority in every nation’s foreign policy and domestic agenda, and we need to work together to advance cooperation on shared waters.”

17 Sep 12


Rethinking Human Security: The Nexus on the Ground

In the final installment of the Global Resource Nexus Series, Junior Fellow Corey Johnson examines the everyday politics behind resource allocation and consumption. He examines the role resources play in causing migration, and the importance of cities in understanding and addressing the resource nexus.

17 Sep 12

Strategic Analysis Paper

The Food, Energy and Water Nexus (FEW) and Gross National Happiness in Bhutan

The complex interplay of food, energy, and water demand and supply poses numerous policy challenges, especially in the context of expanding population sizes, rising standards of living, and resource management constraints due to sustainable environmental practices.1 Bhutan provides an interesting illustration of how these issues can be addressed holistically, in a relatively socially responsible, economically beneficial and environmentally sustainable way. By Paula Hanasz, Future Directions international

14 Sep 12


Rising prices, rising environmental regions?

Constructing a multi-level governance framework for the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus in the SADC region - by Inga Jacobs, Water Research Commission (WRC), and Manisha Gulati, WWF South Africa

12 Sep 12


Launching a New Analytical Platform to Explore the Water-Energy Nexus

by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), with funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the California Energy Commission

04 Sep 12


Dams on the Mekong River: Lost fish protein and the implications for land and water resources

by Stuart Orr, WWF International

03 Sep 12


Towards a Green and Growing Economy with the Water, Energy and Food Nexus

by Joachim von Braun, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn

31 Aug 12


Nexus in and nexus-driven connections between river basins: Reflection of global nexus changes in large basins

by Janos J. Bogardi, Executive Officer of GWSP

23 Aug 12


Maximising the Benefits: Water, Food and Energy Matrix

by Victor Muyeba and Jackson Mulenga, Devolution Trust Fund, Zambia

19 Jun 12

Messages for Rio

Sustainability is Essential for Development

Interview with Stephan Opitz, Director General of KfW, on the Rio+20 conference and the work of KfW. On the occasion of the UN-conference Rio+20 he explains how Germany’s promotional bank implements this task. KfW promotes sustainable projects and programmes in developing and transition countries in areas such as water supply, food security and energy and is in this way supporting a “green economy” in its partner countries.

13 Jun 12


HSBC: Exploring the links between water and economic growth

Population and economic growth are putting pressure on available fresh water resources worldwide. Uncertain water availability is a challenge that many countries face, which can impact economic growth. This ‘water challenge’, and its links to economic growth, has multiple dimensions, one of which is access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation services. Improved access has a direct positive impact on people and communities leading to significant social, economic and environmental benefits. This explains why a Millennium Development Goal (MDG) is “to reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015 compared with 1990 levels”. Water resource management at river basins is another key link between water and economic growth. Effective management of freshwater resources helps sustain agriculture, industries, ecosystems and communities. This executive summary focuses on the new findings from the report regarding the links between these two dimensions, and economic growth.

10 Jun 12


Rio+20 – A Water Guide for Negotiators and Young Water Experts

Water will be a central component of the Rio discussions due to its role in the green economy. Furthermore, water management structures will be part of the discussions at the Summit. A strong unified front from the water community is required to assure that the agreements made at Rio produce positive and lasting results regarding water resources. This guide seeks to introduce the Rio+20 process and facilitate water stakeholders’ participation in the process.

08 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Sustainable access to food, energy and water

The main challenge of building a sustainable world is to ensure the right of each and every one of the world’s people to resources and basic services. Furthermore, we have the inescapable obligation to do so in a responsible manner for both us and the rest of species while ensuring the rights of future generations and without exceeding the carrying capacity of the Earth’s natural resources. The scale of this challenge is still tremendous.

08 Jun 12


Nuclear Technology for a Sustainable Future – Water, Energy, Food, Ocean, Health

Nuclear technologies are used daily to find and protect sustainable sources of fresh water, produce energy and food, while providing researchers the tools to study the ocean’s past and predict its future. The IAEA helps its 154 member countries safely employ these technologies to ensure peace, health and prosperity throughout the world.

04 Jun 12

Concept Paper

The Water Security Nexus – Challenges and Opportunities for Development Cooperation

Is water the “gold of the 21st century,” potentially triggering “water wars” between countries sharing the precious resource? Such scenarios proliferated in the 1990s, but today a different paradigm is taking root. Politicians are beginning to emphasise the peace dividend of water cooperation; and development agencies are now supporting transboundary water cooperation projects around the world. And even at the highest level of political discourse, water cooperation has been identified as an entry point for broader peacebuilding.

01 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Key Messages on Water, Energy and Food to the Norwegian Government for Rio+20

Key messages developed during the seminar “On Food, Water and Energy - in the Context of Rio+20” by participants from Norwegian and international NGO’s during their working groups to the Norwegian Government

01 Jun 12

Fact Sheet

Nile Basin Discourse: Water, Food and Energy Security in A Changing Climate

Climate variability is a problem in the Nile Basin and is increasing. Urgent solutions are needed to address the water-food-climate crisis. Many of the solutions need better cooperation and discussion between the Nile Basin riparian countries.

01 Jun 12

In Preparation of Rio+20

Women’s Major Group Intervention “Food, Water and Energy”

The Women’s Major Group urges for constructive work on food, water, sanitation and energy. Women, youth and indigenous people are affected most by insuffient efforts to improve access and quality of services in these sectors. – by Rosa Lizarde

31 May 12


Prince of Orange: “The nexus should be central in thinking about a viable future for our planet”

Speech of HRH Prince of Orange during in interactive meeting in preparation of Rio on 30 May 2012 in Rotterdam

30 May 12


International Rivers’ Contribution for the Rio+20 Compilation Document

International Rivers welcomes the opportunity of Rio+20 to provide input into this critical process and offers the following comment and recommendations on the conference’s Green Economy theme.

30 May 12


Water, Energy, Food Nexus: A Perspective Through Eyes of Water Policy

by Dr. Jerome Delli Priscoli, Institute for Water Resources, US Army Corps of Engineers, Governor World Water Council, Editor in Chief Water Policy, held on the SAWEF Conference in South Africa

29 May 12

Water-Energy Nexus

No water, no energy. No energy, no water.

The interrelationship between water and energy goes around and around. Increasing demands on water from the private and public sectors are impacting the world’s ability to meet its energy needs. In parallel, the need for more and more water for agricultural, industrial and domestic uses requires more energy. A constraint in either resource limits the other, and this nexus of supply and demand poses substantial risks for virtually every government and every type of business.

29 May 12

Policy Paper

Deliverables by UN-Water

for the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

21 May 12

Living Planet Report 2012

The Living Planet Report is the world’s leading science-based analysis on the health of our only planet and the impact of human activity. Its key finding? Humanity’s demands exceed our planet’s capacity to sustain us. That is, we ask for more than what we have. A new edition of the report was released on 15 May 2012.

02 May 12


Food Security: Priorities for Small States and LDCs

by Dirk Willem te Velde (ODI), held on 19 April 2012, Washington Commonwealth-Francophonie-G20 - Development Working Group Outreach Meeting

25 Apr 12


Food, Energy and Water – The Meganexus: South Africa at the Stress Epicenter

by Margaret Catley-Carlson, held at the South African Water, Energy and Food Forum: “Managing the Mega-Nexus”, 18-19 April 2012

17 Apr 12


Food Security Dynamics: the Food-Water-Energy Nexus and the Role of the Private Sector

by Larry C.Y. Wong, Program Director, Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS), Malaysia

14 Mar 12


The Blue Group Declaration to the 6th World Water Forum

“The time for solution is upon us.” The member countries of the Blue Group call upon all stakeholders of the 6th World Water Forum 2012, and the wider international community, to integrate human rights standards and principles when finding solutions to support the aim of universal access to water and sanitation.

03 Mar 12


Big Cities – Big Water – Big Challenges. Water in an Urbanizing World

The growth of the earth’s urban population and areas continues as a major demographic trend; it is projected that 70 % of the world’s population will live in urban areas by 2050. Urban growth today is most rapid in developing countries, where cities gain an average of 5 million residents each month.

03 Mar 12


Dams Initiative

Dams – Blessing or curse? Over 48,000 large dams are in operation worldwide.

03 Mar 12


Water Security – The Water-Energy-Climate Nexus

The book seeks to deepen the awareness and understanding of the nexus which spans across the issue of water and to explore solutions to the water scarcity challenge ahead.

02 Mar 12


Durban: Linking Water and Sanitation Provision to Energy Saving and Food Security

by University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association (BORDA)

02 Mar 12



WaterLex, through its legal expertise, supports the harmonization and strengthening of international law asserting the trumping value of human rights commitments over any other international commitments.

01 Mar 12


Blooming Landscapes in Semiarid Regions Secure Livelihoods

by Fondation SEMFAO and GIZ

29 Feb 12


Growing Access: Ensuring food for all in a resource-constrained world

Why do millions surrounded by the means to produce food still go hungry? — Conference report by OXFAM

27 Feb 12

Bonn2011 Nexus Conference

Background Paper “Understanding the Nexus” by SEI

This paper is the scientific background paper of the Bonn2011 Nexus Conference. It explains the Nexus and presents initial evidence for how a nexus approach can enhance water, energy and food security in a green economy by increasing efficiency, reducing trade-offs, and building synergies across sectors.

16 Nov 11

Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus: Update on the EU Food Security Policy

by Chantal Symoens, EuropeAid

16 Nov 11


EU Policy on Energy & Development: Update and Outlook

by Rainer Hakala, Energy Unit C.5., Directorate General for Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid, European Commission (EC)

01 Nov 11

Press Background

More goods for more people with fewer resources – Can it be done?

Is there a contradiction between providing secure access to water and energy and supplying sufficient food to the world‘s growing population? The answer right now is: in many cases, yes! In many situations throughout the world it is becoming clear that increases in the supply of water or food or energy only come at the expense of one or both of the other resources.

01 Nov 11

Press Background

Networked solutions for an interlinked world

Our world faces enormous challenges. Water, energy and food will become ever scarcer in future, especially in poor countries. Although solutions can be found for many of the impending problems, the measures taken to tackle one problem impact on other sectors – often with negative consequences. Conflicts of objectives arise. Thus, more food or energy has, so far, come at a high cost: rising water consumption. And this is only one example of the contradictory relationships at work.

26 Sep 11

In Preparation of Rio+20

UNSGAB: Water and Sanitation: Underpinning the Pillars of Sustainable Development in the context of a Green Economy

Good management of water and sanitation is a precondition for sustainable development. It underpins the three pillars of sustainable development and also contributes to a green economy and to poverty eradication. These are compelling reasons to address water and sanitation challenges in UNCSD2012. UNSGAB believes that the global community must make progress on three major water and sanitation challenges during UNCSD2012.


11 Mar 14

Nexus at the Africa Utility Week

“We should galvanize the interest the nexus debate is generating by operationalizing commitments into concrete programmes by building strategic partnerships and alliances as we move into the future,” says Paul T. Yillia, consultant at Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).

10 Mar 14

Nexus Conference

Summary of the sessions at the “Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference”, 5-8 Mar 2014, Chapel Hill/USA, provided by Campus Blueprint’s correspondents Grace Tatter, Anita Simha, Gayatri Surendranathan, and Kyle Ann Sebastian.

22 Jan 14

Water-Energy Nexus

Moving forward into an uncertain energy future, the water intensity of a particular electricity source should be taken into consideration as a matter of course.

21 Jan 14

Data Project

Circle of Blue, a team of journalists and researchers reporting on water and worldwide resource issues, today launched Choke Point: Index, a dynamic on-the-ground journalism and data project that reveals the globally significant competition between water, food, and energy. The first phase, called “Dry Fields, Dirty Water,” explores three critical, water-challenged agricultural regions in the United States, and was announced during the International Water Summit in Abu Dhabi.

16 Jan 12


A new approach – the water, energy and food security nexus

19 Nov 11


Reflections of the Co-Chairs on the outcomes of the Bonn2011 Nexus-Conference

Recent NEXUS Events

18–19 Feb 14


This thematic debate is part of a series of three high-level events and three thematic debates convened by the President of the UN General Assembly (UNGA). The events are organized the theme, ‘The Post-2015 Development Agenda: Setting the Stage!’ and seek to initiate discussions on priority areas for the post-2015 development agenda through in-depth, interactive and participatory discussions, with the objective of generating concrete contributions to the formulation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

22 Mar 14

World Water Day

Water and energy are closely interlinked and interdependent. Energy generation and transmission requires utilization of water resources, particularly for hydroelectric, nuclear, and thermal energy sources. Conversely, about 8% of the global energy generation is used for pumping, treating and transporting water to various consumers.

04–06 Dec 13


The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA), in collaboration with the Sustainable Energy for All initiative, UN-Energy and the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), will be convening a Global Conference on “Rural Energy Access: A Nexus Approach to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication” at the Economic Commission for Africa in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on December 4-6, 2013.

06–08 Feb 14

14th Delhi Sustainable Development Summit

At the World Water Week 2011 in Stockholm, discussions focussed on how population growth, expanding cities, and accelerating economic activity increase the demand for energy and food and create unsustainable pressure on water resources. The 14th Delhi Sustainable Development Summit will deliberate on these topics and strive to find ways forward, toward a greener and more sustainable future. DSDS 2014 will continue to feature thematic tracks, successfully introduced at DSDS 2013, revolving around specific issues in the areas of energy, water and food security.

05–07 Nov 12


The objective of this conference is to discuss and identify priority areas following the outcomes of the 6th World Water Forum and the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20 or UNCSD).

21–24 May 13


New Challenges for Science and Governance. Indicators, Thresholds and Uncertainties of the Global Water System, Bonn

19 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

Insights from the European Report on Development

20 Jun 12

Side Event at Rio+20

The Side-Event aims at identifying trade-offs between the sectoral objectives and discussing how a better consideration of the interlinkages between energy, water and food security can contribute to the achievement of the energy objectives.

12 Jun 12

Side Event at the ICSU Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation

This session aims to consider how a new paradigm of adaptive management can be developed to address water security issues in a context of growing multiple needs and water scarcity.

14 Jun 12

Panel Discussion

The third European Report on Development (ERD) – drawn up by three European think tanks, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) and the German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE) – focuses on the use of scarce resources for inclusive and sustainable growth in the spheres of water, energy and land.

15 May 12


How can we secure access to adequate food, clean and safe drinking water and sustainable energy for all – within the planetary boundaries?


International World Water Day is held annually on 22 March as a means of focusing attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

16–18 Nov 11


Solutions for the Green Economy

NEXUS in the Media

24 Jun 14

The parched planet: Water on tap

Researchers are exploring unconventional sources of fresh water to quench the globe’s growing thirst.

07 Feb 14

Lack of Clean Water, Food and Energy is Affecting the Growth of Developing Countries

Global think tank The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) launched the 14th edition of its annual flagship event, The ‘Delhi Sustainable Development Summit’ (DSDS) in New Delhi today. The course of three days will witness an array of speakers voicing their opinion on the theme of the conference: “Attaining Energy, Water and Food Security For All”. Sustainable growth and development was stressed by various speakers, especially in the context of developing countries facing a crisis in midst of climate change and scarcity of natural resources.

07 Feb 14

Thirsty energy: the conflict between demands for power and water

Water scarcity and poor hydro management can threaten energy production. A World Bank initiative aims to tackle the problem.

04 Feb 14

Jeremy Bentham, Shell: “Gearing up for the future”

The inefficient use of natural resources and energy continues, especially in developing countries where population growth is most significant. Developed countries are often very wasteful. The combined annual food waste from Europe and the United States alone, for example, could feed about 1.5 billion people, notes Jeremy Bentham, Shell Vice President for Global Business Environment.

21 Jan 14

The water-energy challenge is manifold

By Michel Jarraud, Chair of UN-Water. - A sustainable future depends on our capacity to address the water-energy nexus and harness related opportunities. Water and energy are both drivers and inhibitors of economic growth and improvement of human health and well-being. However, decision and policymakers often fail to recognise the interdependencies between the two, sometimes leading to situations where securing one puts the other at risk.

20 Jan 14

Solar Micro-Grid Aims to Boost Power and Food in Haiti

EarthSpark, the project’s leader, won a Powering Agriculture grant for clean energy development. This new model for connecting homes and businesses to clean, reliable power using smart meters, solar panels, and a small, independent power grid is being put to the test in Haiti.

14 Jan 14

EDF Blog

We can’t expect a reliable energy future without talking water

“It’s no secret that electricity generation requires substantial amounts of water”, writes, Kate Zerrenner, project manager with EDF’s US Climate and Energy program, “and different energy sources require varying amounts of water. Nor is it a surprise that Texas and other areas in the West and Southwest are in the midst of a persistent drought. Given these realities, it is surprising that water scarcity is largely absent from the debate over which energy sources are going to be the most reliable in our energy future.”

07 Nov 13

Sustainability is Security

Conflict increases in the face of fuel, food and water scarcity. This concept seems relatively simple, yet too often we seem fixated on blunt force solutions to problems (military intervention, financial aid, food distribution) that could be better solved with tech-enabled abundance, conservation, distributed energy and other proven methods of increasing the world’s access to the elements of survival.

10 Oct 13

Building the case for water SDGs: SEI at the Budapest Water Summit 2013

“The nexus has been discussed and conceptualized at length. It is now time to put the nexus concept to work, so we can help to inspire smart, integrated water, energy and food policies in hotspots where the tensions between water, energy, food and environmental issues are having real impacts on people’s lives,” said Holger Hoff, Senior Research Fellow at the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI). “This high-level panel will provide a good opportunity to spread the word.”

26 Aug 13

The rising challenge of our fragile food security

A 2011 study reported that the world consumed more than it had produced for seven out of the past eight years. These concerns will lead to growing attention paid to the nexus between food, water and energy resources, especially as climate change is expected to have an increasing impact globally.

16 Jan 13

Access Water Blog: A Focus on the Water-Energy Nexus at the International Water Summit

The Acces Water Blog by CH2MHILL.

10 Dec 12

Asia’s energy and food security challenges

Many Asian countries have been concerned about resource security and whether they will have enough food and energy at an accessible cost, and within tolerable risks, to meet projected demands.

17 Sep 12

Asia’s Water Crisis Needs Urgent Fixing

Asia’s water crisis is at the heart of the world’s water challenges, where the degradation of surface and subterranean water resources threatens the ecosystem. With Asia facing the world’s lowest per capita access to fresh water, the continent’s ever-deeper search for water is sucking groundwater reserves dry with millions of pump-operated wells even as it confronts river depletion. Groundwater is recklessly exploited because it is not visible to the human eye. What is out of sight tends to be out of mind, as people drill ever deeper into the receding water table. At least seven factors have contributed to the rising economic and security risks linked with the Asian water crisis.

03 Sep 12

Why partnering with NGOs for water stewardship makes business sense

The global water crisis makes collaboration between business, NGOs and civil society essential for securing a sustainable, long term future for all. In Stockholm, 2,500 delegates have gathered for World Water Week to discuss the global water crisis and its effects on food security. Droughts and floods from America to Australia have devastated farms, frustrated civic leaders and caused food prices to skyrocket at a disturbing rate. Now companies are realising that water stewardship is both a moral imperative and makes smart business sense. With the world confronting a 40% gap between the planet’s supply and demand by 2030, the time to confront water scarcity is now.

30 Aug 12

Farmer-Led Irrigation Schemes Could Transform Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia

Amid dire warnings, there are rays of hope emanating from around the world. People, not governments, who through ingenuity and hands on experience are creating productive farmland from arid land, fuel this hope. A report by Malik Falkenmark and colleagues at the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) states there will not be enough water available on current croplands to produce food for the projected population of nine billion people in 2050 if current diet trends continue. Amid warnings of water scarcity limiting food production, and as Oxfam and the United Nations prepare for a possible second global food crisis in five years, another report shows that there is water at the bottom of the well.

29 Aug 12

Water for wealth and food security

The International Water Management Institute, headed by Australian Dr Colin Chartes, was awarded the Stockholm Water Prize at last year’s Stockholm World Water Week. For this year’s event, being held from 26 August, IWMI have released research that finds that smallscale irrigation schemes can protect millions of farmers from food insecurity and climate change in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. As food prices escalate globally due to the failed monsoon season in Asia and the “super drought” in the US, the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), a CGIAR consortium research center, released a paper for Stockholm World Water Week titled “Water for wealth and food security: Supporting farmer-driven investments in agricultural water management” that find expanding the use of smallholder water management techniques could increase yields up to 300 percent in some cases, and add tens of billions of US dollars to household revenues across sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

27 Jun 12

Sustainable agriculture needs integrated solutions

In its RIO+20 Call-to-action, CGIAR called for “adopting cross-sectoral approaches which facilitate broader partnerships, coordinated regulatory frameworks and appropriate economic incentives. We need the vision and courage to transcend conventional sectoral approaches and apply integrated thinking to the management of agriculture, aquaculture, livestock, forests and water.” AlertNET wanted to find out more, and talked to Stephen Hall (Director General, WorldFish Center), Papa Seck (Director General, Africa Rice Center), Tony Simons (Director General, World Agroforestry Centre), Alain Vidal (Director, Challenge Program on Water and Food – CPWF), Amy Duchelle (Research Fellow, Center for International Forestry Research - CIFOR) and from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture - IITA), we have Peter Neuenschwander (Scientist Emeritus) and Piet van Asten (Systems Agronomist).

20 Jun 12

Bangladesh wary of “green economy” agenda at Rio+20

Bangladesh will advocate for a “green economy” approach that does not constrain poorer nations’ potential to grow at the U.N. conference on sustainable development in Rio de Janeiro this week. “We are concerned the green economy path will hamper our economic development. How effective will it be for poverty eradication?” Quazi Khaliquzzaman Ahmed, convener of Bangladesh’s climate change negotiation team, told AlertNet. “Unless poor countries get adequate funds from the major polluter (nations), it won’t be possible for them to green their economy.

17 Jun 12

Rio+20 deal weakens on energy and water pledges

Governments are set to weaken pledges on boosting access to water and energy after a new draft negotiating text was issued at the Rio+20 meeting. The text was issued by the Brazilian host government after it assumed leadership of the talks from the UN. It affirms that nations must not slide back on prior pledges and names ending poverty as the “greatest challenge”.

12 Jun 12

Resource depletion: Opportunity or looming catastrophe?

Imagine a world of spiralling food prices, water shortages and soaring energy costs. For many living in the world today, this nightmare scenario is already a reality. Even for the well-off living in developed economies, it is becoming all too familiar.

12 Jun 12

Will Water Dry Up at Summit on Sustainable Development?

he headline in a New York newspaper last March captured the essence of a future potential threat to political stability the world over: “U.S. Report Sees Tensions Over Water.” The study, a collective vision of the U.S. intelligence community, warned that during the next 10 years, many countries important to the United States will “almost certainly experience water problems - shortages, poor water quality or floods - that will contribute to the risk of instability and state failure, and increase regional tensions.”

11 Jun 12

Kandeh Yumkella: four reasons why the world needs to act fast on climate change

Since he was tapped by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon to co-lead his global energy access initiative, UNIDO Director General, Kandeh Yumkella, has never missed an opportunity to underscore why access to energy is vital to the world’s poorest. “For poor people, it is about life and death,” he said as he delivered the keynote address at the 2012 Ashden Awards ceremony held in the United Kingdom.

21 May 12

Is environmentally sustainable water, energy and land for all possible?

Lowering consumption in the developed world, renewables, ending land grabs, a price for natural resources, private sector investment – what’s the answer?

13 Mar 12

Der Kampf ums Wasser tobt

Die Ressource Wasser ist knapp. Das ist nicht nur ein Problem der Wüstenzonen. Wasser muss gerechter verteilt werden, denn Industriestaaten verschwenden es schonungslos. Deutschland beteiligt sich an der Weltwasserdiskussion seit dem vergangenen Jahr mit der sogenannten Nexus-Diskussion.

23 Oct 11

Changing Direction towards a New Energy Future

As the world transitions to a more sustainable energy future, the right decisions need to be made now to ensure that transition is as smooth as possible. In this speech, Shell Chairman Jorma Ollila discusses the important role that natural gas can play as an affordable, flexible energy source. He calls on policymakers to take a market approach to regulating CO2 to ensure all mitigation measures will be used, starting with those that are lowest cost and fastest to implement. He also talks about research Shell is conducting to understand the complex interrelationship between energy, water and food, and how we can be more efficient in managing them. - Speech given by Jorma Ollila, Chairman, Royal Dutch Shell plc, at the International Energy Agency Governing Board at Ministerial Level, October 18, 2011

13 Oct 11

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon calls for a “Green Energy Revolution”

04 Oct 11

More Fresh Water With Less Energy

29 Aug 11

Balancing water, food and energy equation a global challenge

One of the world’s key challenges in an increasingly challenging future will be balancing the water, food and energy equation, WWF predicted at the conclusion of this year’s World Water Week.


  • IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute
  • WEF World Economic Forum
  • WWF World Wide Fund for Nature

Bonn2011 Nexus Conference – in the context of Bonn Perspectives

  • Bonn Perspectives

initiated by

  • BONN
  • BMZ

funded by

  • European Regional Development Fund EFRE
  • NRW Ministerin fr Bundesangelegenheiten, Europa und Medien des Landes Nordrhein-Westphalen
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